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We provide the first functional evidence that calcitonin gene-related peptide (8-37) induces a direct vasoconstriction and reversibly antagonizes vasodilation of the mesenteric arterial bed induced by calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) suggesting that CGRP (8-37) is a competitive antagonist of vascular CGRP receptors. Vasodilation induced by periarterial nerve stimulation was inhibited both by CGRP (8-37) and by desensitization of CGRP receptors. These results further support the evidence that the periarterial nerve stimulation-induced nonadrenergic noncholinergic vasodilation of the mesenteric vasculature is mediated by endogenous CGRP and its receptors.  相似文献
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Furin is a subtilisin-like proprotein processing enzyme in higher eukaryotes   总被引:10,自引:0,他引:10  
The human fur gene encodes a protein, designated furin, the C-terminal half of which contains a transmembrane and a cysteine-rich receptor-like domain. The N-terminal half of furin exhibits striking primary amino acid sequence similarity to the catalytic domains of members of the subtilisin family of serine proteases. We here report characteristics of the furin protein and propose a three-dimensional model for its presumptive catalytic domain with characteristics, that predict furin to exhibit an endo-proteolytic cleavage selectivity at paired basic residues. This prediction is substantiated by transfection and cotransfection experiments, using COS-1 cells. Full length fur cDNA evokes the specific synthesis of two polypeptides of about 100 kDa and 90 kDa as appeared from Western blot analysis of transfected COS-1 cells using a polyclonal anti-furin antiserum. Functional analysis of furin was performed by cotransfection of fur cDNA with cDNA encoding the wild type precursor of von Willebrand factor (pro-vWF) and revealed an increased proteolytic processing of prov WF. In contrast, cotransfection of fur cDNA with a recombinat derivative (provWFgly763), having the arginine residue adjacent to the proteolytic cleavage site (arg-ser-lys-arg) replaced by glycine, revealed that provWFgly763 is not processed by the fur gene product. We conclude that in higher eukaryotes, furin is the prototype of a subtilisin-like class of proprotein processing enzymes with substrate specificity for paired basic residues.  相似文献
5.
S Han  L A Stuart  S J Degen 《Biochemistry》1991,30(40):9768-9780
A human genomic DNA library was screened by using conditions of reduced stringency with a bovine cDNA probe coding for the kringle domains in prothrombin in order to isolate the human prothrombin gene. Twelve positives were identified, three of which coded for prothrombin (Degen & Davie, 1987). Phage L5 was characterized in more detail because of its strong hybridization to the cDNA probe and its unique restriction map compared to the gene coding for human prothrombin. The gene in L5 was sequenced and found to code for a kringle-containing protein. A human liver cDNA library was screened by using a genomic probe from the gene in L5. cDNAs were isolated that contained sequence identical with regions in the gene in L5. Comparison of the cDNA with the gene indicated that the gene in L5 was composed of 18 exons separated by 17 intervening sequences and is 4690 bp in length. Exons ranged in size from 36 to 242 bp in length while intervening sequences ranged from 77 to 697 bp in length. The putative protein encoded by the gene in L5 contains four kringle domains followed by a serine protease-like domain. This domain structure is identical with that found in hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), although the two proteins are only about 50% identical. On the basis of the similarity of the protein encoded by L5 and HGF, we propose that the putative L5 protein be tentatively called HGF-like protein until a function is identified. The DNA sequence of the gene and cDNA and its translated amino acid sequence were compared against GenBank and NBRF databases. Sequences homologous to DNF15S1 and DNF15S2, human DNF15S2 lung mRNA, and rat acyl-peptide hydrolase were identified in exon 17 to the 3' end of the characterized sequence for the gene. From our results, it is apparent that the gene coding for human HGF-like protein is located at the DNF15S2 locus on human chromosome 3 (3p21). The gene for acyl-peptide hydrolase is 444 bp downstream of the gene coding for HGF-like protein, but on the complementary strand. The DNF15S2 locus has been proposed to code for one or more tumor suppressor genes since this locus is deleted in DNA from small cell lung carcinoma, other lung cancers, renal cell carcinoma, and von Hippel-Lindau syndrome.  相似文献
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A DNA polymerase stop assay for G-quadruplex-interactive compounds.   总被引:7,自引:6,他引:1       下载免费PDF全文
We have developed and characterized an assay for G-quadruplex-interactive compounds that makes use of the fact that G-rich DNA templates present obstacles to DNA synthesis by DNA polymerases. Using Taq DNA polymerase and the G-quadruplex binding 2, 6-diamidoanthraquinone BSU-1051, we find that BSU-1051 leads to enhanced arrest of DNA synthesis in the presence of K+by stabilizing an intramolecular G-quadruplex structure formed by four repeats of either TTGGGG or TTAGGG in the template strand. The data provide additional evidence that BSU-1051 modulates telomerase activity by stabilization of telomeric G-quadruplex DNA and point to a polymerase arrest assay as a sensitive method for screening for G-quadruplex-interactive agents with potential clinical utility.  相似文献
8.
W J Mackay  S Han    L D Samson 《Journal of bacteriology》1994,176(11):3224-3230
The Escherichia coli Ada and Ogt DNA methyltransferases (MTases) are known to transfer simple alkyl groups from O6-alkylguanine and O4-alkylthymine, directly restoring these alkylated DNA lesions to guanine and thymine. In addition to being exquisitely sensitive to the mutagenic effects of methylating agents, E. coli ada ogt null mutants display a higher spontaneous mutation rate than the wild type. Here, we determined which base substitution mutations are elevated in the MTase-deficient cells by monitoring the reversion of six mutated lacZ alleles that revert via each of the six possible base substitution mutations. During exponential growth, the spontaneous rate of G:C to A:T transitions and G:C to C:G transversions was elevated about fourfold in ada ogt double mutant versus wild-type E. coli. Furthermore, compared with the wild type, stationary populations of the MTase-deficient E. coli (under lactose selection) displayed increased G:C to A:T and A:T to G:C transitions (10- and 3-fold, respectively) and increased G:C to C:G, A:T to C:G, and A:T to T:A transversions (10-, 2.5-, and 1.7-fold, respectively). ada and ogt single mutants did not suffer elevated spontaneous mutation rates for any base substitution event, and the cloned ada and ogt genes each restored wild-type spontaneous mutation rates to the ada ogt MTase-deficient strains. We infer that both the Ada MTase and the Ogt MTase can repair the endogenously produced DNA lesions responsible for each of the five base substitution events that are elevated in MTase-deficient cells. Simple methylating and ethylating agents induced G:C to A:T and A:T to G:C transitions in these strains but did not significantly induce G:C to C:G, A:T to C:G, and A:T to T:A transversions. We deduce that S-adenosylmethionine (known to e a weak methylating agent) is not the only metabolite responsible for endogenous DNA alkylation and that at least some of the endogenous metabolites that cause O-alkyl DNA damage in E. coli are not simple methylating or ethylating agents.  相似文献
9.
类鼻疽菌血清分型   总被引:5,自引:0,他引:5       下载免费PDF全文
类鼻疽假单胞菌根据不耐热抗原的有无分为血清I型和II型。在没有标准血清情况下,用吸收试验,选出产不耐热抗原较好的菌株,用scphadex G—200纯化抗原制备I型血清,用该血清对我国分离的68株及引进6株菌以琼脂扩散法,进行血清学分型。结果表明:68株为血清I型,3株为血清II型菌,3株不稳定。上述结果与文献报道的一致。即血清I型菌多存在于亚洲,血清型与菌株来源(环境、动物)无关,但与地理分布有关。  相似文献
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