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Isopentenyl adenosine antibodies useful in the investigations of the "cytokinin" functions of isopentenyl adenosine were purified by affinity chromatography. Using different affinity columns, the antibodies were purified to near complete purity. Analyses of the purified proteins revealed the presence of isopentenyl adenosine binding proteins in normal rabbit serum, which presence supports a suggested role for isopentenyl adenosine and its related compounds in animal cell division in vivo.  相似文献
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The nucleotide sequence of a proline tRNA (anticodon UGG) from cucumber chloroplasts has been determined. The sequence is: pAAGGAUGUAGCGCAGCUUCA-DAGCGCAψUUGUUUUGGNψFACAAAAUmsu7GUCACGGGTψCAAAUCCUGUCAUCCUUACCAOH. It shows 93% homology with spinach chloroplast tRNAPro (UGG) and 72% homology with bean mitochondrial tRNAPro (UGG), the other two known plant organellar tRNAsPro.  相似文献
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The effect of light on nucleotide modifications in the tRNA of cucumber (Cucumis sativus L. var. Guntur) cotyledons was studied by chromatographic, electrophoretic and immunological methods. The tRNA from light-grown tissue showed the absence of 2-methylguanosine and a decrease in the relative proportions of ribothymidine and cytokinin-active ribonucleosides when compared to those produced from dark-grown tissue. On the other hand, a significant amount of one species of 2′-O-methyldinucleotide was observed in the tRNA of light-grown tissue which was not detected in the dark-grown tissue. Also, tRNA from light-grown tissue had higher levels of another species of 2′-O-methyldinucleotide. The results showed no difference in the amounts of other modified nucleosides in tRNA between tissues grown under the two conditions. 2′-O-Methyl-l-methyladenosine, a nucleotide modified both in the base and the ribose, apparently specific to plant tRNAs, has been found to be present in the RNA of both light- and dark-grown tissues. These results on the variation in modified nucleotides suggest that light has some role in nucleotide modification and, consequently, in cellular functions.  相似文献
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A versatile affinity matrix in which the ligand of interest is linked to the matrix through a connector arm containing a disulfide bond is described. It can be synthesized from any amino-substituted matrix by successive reaction with 2-imino-thiolane, 5,5'-dithiobis(2-nitrobenzoic acid), and a thiol derivative of the ligand of choice. The repertoire of ligands can be significantly increased by the appropriate use of avidin-biotin bridges. After adsorption of the material to be fractionated, elution can be effected by reducing the disulfide bond in the connector arm with dithiothreitol. Examples of the preparation and use of various affinity matrices based on amino-substituted Sepharose 6MB are given. One involves the immobilization of the Fab' fragment of a monoclonal antibody against Aspergillus oryzae beta-galactosidase and the specific binding of that enzyme to the resulting immunoaffinity matrix. Another involves the immobilization of N-biotinyl-2-thioethylamine followed by complex formation with avidin. The resulting avidin-substituted matrix was used for the selective adsorption and subsequent recovery of mouse hybridoma cells producing anti-avidin antibodies. By further complexing the avidin-substituted matrix with appropriate biotinylated antigens, it should be possible to fractionate cells producing antibodies against a variety of antigens.  相似文献
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Antibodies specific for 1-methylguanosine (m1G) were produced by immunization of rabbits with a bovine serum albumin conjugate of m1G. Antibodies specificity was determined by measuring the inhibition of binding of 3H-m1G trialcohol by various nucleosides or related derivatives. The relative affinities of the unpurified antibodies for various nucleosides showed that m1G trialcohol had an 8-fold higher affinity than m1G; further, guanosine and 2'-O-methylguanosine had at least a 500-fold lower affinity than m1G. The antibodies were purified on m1G-AH-Sepharose column and subsequently immobilized to Sepharose. Immobilized m1G antibodies quantitatively and exclusively retained m1G-containing oligonucleotides derived from ribonuclease A digests of 32P-labeled phage T4 tRNAPro. On the other hand, intact 32P-labeled T4 tRNAPro or its precursor RNA(s) did not bind to the same column. These findings indicate that at least a portion of m1G adjacent to the 3' end of the anticodon in intact T4 tRNAPro is not accessible for antibody binding.  相似文献
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Antibodies specific for N6-(delta 2-isopentenyl) adenosine (i6A) were immobilized on Sepharose and this adsorbent (Sepharose-anti-i6A) was used to selectively isolate bacteriophage T4 tRNA precursors containing i6A/ms2i6A from an unfractionated population of 32P-labeled T4 RNAs. The results showed that antibodies to i6A selectively bound only those tRNA precursors containing i6A/ms2i6A. Binding of tRNA precursors by antibody and specificity of the binding was assessed by membrane binding using 32P-labeled tRNA precursor. Binding was highly specific for i6A/ms2i6A residues in the tRNA precursors. This binding can be used to separate modified from unmodified precursor RNAs and to study the biosynthetic pathways of tRNA precursors.  相似文献
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A cytokinin-binding protein fraction was isolated from normal rabbit sera by affinity chromatography. The protein fraction bound tritium labelled N6- (δ2-risopentenyl) adenosine and the order of inhibition of this binding by competing non-radioactive compounds was, N6-(δ2-isopentenyl) adenosine < N6-benzyIadenosine < zeatin-riboside > N6-(δ2-isopentenyl) adenine < kinetin riboside > adenosine. The protein fraction showed broad specificity, the prefered cytokinin being N6-(δ2-isopentenyl) adenosine. This is the first report of the isolation of cytokinin binding proteins from mammalian sources.  相似文献
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