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The role of zinc in reproduction   总被引:6,自引:0,他引:6  
Zinc is a very important element in the reproductive cycle of species. In humans, it is necessary for the formation and maturation of spermatozoa, for ovulation, and for fertilization. During pregnancy, zinc deficiency causes a number of anomalies: spontaneous abortion, pregnancy-related toxemia, extended pregnancy or prematurity, malformations, and retarded growth. Delivery is adversely affected by deficiency. These different effects of zinc can be explained by its multiple action on the metabolism of androgen hormones, estrogen and progesterone, together with the prostaglandins. Nuclear receptors for steroids are all zinc finger proteins. Zinc supplementation has already proven beneficial in male sterility and in reducing complications during pregnancy. However, it would be worth conducting larger-scale trials to confirm these beneficial effects.  相似文献
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Zinc deficiency impairs the metabolism of thyroid hormones, androgens, and above all growth hormones. In view of their important role in growth, it is not surprising to find growth disorders associated with zinc deficiency. Stunted growth linked to zinc deficiency is found during gestation, and also in the newborn and children up to adolescence. Depending on the country, 5–30% of children suffer from moderate zinc deficiency, responsible for small-for-age height. Zinc supplementation has proven effective in many studies, mainly in children where zinc deficiency has first been found. Finally, zinc supplementation makes it possible in certain cases to overcome resistance to growth hormone treatment.  相似文献
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