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1.
H Aiba  S Fujimoto    N Ozaki 《Nucleic acids research》1982,10(4):1345-1361
The crp gene of E. coli, which codes for cAMP receptor protein (CRP), has been cloned in the plasmid pBR322 on the basis of a genetic complementation. One of the recombinant plasmids, pHA1, was shown to direct the synthesis of CRP in a cell-free system. The location of the crp gene was determined by constructing subclones carrying various portions of pHA1. The nucleotide sequence of the crp gene has been determined. The coding region consists of 627 base pairs (bp), which specify a protein of 209 amino acids. The predicted amino acid sequence from the DNA sequence is consistent with the amino acid sequence partially known and the amino acid composition of CRP. After the coding region, there is a G-C rich inverted repeat sequence followed by a run of Ts, which could be a terminator of the crp gene. A possible promoter sequence was found about 180 bp upstream from the initiation codon and was shown to act as a promoter in vitro and in vivo. There are two dyad symmetry regions in a 167 bp leader sequence.  相似文献
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By using plasmid pMB9, penicillinase genes (penP and penI) from both the wild-type and constitutive strains of Bacillus licheniformis 9945A were cloned in EScherichia coli. When a low-copy-number plasmid was used, both wild-type and constitutive penicillinase genes could be transferred into Bacillus subtilis. However, when a high-copy-number plasmid was used, only the genes of the wild type could be transferred. These recombinant plasmids in B. subtilis could all be transferred by the protoplast transformation procedure into B. licheniformis. Transformants of E. coli were resistant to ampicillin (20 micrograms/ml) in spite of the low penicillinase activities (7 U/mg of cells). However, transformants of B. subtilis and B. licheniformis were sensitive to ampicillin (20 micrograms/ml) even in high penicillinase activities (more than 10,000 U/mg of cells). The secretion of penicillinase was rarely observed in E. coli. In contrast, penicillinases secreted from transformants of B. subtilis and B. licheniformis were around 30 and 60% of the total activities, respectively. We took advantage of the plasmids to permit the construction of hetero- and mero-polyploid structures in host cells, and we discuss a regulatory mechanism of penicillinase synthesis in B. licheniformis.  相似文献
4.
The thermostable neutral protease gene nprT of Bacillus stearothermophilus was sequenced. The DNA sequence revealed only one large open reading frame, composed of 1,644 bases and 548 amino acid residues. A Shine-Dalgarno sequence was found 9 bases upstream from the translation start site (ATG), and the deduced amino acid sequence contained a signal sequence in its amino-terminal region. The sequence of the first 14 amino acids of purified extracellular protease completely matched that deduced from the DNA sequence starting at GTC (Val), 687 bases (229 amino acids) downstream from ATG. This suggests that the protease is translated as a longer polypeptide. The amino acid sequence of the extracellular form of this protease (319 amino acids) was highly homologous to that of the thermostable neutral protease from Bacillus thermoproteolyticus but less homologous to the thermolabile neutral protease from Bacillus subtilis. A promoter region determined by S1 nuclease mapping (TTTTCC for the -35 region and TATTTT for the -10 region) was different from the conserved promoter sequences recognized by the known or factors in bacilli. However, it was very homologous to the promoter sequence of the spo0B gene from B. subtilis. The guanine-plus-cytosine content of the coding region of the nprT gene was 58 mol%, while that of the third letter of the codons was much higher (72 mol%).  相似文献
5.
Previously, the transfer of the phosphoryl group between the EnvZ and OmpR proteins, which are involved in activation of the ompF and ompC genes in response to the medium osmolarity, has been demonstrated in vitro. In this study, we characterized mutant EnvZ and OmpR proteins in terms of their in vitro phosphorylation and dephosphorylation. The proteins isolated from the mutants, envZ11 and ompR3, were found to be defective in seemingly the same aspect, i.e. OmpR dephosphorylation. The protein isolated from the ompR77 mutant, which is a suppressor mutant specific for envZ11, was found to be defective in another aspect, i.e. OmpR phosphorylation. These results imply that the phosphotransfer reactions observed in vitro play roles in the mechanism underlying the osmoregulatory expression of the ompF and ompC genes in vivo. We provide evidence that the EnvZ protein is involved not only in OmpR phosphorylation but also in OmpR dephosphorylation.  相似文献
6.
