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We have examined the interaction between the platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) receptor and three src family tyrosine kinases, pp60c-src, p59fyn, and pp62c-yes. The kinase activities of all three enzymes were elevated after PDGF stimulation of quiescent fibroblasts, coincident with association of the src family kinases with the PDGF receptor and other proteins. The presence of a protein of 81-85 kd in these complexes correlated with the detection of phosphatidylinositol (PI) kinase activity (previously described to associate with both the PDGF receptor and pp60c-src-middle T antigen). These results suggest that the physiological response to PDGF involves interaction of the receptor not only with serine/threonine and lipid kinases and a phospholipase, but also with other tyrosine kinases.  相似文献
2.
Associated with the middle T antigen of polyomavirus is a novel phosphatidylinositol (PtdIns) kinase activity which phosphorylates PtdIns at the D-3 position of the inositol ring. We have undertaken an analysis of myo-[3H]inositol-containing compounds in a panel of NIH 3T3 cell lines stably transfected with transforming and nontransforming middle T antigen mutants. All cell lines from which PtdIns 3-kinase activity coprecipitated with middle T antigen exhibited modestly elevated levels of PtdIns(3)P and compounds with predicted PtdIns(3,4)P2 and PtdIns(3,4,5)P3 structures. Complex formation between middle T antigen and PtdIns 3-kinase correlated not with an increase in total inositol phosphate levels but rather with elevated levels of InsP2 and InsP4. A specific increase in the level of an InsP2 species which comigrated in high-pressure liquid chromatography analysis with Ins(3,4)P2 was observed. These results suggest that association of the polyomavirus middle T antigen with PtdIns 3-kinase activates a distinct inositol metabolic pathway.  相似文献
3.
Two cellular proteins of 36 and 63 kDa which bind the small T and middle T antigens of polyomavirus recently have been identified as the catalytic and regulatory subunits of the phosphoserine/threonine-specific type 2A protein phosphatase (PP2A). We report here the presence of phosphoseryl phosphatase activity associated with polyomavirus small T and middle T antigens in immunoprecipitates prepared from virus-infected and transformed cells. Phosphatase activity was also found associated with middle T-antigen mutants, some of which had been defined previously to associate with 36- and 63-kDa cellular proteins. Middle T-antigen-associated phosphatase activity was sensitive to okadaic acid and microcystin-LR, inhibitors of PP2A, and insensitive to inhibitor 1 or 2, orthovanadate, or EDTA. Using antiserum specific for the catalytic subunit of PP2A, we found that unlike the majority of PP2A, middle T-antigen-bound PP2A was membrane associated. However, no gross change in the amount, activity, or localization of PP2A could be attributed to middle T-antigen expression in transformed cells. Anti-PP2A antibodies coprecipitated a 63-kDa protein from normal cells and in addition coprecipitated middle T antigen, 60- and 61-kDa proteins (identified as src family members), and an 81-kDa protein from middle T-antigen-transformed cells. Furthermore, we detected protein kinase activity in PP2A immunoprecipitates and protein phosphatase activity in src immune complexes from extracts of middle T-antigen-transformed, but not normal, cells. These results reinforce the notion that at least a portion of middle T antigen bridges a protein kinase with a protein phosphatase.  相似文献
4.
Infection of chick-embryo fibroblasts and other cells by certain animal viruses results in alterations in the intracellular concentrations of Na+ and K+. Dramatic alterations in monovalent-cation concentrations of lytic-virus-infected cells may favor the synthesis of viral proteins over cellular proteins. More subtle alterations in retrovirus-transformed cells may result in the expression of many morphological and biochemical changes associated with the transformed phenotype.  相似文献
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