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Vectors for selective expression of cloned DNAs by T7 RNA polymerase   总被引:327,自引:0,他引:327  
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Bacteriophage T7 RNA polymerase is stable in Escherichia coli but very susceptible to cleavage by at least one endoprotease after cell lysis. The major source of this endoprotease activity was found to be localized to the outer membrane of the cell. A rapid whole-cell assay was developed to screen different strains for the presence of this proteolytic activity. Using this assay, we identified some common laboratory strains that totally lack the protease. Genetic and Southern analyses of these null strains allowed us to conclude that the protease that cleaves T7 RNA polymerase is OmpT (formerly termed protein a), a known outer membrane endoprotease, and that the null phenotype results from deletion of the OmpT structural gene. A recombinant plasmid carrying the ompT gene enables these deletion strains to synthesize OmpT and converts them to a protease-positive phenotype. The plasmid led to overproduction of OmpT protein and protease activity in the E. coli K-12 and B strains we used, but only weak expression in the E. coli C strain, C1757. This strain-dependent difference in ompT expression was investigated with respect to the known influence of envZ on OmpT synthesis. A small deletion in the ompT region of the plasmid greatly diminishes the amount of OmpT protein and plasmid-encoded protease present in outer membranes. Use of ompT deletion strains for production of T7 RNA polymerase from the cloned gene has made purification of intact T7 RNA polymerase routine. Such strains may be useful for purification of other proteins expressed in E. coli.  相似文献
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The poliovirus polyprotein is cleaved at three different amino acid pairs. Viral polypeptide 3C is responsible for processing at the most common pair (glutamineglycine). We have found that a cDNA fragment encoding parts of the capsid protein region (P1) and the nonstructural protein region (P2), and including the P1-P2 processing site (tyrosine-glycine), can be expressed in E. coli. The translation product was correctly processed. Disruption of the coding sequence of 2A, a nonstructural polypeptide mapping carboxy-terminal to the tyrosine-glycine cleavage site, by linker mutagenesis or deletion, prevented processing. Deletion of the adjacent polypeptide 2B had no such effect. Antibodies against 2A specifically inhibited processing at the 3C'-3D' processing site (tyrosine-glycine) in vitro. We conclude that poliovirus encodes the second proteinase 2A, which processes the polyprotein at tyrosine-glycine cleavage sites.  相似文献
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The ospA gene of Borrelia burgdorferi encodes an outer membrane protein which is a major antigen of the Lyme disease agent. Two sequence-specific sets of oligonucleotide primers were used to specify the amplification of the ospA coding sequence by the polymerase chain reaction. One set allowed the entire ospA sequence to be amplified, while the other primed amplification of a truncated form of ospA lacking the first 17 codons specified by the wild-type ospA structural gene, residues believed to constitute a signal sequence which normally would direct localization of the ospA protein to the Borrelia cell's outer membrane. Each set of primers also contained sequences near their 5' ends which facilitated cloning of the amplified DNA directly into a high level expression system based on bacteriophage T7 genetic elements. We showed that the full-length OspA protein is synthesized poorly in Escherichia coli and it is associated with the insoluble membrane fraction. In contrast, the truncated form can be expressed to very high levels and it is soluble. The truncated protein was purified to homogeneity and partially characterized. Its N-terminal sequence and molecular weight derived from sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis agree with those deduced from the DNA sequence. It is a monomer with a native molecular weight of 28,000 and it is very resistant to digestion by trypsin even though it is rather rich in lysine residues (16 mol%). Recombinant OspA protein synthesized in E. coli is recognized by antibodies in sera of Lyme patients, which suggests that the protein may be useful in immunoassays and as a possible immunogen to protect against Lyme borreliosis.  相似文献
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All picornaviral genes are expressed as a single, large polyprotein, which is proteolytically processed into the system produces functional proteins, including viral protease 3C, which plays a major role in processing the precursor proteins. To study the function of the two putative proteases 3C and leader (L) in processing, we constructed several cDNA plasmids encoding various regions of the FMDV type A12 genome. These plasmids, containing FMDV cDNA segments under the control of the T7 promoter, were transcribed in vitro by using T7 RNA polymerase and then translated in rabbit reticulocyte lysates. The expressed FMDV gene products were identified by immunoprecipitation with specific antisera and analyzed by gel electrophoresis. The results demonstrate the following: (i) the leader protein, L, is processed from the structural protein precursor, P1, in the absence of any P2 or P3 region proteins; (ii) protein 2A remains associated with the structural protein precursor, P1, rather than the precursor, P2; (iii) the processing of the P1-2A/P2 junction is not catalyzed by 3C or L; (iv) the proteolytic processing of polyproteins from the structural P1 region (except VP4/VP2) and the nonstructural P2 and P3 region is catalyzed by 3C.  相似文献
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Four independent, spontaneous mutants of the adenovirus type 2-simian virus 40 hybrid Ad2+ND3 that allow efficient growth in monkey cells were isolated previously (C. W. Anderson, Virology 111:263-269, 1981). All four mutations have been mapped within the coding sequence for the adenovirus DNA-binding protein by marker rescue analysis. DNA sequence analysis of a region of ca. 1,000 base pairs shown by marker rescue to contain the host range mutations demonstrated that the host range mutant hr602 differs from its parent, Ad2+ND3, at only a single nucleotide. Mutant hr602 has a thymine in place of a cytosine at the first position of the 130th codon, as measured from the initiation site for the DNA-binding protein. This change results in the replacement of a histidine by a tyrosine in mutant hr602 DNA-binding protein. Each of the other three Ad2+ND3 host range mutants have exactly the same nucleotide alteration as does hr602. This same nucleotide change was recently reported for a similarly derived host range mutant of adenovirus 5.  相似文献
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