首页 | 本学科首页   官方微博 | 高级检索  
文章检索
  按 检索   检索词:      
出版年份:   被引次数:   他引次数: 提示:输入*表示无穷大
  收费全文   73篇
  完全免费   8篇
  2011年   1篇
  2007年   1篇
  2006年   1篇
  2005年   1篇
  2004年   2篇
  2002年   2篇
  2001年   7篇
  2000年   2篇
  1999年   6篇
  1996年   1篇
  1995年   1篇
  1994年   1篇
  1993年   1篇
  1992年   6篇
  1991年   3篇
  1990年   4篇
  1989年   3篇
  1988年   7篇
  1987年   4篇
  1986年   4篇
  1985年   4篇
  1984年   2篇
  1983年   2篇
  1981年   1篇
  1980年   1篇
  1979年   2篇
  1978年   2篇
  1977年   1篇
  1975年   2篇
  1972年   1篇
  1971年   1篇
  1968年   1篇
  1959年   1篇
  1958年   1篇
  1957年   1篇
排序方式: 共有81条查询结果,搜索用时 38 毫秒
1.
Mouse anti-Fas monoclonal antibody has a cytolytic activity on human cells that express the antigen. Complementary DNAs encoding the cell surface antigen Fas were isolated from a cDNA library of human T cell lymphoma KT-3 cells. The nucleotide sequence of the cDNAs revealed that the molecule coding for the Fas antigen determinant is a 319 amino acid polypeptide (Mr 36,000) with a single transmembrane domain. The extracellular domain is rich in cysteine residue, and shows a similarity to that of human tumor necrosis factor receptors, human nerve growth factor receptor, and human B cell antigen CD40. Murine WR19L cells or L929 cells transformed with the human Fas antigen cDNA were killed by the anti-Fas antibody in the process known as apoptosis.  相似文献
2.
We bred a microbial community capable of degrading rice straw with high efficiency. The microbial community degraded more than 60% of rice straw within 4 days at 50 °C. The high stability of the community's degradation ability was demonstrated by its tolerance of being subcultured several times in medium with/without cellulosic material, being heated to 95 °C, and freezing at –80 °C. The community degraded both nonsterilized and sterilized substrate; and its degradation ability was not affected by pH changes in the medium (initial pH 5–9). PCR-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) analyses based on 16S rDNA fragments showed that the community structure remained constant after multiple subcultures extending over 2 years. DNA sequence analyses of DGGE bands indicated the coexistence of both aerobic and anaerobic bacteria in the community. Electronic Publication  相似文献
3.
4.
Oligomers of a protein, porin, form permeability channels in the outer membrane of Escherichia coli B. A functional porin oligomer was identified and was purified to homogeneity by gel filtration in the presence of salts and sodium dodecyl sulfate. Molecular weights of purified porin oligomer and heat-dissociated monomer appeared to be 102,900 and 32,600, respectively, when determined by sedimentation equilibrium in the presence of sodium dodecyl sulfate. We concluded that the porin oligomer thus consists of three identical subunits. These data and results from other laboratories suggest porin trimers exist also in the outer membrane of intact cells, and participate in the formation of permeability channels. It was found that porin trimer bound less sodium dodecyl sulfate than the porin monomer.  相似文献
5.
We cloned a cDNA (HAC4) that encodes the hyperpolarization-activated cation channel (If or Ih) by screening a rabbit sinoatrial (SA) node cDNA library using a fragment of rat brain If cDNA. HAC4 is composed of 1150 amino acid residues, and its cytoplasmic N- and C-terminal regions are longer than those of HAC1-3. The transmembrane region of HAC4 was most homologous to partially cloned mouse If BCNG-3 (96%), whereas the C-terminal region of HAC4 showed low homology to all HAC family members so far cloned. Northern blotting revealed that HAC4 mRNA was the most highly expressed in the SA node among the rabbit cardiac tissues examined. The electrophysiological properties of HAC4 were examined using the whole cell patch-clamp technique. In COS-7 cells transfected with HAC4 cDNA, hyperpolarizing voltage steps activated slowly developing inward currents. The half-maximal activation was obtained at -87.2 +/- 2.8 mV under control conditions and at -64.4 +/- 2.6 mV in the presence of intracellular 0.3 mM cAMP. The reversal potential was -34.2 +/- 0.9 mV in 140 mM Na+o and 5 mM K+o versus 10 mM Na+i and 145 mM K+i. These results indicate that HAC4 forms If in rabbit heart SA node.  相似文献
6.
