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1.
The receptors for colony stimulating factor-1 (CSF-1), platelet derived growth factor and the c-kit protein tyrosine kinase (PTK) contain within their catalytic domains a stretch of 60-100 residues, largely unrelated in sequence, with no counterpart in other PTKs. Of the 64 amino acids within this kinase insert, 58 were deleted from the mouse CSF-1 receptor by oligonucleotide-directed mutagenesis. The mutant CSF-1 receptor was not markedly affected in its kinase activity, post-translational processing or its ability to induce autocrine transformation of NIH 3T3 mouse fibroblasts. Similarly, retention of kinase and transforming activities were observed following deletion of part or all of the kinase insert from the v-fms oncoprotein. The c- and v-fms kinase inserts were probed using monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies and were found to be highly antigenic. Two monoclonal antibodies raised to the v-fms cytoplasmic domain both recognized epitopes within the insert, and bound enzymatically active v-fms glycoproteins. These results indicate that the fms kinase insert is located on the surface of the protein and folds separately from the rest of the catalytic domain, but is not required for the biological activity of fms PTKs ectopically expressed in mouse fibroblasts. The insert may therefore play a specific function in cells such as monocytes and trophoblasts that normally express the CSF-1 receptor.  相似文献
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The structural gene (TMP1) for yeast thymidylate synthetase (thymidylate synthase; EC 2.1.1.45) was isolated from a chimeric plasmid bank by genetic complementation in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Retransformation of the dTMP auxotroph GY712 and a temperature-sensitive mutant (cdc21) with purified plasmid (pTL1) yielded Tmp+ transformants at high frequency. In addition, the plasmid was tested for the ability to complement a bacterial thyA mutant that lacks functional thymidylate synthetase. Although it was not possible to select Thy+ transformants directly, it was found that all pTL1 transformants were phenotypically Thy+ after several generations of growth in nonselective conditions. Thus, yeast thymidylate synthetase is biologically active in Escherichia coli. Thymidylate synthetase was assayed in yeast cell lysates by high-pressure liquid chromatography to monitor the conversion of [6-3H]dUMP to [6-3H]dTMP. In protein extracts from the thymidylate auxotroph (tmp1-6) enzymatic conversion of dUMP to dTMP was barely detectable. Lysates of pTL1 transformants of this strain, however, had thymidylate synthetase activity that was comparable to that of the wild-type strain.  相似文献
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The folate-sensitive fragile site FRAXE is located in proximal Xq28 of the human X chromosome and lies approximately 600 kb distal to the fragile X syndrome (FRAXA) fragile site at Xq27.3. The cytogenetic expression of FRAXE is thought to be associated with mental handicap, but this is usually mild compared to that of the more common fragile X syndrome that is associated with the expression of the FRAXA fragile site. The exact incidence of FRAXE mental retardation is uncertain. We describe here the results of a U.K. survey designed to assess the frequency of FRAXE in a population of individuals referred for fragile X syndrome testing and found to be negative for expansion events at the FRAXA locus. No FRAXE expansion events were found in 362 cytogenetically negative males studied, and one expansion event was identified in a sample of 534 males for whom cytogenetic analyses were either unrecorded or not performed. Further FRAXE expansion events were detected in two related females known to be cytogenetically positive for a fragile site in Xq27.3-28. To gain insight into the FRAXE phenotype, the clinical details of the identified FRAXE male plus three other FRAXE individuals identified through previous referrals for fragile X syndrome testing are presented. For the population studied, we conclude that FRAXE mental retardation is a relatively rare but significant form of mental retardation for which genetic diagnosis would be appropriate.  相似文献
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B. A. Kunz  G. R. Taylor    R. H. Haynes 《Genetics》1986,114(2):375-392
The biosynthesis of thymidylate in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae can be inhibited by antifolate drugs. We have found that antifolate treatment enhances the formation of leucine prototrophs in a haploid strain of yeast carrying, on the same chromosome, two different mutant leu2 alleles separated by Escherichia coli plasmid sequences. That this effect is a consequence of thymine nucleotide depletion was verified by the finding that provision of exogenous thymidylate eliminates the increased production of Leu+ colonies. DNA hybridization analysis revealed that recombination, including reciprocal exchange, gene conversion and unequal sister-chromatid crossing over, between the duplicated genes gave rise to the induced Leu+ segregants. Although gene conversion unaccompanied by crossing over was responsible for the major fraction of leucine prototrophs, events involving reciprocal exchange exhibited the largest increase in frequency. These data show that recombination is induced between directly repeated DNA sequences under conditions of thymine nucleotide depletion. In addition, the results of this and previous studies are consistent with the possibility that inhibition of thymidylate biosynthesis in yeast may create a metabolic condition that provokes all forms of mitotic recombination.  相似文献
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Whilst chemical cleavage of mismatch (CCM) detects all point mutations in DNA, its widespread use has been hampered by the complex multistage methodology and the need for toxic chemicals, in particular osmium tetroxide. Here we show that osmium tetroxide can be replaced by potassium permanganate, giving the same spectrum of mutation detection, but with greater sensitivity. The use of potassium permanganate is compatible with solid phase capture and fluorescent detection, giving a safer method of mutation detection. We present here a comparison of CCM with osmium tetroxide and with potassium permanganate, tested on a complete set of single base pair mismatches and a number of small insertion/deletions.  相似文献
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A male child, maintained in a controlled environment, was monitored each month for bacteria, yeasts, and filamentous fungi recovered from the mouth, nasal passages, feces, and nine body surface sites. Three natural microbial categories became apparent. Incident microorganisms were recovered from within the isolator but did not establish permanent residence. Of the 53 incident types isolated, 20 were filamentous fungi and 4 were yeasts. Some genera, such as Fusobacterium, Lactobacillus, Neisseria, and Rothia, which were commonly found in the reference group, did not become permanent inhabitants. Transient microorganisms were repeatedly recovered but could not be demonstrated within the isolated environment at the end of the study. The loss of only a few of the 19 transient species could be associated with antimicrobial therapy. Permanent microorganisms consisted of Pencillium citrinum and 17 bacterial types, of which alpha-hemolytic streptococci, Staphylococcus edpidermidis subgroups II and V, Micrococcus groups 1 and 2, Clostridium bifermentans, and Propionibacterium acnes were recovered throughout the entire 9 years of the study. The number of CFUs recovered from each sample type was generally not unlike that from the reference group of healthy male adults. Also, the number of different aerobic species recovered from the feces was within the normal range of that of the reference group. In contrast, the number of different species recovered from all other samples was less than that commonly found in the reference group.  相似文献
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Continuous Dispenser for Multiple-Well Serological Plate   总被引:2,自引:1,他引:1       下载免费PDF全文
Materials and methods are described for the construction of an inexpensive multiple-well dispensing apparatus for use in serological microtitration.  相似文献
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