首页 | 本学科首页   官方微博 | 高级检索  
文章检索
  按 检索   检索词:      
出版年份:   被引次数:   他引次数: 提示:输入*表示无穷大
  收费全文   11篇
  完全免费   8篇
  2001年   2篇
  2000年   2篇
  1998年   1篇
  1994年   1篇
  1992年   2篇
  1991年   3篇
  1990年   4篇
  1989年   1篇
  1986年   2篇
  1980年   1篇
排序方式: 共有19条查询结果,搜索用时 62 毫秒
1.
The temperature-sensitive mutant cell line tsBN2, was derived from the BHK21 cell line and has a point mutation in the RCC1 gene. In tsBN2 cells, the RCC1 protein disappeared after a shift to the non-permissive temperature at any time in the cell cycle. From S phase onwards, once RCC1 function was lost at the non-permissive temperature, p34cdc2 was dephosphorylated and M-phase specific histone H1 kinase was activated. However, in G1 phase, shifting to the non-permissive temperature did not activate p34cdc2 histone H1 kinase. The activation of p34cdc2 histone H1 kinase required protein synthesis in addition to the presence of a complex between p34cdc2 and cyclin B. Upon the loss of RCC1 in S phase of tsBN2 cells and the consequent p34cdc2 histone H1 kinase activation, a normal mitotic cycle is induced, including the formation of a mitotic spindle and subsequent reformation of the interphase-microtubule network. Exit from mitosis was accompanied by the disappearance of cyclin B, and a decrease in p34cdc2 histone H1 kinase activity. The kinetics of p34cdc2 histone H1 kinase activation correlated well with the appearance of premature mitotic cells and was not affected by the presence of a DNA synthesis inhibitor. Thus the normal inhibition of p34cdc2 activation by incompletely replicated DNA is abrogated by the loss of RCC1.  相似文献
2.
When BHK21 cells synchronized in early S phase were exposed to okadaic acid (OA), an inhibitor of protein phosphatases 1 and 2A, mitosis specific events such as premature chromosome condensation, the production of MPM-2 antigens, dispersion of nuclear lamins and the appearance of mitotic asters were induced, and then disappeared upon further incubation. These mitosis specific events occurred even in the presence of cycloheximide. Within 1 h of exposure to OA, cdc2/histone H1 kinase activity rose 10-fold compared with untreated controls, but returned to the control level upon further incubation. Using antibodies against either p34cdc2 or cyclin B it was found that p34cdc2 complexed with cyclin B was dephosphorylated after OA treatment concomitant with the activation of cdc2 kinase, and that cyclin B was subsequently degraded concomitant with a decrease in cdc2 kinase activity, as in normal mitosis. In contrast, when cells in G1 phase were treated with OA no increase in cdc2 kinase activity was observed. Moreover when cells in pseudo-metaphase induced by nocodazole were treated with OA, cdc2 kinase was inactivated. These results suggest that OA sensitive protein phosphatases control both the activation and inactivation of the p34cdc2 kinase.  相似文献
3.
RCC1, a regulator of mitosis, is essential for DNA replication.   总被引:25,自引:4,他引:21       下载免费PDF全文
Temperature-sensitive mutants in the RCC1 gene of BHK cells fail to maintain a correct temporal order of the cell cycle and will prematurely condense their chromosomes and enter mitosis at the restrictive temperature without having completed S phase. We have used Xenopus egg extracts to investigate the role that RCC1 plays in interphase nuclear functions and how this role might contribute to the known phenotype of temperature-sensitive RCC1 mutants. By immunodepleting RCC1 protein from egg extracts, we find that it is required for neither chromatin decondensation nor nuclear formation but that it is absolutely required for the replication of added sperm chromatin DNA. Our results further suggest that RCC1 does not participate enzymatically in replication but may be part of a structural complex which is required for the formation or maintenance of the replication machinery. By disrupting the replication complex, the loss of RCC1 might lead directly to disruption of the regulatory system which prevents the initiation of mitosis before the completion of DNA replication.  相似文献
4.
At the nonpermissive temperature, premature chromosome condensation (PCC) occurs in tsBN2 cells derived from the BHK cell line, which can be converted to the Ts+ phenotype by the human RCC1 gene. To prove that the RCC1 gene is the mutant gene in tsBN2 cells, which have RCC1 mRNA and protein of the same sizes as those of BHK cells, RCC1 cDNAs were isolated from BHK and tsBN2 cells and sequenced to search for mutations. The hamster (BHK) RCC1 cDNA encodes a protein of 421 amino acids homologous to the human RCC1 protein. In a comparison of the base sequences of BHK and BN2 RCC1 cDNAs, a single base change, cytosine to thymine (serine to phenylalanine), was found in the 256th codon of BN2 RCC1 cDNA. The same transition was verified in the RCC1 genomic DNA by the polymerase chain reaction method. BHK RCC1 cDNA, but not tsBN2 RCC1 cDNA, complemented the tsBN2 mutation, although both have the same amino acid sequence except for one amino acid at the 256th codon. This amino acid change, serine to phenylalanine, was estimated to cause a profound structural change in the RCC1 protein.  相似文献
5.