Preparation of chitooligosaccharides from chitosan by a complex enzyme   总被引:29,自引:0,他引:29  
Zhang H  Du Y  Yu X  Mitsutomi M  Aiba S 《Carbohydrate research》1999,320(3-4):257-260
Chitosan of 24% degree of acetylation was depolymerized by a mixture of cellulase, alpha amylase, and proteinase to give the title oligosaccharides. The removal of products by membrane separation permitted yield maximization of products having degree of polymerization in the 3–10 range.  相似文献
7.
Ten plasmids were isolated as covalently closed circular deoxyribonucleic acid from antibiotic-resistant thermophilic bacteria. Of the 10 plasmids tested, 2 could transform Bacillus subtilis, yielding resistance to specific antibiotics. Plasmid pTB20 (2.8 X 10(6) daltons, approximately 24 copies per chromosome) specifies resistance to tetracycline (Tcr), whereas pTB19 (17.2 X 10(6) daltons, approximately 1 copy per chromosome) renders the host resistant to both kanamycin and tetracycline (KMrTcr). Three plasmids were not self-transmissible. The restriction endonuclease cleavage maps of the two plasmids, pTB19 and pTB20, were constructed. pTB19 and pTB20, both of which were originally isolated from thermophilic bacilli, were tested for stability in B. subtilis. Digestion of pTB19 followed by ligation yielded deletion plasmids pTB512 (Kmr), pTB52 (Tcr), and pTB53 (KmrTcr). Determinants of Kmr, Tcr, and DNA replication were associated with EcoRI fragments R1b (4.2 X 10(6) daltons), R3 (2.8 X 10(6) daltons), and R1a (4.2 X 10(6) daltons), respectively. Restriction endonuclease cleavage maps of pTB51, pTB52, and pTB53 were constructed. Tetracycline resistance of pTB20 was confirmed to be in the EcoRI fragment (1.85 X 10(6) daltons).  相似文献
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The product of a kanamycin resistance gene encoded by plasmid pTB913 isolated from a thermophilic bacillus was identified as a kanamycin nucleotidyltransferase which is similar to that encoded by plasmid pUB110 from a mesophile, Staphylococcus aureus. The enzyme encoded by pTB913 was more thermostable than that encoded by pUB110. In view of a close resemblance of restriction endonuclease cleavage maps around the BglII site in the structural genes of both enzymes, ca. 1,200 base pairs were sequenced, followed by amino-terminal amino acid sequencing of the enzyme. The two nucleotide sequences were found to be identical to each other except for only one base in the midst of the structural gene. Each structural gene, initiating from a GUG codon as methionine, was composed of 759 base pairs and 253 amino acid residues (molecular weight, ca. 29,000). The sole difference was transversion from a cytosine (pUB110) to an adenine (pTB913) at a position + 389, counting the first base of the initiation codon as + 1. That is, a threonine at position 130 for the pUB110-coded kanamycin nucleotidyltransferase was replaced by a lysine for the pTB913-coded enzyme. The difference in thermostability between the two enzymes caused by a single amino acid replacement is discussed in light of electrostatic effects.  相似文献
10.
A thermophilic bacterium Bacillus stearothermophilus IFO 12550 (ATCC 12980) was transformed with each of the following plasmids, pUB110 (kanamycin resistance, Kmr), pTB19 (Kmr and tetracycline resistance [Tcr]), and its derivative pTB90 (Kmr Tcr), by the protoplast procedure in the presence of polyethylene glycol at 48 degrees C. The transformation frequencies per regenerant for pUB110, pTB19, and pTB90 were 5.9 x 10(-3), 5.5 x 10(-3), and 2.0 x 10(-1), respectively. Among these plasmids, pTB90 was newly derived, and the restriction endonuclease cleavage map was constructed. When tetracycline (5 micrograms/ml) was added into the culture medium, the copy number of pTB90 in B. stearothermophilus was about fourfold higher than that when kanamycin (5 micrograms/ml) was added instead of tetracycline. Bacillus subtilis could also be transformed with the plasmids extracted from B. stearothermophilus and vice versa. Accordingly, pUB110, pTB19, and pTB90 served as shuttle vectors between B. stearothermophilus and B. subtilis. The requirements for replication of pTB19 in B. subtilis and B. stearothermophilus appear to be different, because some deletion plasmids (pTB51, pTB52, and pTB53) derived from pTB19 could replicate only in B. subtilis, whereas another deletion plasmid pTB92 could replicate solely in B. stearothermophilus. Plasmids pTB19 and pTB90 could be maintained and expressed in B. stearothermophilus up to 65 degrees C, whereas the expression of pUB110 in the same strain was up to 55 degrees C.  相似文献
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