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1.
Integration of murine leukemia virus DNA depends on mitosis.   总被引:42,自引:4,他引:38       下载免费PDF全文
T Roe  T C Reynolds  G Yu    P O Brown 《The EMBO journal》1993,12(5):2099-2108
In synchronized rat or mouse cells infected with Moloney murine leukemia virus (MLV), integration of viral DNA and production of viral proteins occur only after the cells traverse mitosis. Integration is blocked when cells are prevented from progressing through mitosis. Viral nucleoprotein complexes isolated from arrested cells contain full-length viral DNA and can integrate this viral DNA in vitro, showing that the block to integration in arrested cells is not due to a lack of mature integration machinery. When infected cells traverse mitosis, there is a sharp increase in nuclear accumulation of viral DNA. The dependence of integration on mitosis may therefore be due to a requirement for mitosis and nuclear envelope breakdown for entry of the viral integration complex into the nucleus.  相似文献
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The cloning, expression, and function of the murine (m) homologue of human (h) monocyte-derived chemokine (MDC) is reported here. Like hMDC, mMDC is able to elicit the chemotactic migration in vitro of activated lymphocytes and monocytes. Among activated lymphocytes, Th2 cells were induced to migrate most efficiently. mMDC mRNA and protein expression is modulated during the course of an allergic reaction in the lung. Neutralization of mMDC with specific Abs in a model of lung inflammation resulted in prevention of airway hyperreactivity and significant reduction of eosinophils in the lung interstitium but not in the airway lumen. These data suggest that mMDC is essential in the transit/retention of leukocytes in the lung tissue rather than in their extravasation from the blood vessel or during their transepithelial migration into the airways. These results also highlight the relevance of factors, such as mMDC, that regulate the migration and accumulation of leukocytes within the tissue during the development of the key physiological endpoint of asthma, airway hyperreactivity.  相似文献
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seedling-vigor is important for crop establishment. There have been reported quantitative trait locus (QTL) analyses on seedling-vigor related morphological traits. However, physiological understanding of these detected QTLs is rather limited. In this study, we employed a recombinant inbred population to detect QTLs for seedling-vigor traits and physiological traits related to seedling-vigor. Germination rate and seedling growth were measured to quantify seedling-vigor. Total amylase activity, !-amylase activity, reducing sugar content, root activity and seed weight were determined. Correlations were observed between the seedling-vigor and physiological traits. QTL analysis reveals that the intervals of RG393-C1087-RZ403 on chromosome 3, C246-RM26-C1447 and R830-R3166-RG360-C734b on chromosome 5, and the interval of Waxy on chromosome 6 are the four main chromosomal regions controlling seedling-vigor. Several QTLs for amylase activities, reducing sugar content and root activity were localized in the similar regions as the QTLs for seedling-vigor. The results suggest that these traits were under the control of pleiotropic and/or closely linked QTLs. The implications of the results in the understanding of the physiological basis of seedling-vigor were discussed.  相似文献
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Lin CM  Koh S  Stacey G  Yu SM  Lin TY  Tsay YF 《Plant physiology》2000,122(2):379-388
Elucidating how rice (Oryza sativa) takes up nitrate at the molecular level could help improve the low recovery rate (<50%) of nitrogen fertilizer in rice paddies. As a first step toward that goal, we have cloned a nitrate transporter gene from rice called OsNRT1. OsNRT1 is a new member of a growing transporter family called PTR, which consists not only of nitrate transporters from higher plants that are homologs of the Arabidopsis CHL1 (AtNRT1) protein, but also peptide transporters from a wide variety of genera including animals, plants, fungi, and bacteria. However, despite the fact that OsNRT1 shares a higher degree of sequence identity with the two peptide transporters from plants (approximately 50%) than with the nitrate transporters (approximately 40%) of the PTR family, no peptide transport activity was observed when OsNRT1 was expressed in either Xenopus oocytes or yeast. Furthermore, contrasting the dual-affinity nitrate transport activity of CHL1, OsNRT1 displayed only low-affinity nitrate transport activity in Xenopus oocytes, with a K(m) value of approximately 9 mM. Northern-blot and in situ hybridization analysis indicated that OsNRT1 is constitutively expressed in the most external layer of the root, epidermis and root hair. These data strongly indicate that OsNRT1 encodes a constitutive component of a low-affinity nitrate uptake system for rice.  相似文献
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The use of genetically diverse resistance sources is important in breeding for durable disease resistance. Detection and evaluation of resistance genes by conventional inheritance experiments, however, often require laborious screening and genetic testing. In the present study, a marker-assisted screening for resistance sources was initiated in soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr] using one DNA microsatellite and two RFLP markers tightly linked to a soybean mosaic virus (SMV) resistance gene (Rsv1). The three marker loci were used to screen 67 diverse soybean cultivars, breeding lines, and plant introductions. Five variants were found at the microsatellite locus (HSP176L), and the two RFLP loci (pA186 and pK644a) near Rsv1 show a remarkably higher level of restriction polymorphism than Rsv1-independent RFLP loci. Several specific variants at the three marker loci were found to be correlated with virus resistance, among which HSP176L-2 can be detected by PCR, thus may be useful for germplasm screening. The grouping of the 67 accessions according to their multilocus marker variants agrees with the available pedigree information. When all, or most, of the cultivars within a given group with the same Rsv1-linked marker variant are resistant, their SMV resistance is most likely conferred by Rsv1. These putatively Rsv1-carrying groups contain a total of 38 SMV-resistant lines including six differential cultivars that are known to carry Rsv1. The remaining seven resistant accessions (Columbia, Holladay, Peking, Virginia, FFR-471, PI 507403, and PI 556949) do not carry resistance marker variants, and at least some of them could be sources of resistance genes independent of Rsv1.  相似文献
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We have established that, in mice receiving donor-specific immunization by the portal vein, the increased graft survival seen is associated with the increased expression of a molecule (OX-2) on a subpopulation of dendritic cells (DC), and polarization of cytokine production to type 2 cytokines on Ag-specific restimulation of cells from these mice. Furthermore, infusion of a mAb to OX-2 blocks both the increased graft survival and the altered cytokine production seen. We have constructed an immunoadhesin in which the extracellular domain of OX-2 is linked to the murine IgG2a Fc region, and we have expressed this molecule (OX-2:Fc) in a eukaryotic (baculovirus) expression system. Incubation of lymphocytes with 50 ng/ml OX-2:Fc inhibits a primary mixed lymphocyte reaction in vitro, as assayed by proliferation and induction of cytotoxic T cells, and also alters cytokine production with decreased IL-2 (IFN-gamma) production and increased IL-4 (IL-10) production. Similarly, in vivo infusion of OX-2:Fc promotes increased allo- and xenograft (both skin and renal grafts) survival and decreases the Ab response to sheep erythrocytes. Our data suggest this molecule might have clinical importance in allo- and xenotransplantation.  相似文献
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陈氏太极拳运动时血浆胰岛素,睾酮的变化   总被引:9,自引:0,他引:9  
陈氏太极拳运动时血浆胰岛素、睾酮的变化宛霞赵晓进于广丽(河南师范大学,新乡453002)陈氏太极拳运动对中,老年血浆胰岛素与睾酮含量的影响未见报导。作者测定了陈氏太极拳运动员赛前赛后血浆胰岛素和睾酮的含量,并同其他形式的运动员进行了比较。旨在探讨陈氏...  相似文献
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