In Escherichia coli, eight kinds of chromosome-derived DNA fragments (named Hot DNA) were found to exhibit homologous recombinational hotspot activity, with the following properties. (i) The Hot activities of all Hot DNAs were enhanced extensively under RNase H-defective (rnh) conditions. (ii) Seven Hot DNAs were clustered at the DNA replication terminus region on the E. coli chromosome and had Chi activities (H. Nishitani, M. Hidaka, and T. Horiuchi, Mol. Gen. Genet. 240:307-314, 1993). Hot activities of HotA, -B, and -C, the locations of which were close to three DNA replication terminus sites, the TerB, -A, and -C sites, respectively, disappeared when terminus-binding (Tau or Tus) protein was defective, thereby suggesting that their Hot activities are termination event dependent. Other Hot groups showed termination-independent Hot activities. In addition, at least HotA activity proved to be dependent on a Chi sequence, because mutational destruction of the Chi sequence on the HotA DNA fragment resulted in disappearance of the HotA activity. The HotA activity which had disappeared was reactivated by insertion of a new, properly oriented Chi sequence at the position between the HotA DNA and the TerB site. On the basis of these observations and positional and orientational relationships between the Chi and the Ter sequences, we propose a model in which the DNA replication fork blocked at the Ter site provides an entrance for the RecBCD enzyme into duplex DNA.  相似文献
6.
The RCC1 gene has been isolated from several vertebrates, including human, hamster and Xenopus. Genes similar to RCC1, namely BJ1 and SRM1/PRP20, have been isolated from the insect Drosophila and from the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. A mutation of the RCC1 gene in the hamster BHK21 cell line, tsBN2, confers pleiotropic phenotypes, including G1 arrest and premature induction of mitosis in cells synchronized at the G1/S boundary. Similarly, mutations of the SRM1/PRP20 gene are pleiotropic; the srm1 mutant shows G1 arrest and suppression of the mating defect of mutants lacking pheromone receptors, and the prp20 mutant shows an alteration in mRNA metabolism. Here we show that both BJ1 and SRM1/PRP20 complement the temperature sensitive phenotype of the tsBN2 cells. Like RCC1 proteins of vertebrates, the protein products of the Drosophila and yeast RCC1 homologues were located in the nuclei of the mammalian cells. These results suggest that the BJ1 and SRM1/PRP20 genes are functionally equivalent to the vertebrate RCC1 genes, and that the RCC1 gene plays an important role in the regulation of gene expression in the eukaryotic cell cycle.  相似文献
7.
We cloned the hamster cdc25C cDNA by using the human cdc25C cDNA as a probe and prepared an antibody to Escherichia coli-produced hamster cdc25C protein that is specific to the human cdc25C protein. The microinjected antibody inhibited a chromosome condensation induced by tsBN2 mutation, indicating that the cdc25C protein is required for an activation of p34cdc2 kinase caused by loss of RCC1 function. The hamster cdc25C protein located in the cytoplasm, prominently in a periphery of the nuclei of cells arrested with hydroxyurea, and seemed to move into the nuclei by loss of RCC1 function. Also, we found a molecular shift of the cdc25C protein in cells showing premature chromosome condensation (PCC), in addition to normal mitotic cells. This molecular-shift appeared depending on an activation of p34cdc2 kinase.  相似文献
8.
9.
To study the possible involvement of human T cell lymphotropic virus type I (HTLV-I)-related agent in Japanese multiple sclerosis (MS), we performed a Western blotting analysis, using purified viral antigens, on sera from 46 patients with MS, nine patients with other neurologic diseases, and 11 healthy controls. Of 46 MS patients, 11 (24%) had antibodies reactive with antigens corresponding to the group-specific antigen (gag) proteins (p15, p19, and p24), although the prevalence was lower than that reported in a recent study using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Despite the lower frequency of immunoreactivity, Western blotting technique had merits of identification of multiple antigens and higher specificity for detection of antibodies than ELISA. Those sero-positive patients consisted of four cases with IgG antibodies reactive mainly to the gag p24 and/or p15, four with IgM antibodies mainly to the gag p24 and/or p19, and three with both IgG and IgM antibodies. These immunostaining patterns of MS sera were clearly distinguishable from those of adult T cell leukemia patients who had antibodies to the envelope (env) proteins and its precursors in addition to the gag proteins. The antibody in MS sera was generally of low titer and reactive at a high serum concentration (1/10 dilution). None of the sera from patients with other neurologic diseases and healthy controls had the viral antibodies. These findings indicate that at least one quarter of Japanese MS patients have antibody responses to a hitherto unidentified agent related to HTLV-I, which possibly plays a part, primarily or secondarily, in the pathogenesis of those patients.  相似文献
10.
Huang, L., Ogushi, F., Tani, K., Ogawa, H., Kawano, T., Endo, T., Izumi, K., Ueno, J., Nishitani, H. and Sone, S. Thrombin Promotes Fibroblast Proliferation during the Early Stages of Experimental Radiation Pneumonitis. Radiat. Res. 156, 45-52 (2001).To clarify the role of thrombin in the pathogenesis of radiation-induced pneumonitis, we measured the thrombin activity and fibroblast growth-inducing activity in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid obtained from the irradiated lungs of rats at 1, 2, 4, 8 and 18 weeks after irradiation. Thrombin activity was not detected in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid from unirradiated rats, but the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid from irradiated rats showed significantly increased thrombin activity which reached a maximum at 4 weeks after treatment. Higher fibroblast growth-inducing activity was detected in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid from irradiated rats at 4 and 18 weeks than in fluid from unirradiated rats. Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid from irradiated rats that were pretreated with the thrombin inhibitors antithrombin III and argatroban showed significantly inhibited fibroblast growth-inducing activity and thrombin activity at 4 weeks. However, these thrombin inhibitors did not inhibit fibroblast growth-inducing activity in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid from irradiated rats at 18 weeks. Purified rat thrombin similarly induced proliferation of fibroblasts derived from irradiated and unirradiated rats. These findings suggest that thrombin may play an important role as a fibroblast growth-inducing factor during the early stages of radiation pneumonitis.  相似文献
设为首页 | 免责声明 | 关于勤云 | 加入收藏

Copyright©北京勤云科技发展有限公司  京ICP备09084417号