We here report the existence of 6 additional isoforms of the NMDA receptor generated via alternative splicing by molecular analysis of cDNA clones isolated from a rat forebrain cDNA library. These isoforms possess the structures with an insertion at the extracellular amino-terminal region or deletions at two different extracellular carboxyl-terminal regions, or those formed by combinations of the above insertion and deletions. One of the deletions results in the generation of a new carboxyl-terminal sequence. All these isoforms possess the ability to induce electrophysiological responses to NMDA and respond to various antagonists selective to the NMDA receptor in the Xenopus oocyte expression system. In addition, a truncated form of the NMDA receptor also exists that contains only the extreme amino-terminal sequence of this protein molecule. These data indicate that the NMDA receptor consists of heterogeneous molecules that differ in the extracellular sequence of the amino- and carboxyl-terminal regions.  相似文献
7.
For the studies on the mechanism of induction of peroxisomal beta-oxidation enzymes and biogenesis of the organelle, we have isolated cDNA clones for rat peroxisomal enoyl-CoA: hydratase-3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase bifunctional enzyme. On blotting experiments with liver RNA, the cDNAs hybridized to a 3.0-kilobase RNA which was increased 5-7-fold by the administration of di-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate to rats. Nucleotide sequencing was carried out for four cloned cDNAs and one obtained by a primer extension method. By overlapping these sequences with each other, we identified 20 nucleotides of 5'-noncoding, 2,166 nucleotides of coding, and 910 nucleotides of 3'-noncoding regions. The deduced amino acid sequence of the enzyme is composed of 722 residues, and the composition agrees with that of the protein data. The sequence was confirmed by the amino acid compositions and sequence analyses of some of the tryptic peptides. The molecular weight of the mature enzyme is calculated to be 78,511 from the predicted amino acid sequence. The enzyme has no terminal peptide extension as a signal for translocation into peroxisomes.  相似文献
8.
9.
Effects of inhibitors of DNA synthesis on spontaneous and ultraviolet light (UV)-induced sister-chromatid exchanges (SCE) were examined in a Chinese hamster cell line, V79 B-1. The inhibitors used were hydroxyurea (HU), 1-beta-D-arabinofuranosylcytosine (ara-C), aphidicolin (APC), 2',3'-dideoxythymidine triphosphate (ddTTP), neocarzinostatin (NCS), novobiocin (NB) and cycloheximide (CHX). HU, ara-C, and APC increased spontaneous SCE frequency, and had a synergistic effect on UV-induced SCE frequency. DdTTP, NCS and NB failed to show any statistically significant effect on either spontaneous or UV-induced SCE frequencies, though NCS and NB did slightly increase both spontaneous and UV-induced SCE frequencies. On the contrary, CHX decreased spontaneous SCE frequency, and more drastically, also UV-induced SCE frequency. These results are interpreted with respect to the replicating fork of DNA, a structure postulated to be involved in the formation of spontaneous and UV-induced SCE. A new model for SCE formation is proposed.  相似文献
10.
Islet-activating protein (IAP), pertussis toxin, is a hexameric protein composed of an A protomer and a B oligomer, the residual pentamer having such a subunit assembly that two different dimers, dimer 1 and dimer 2, are connected with each other by means of the smallest C subunit. Incubation of IAP with formaldehyde and pyridine-borane produced the modified toxin in which most of the free amino groups were dimethylated. The methylated and nonmethylated (native) IAP were disintegrated into their respective constituent components, which were then cross combined to reconstitute hybrid toxins with the original hexameric structure. The binding of the B oligomer to the mammalian cell surface via dimer 2 was, but the binding via dimer 1 was not, seriously impaired by methylation of amino groups in the protein. The binding of the B oligomer allowed the A protomer to enter cells and to catalyze ADP-ribosylation of a membrane Mr 41 000 protein. The diverse biological activities of IAP occurring by this mechanism were mimicked by not only methylated IAP but also all hybrid toxins, indicating that the free amino groups in the protein were not essential for the enzyme activity of the A protomer and that the A protomer was able to enter cells if the B oligomer bound to cells "monovalently" via dimer 1. An additional effect of the B oligomer binding, i.e., the direct stimulation, without the transport of the A protomer, of cells leading to mitosis in lymphocytes in vitro or increases in circulating lymphocytes in vivo, was not mimicked by hybrid toxins containing methylated dimer 2.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)  相似文献
设为首页 | 免责声明 | 关于勤云 | 加入收藏

Copyright©北京勤云科技发展有限公司  京ICP备09084417号