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1.
R D Gietz  A Sugino 《Gene》1988,74(2):527-534
We describe the production of new alleles of the LEU2, URA3 and TRP1 genes of Saccharomyces cerevisiae by in vitro mutagenesis. Each new allele, which lacks restriction enzyme recognition sequences found in the pUC19 multicloning site, was used to construct a unique series of yeast-Escherichia coli shuttle vectors derived from the plasmid pUC19. For each gene a 2 mu vector (YEplac), an ARS1 CEN4 vector (YCplac) and an integrative vector (YIplac) was constructed. The features of these vectors include (i) small size; (ii) unique recognition site for each restriction enzyme found in the pUC19 multicloning site; (iii) screening for plasmids containing inserts by color assay; (iv) high plasmid yield; (v) efficient transformation of S. cerevisiae. These vectors should allow greater flexibility with regard to DNA restriction fragment manipulation and subcloning.  相似文献
2.
A third essential DNA polymerase in S. cerevisiae   总被引:52,自引:0,他引:52  
A Morrison  H Araki  A B Clark  R K Hamatake  A Sugino 《Cell》1990,62(6):1143-1151
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The intrinsic ATPase of DNA gyrase   总被引:28,自引:0,他引:28  
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Several Saccharomyces cerevisiae dbf mutants defective in DNA synthesis have been described previously. In this paper, one of them, dbf2, is characterized in detail. The DBF2 gene has been cloned and mapped, and its nucleotide sequence has been determined. This process has identified an open reading frame capable of encoding a protein of molecular weight 64,883 (561 amino acids). The deduced amino acid sequence contains all 11 conserved domains found in various protein kinases. DBF2 was periodically expressed in the cell cycle at a time that clearly differed from the time of expression of either the histone H2A or DNA polymerase I gene. Its first function was completed very near to initiation of DNA synthesis. However, DNA synthesis in the mutant was only delayed at 37 degrees C, and the cells blocked in nuclear division. Consistent with this finding, the execution point occurred about 1 h after DNA synthesis, and the nuclear morphology of the mutant at the restrictive temperature was that of cells blocked in late nuclear division. DBF2 is therefore likely to encode a protein kinase that may function in initiation of DNA synthesis and also in late nuclear division.  相似文献
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We have purified to homogeneity an activity from mitotic cell extracts of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, which promotes the transfer of a strand from a duplex linear DNA molecule to a complementary circular single strand. This activity does not require any nucleotide cofactor and is greatly stimulated by yeast single-stranded DNA-binding protein. It consists of a single polypeptide of an apparent molecular mass of 180 kDa as determined by SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. This activity, which we call DNA strand transfer protein beta (STP beta), has reaction properties similar to those of DNA strand transfer protein alpha (STP alpha) purified from crude extracts of yeast meiotic cells (Sugino, A., Nitiss, J., and Resnick, M. A. (1988) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 85, 3683-3687). However, STP beta differs from STP alpha in its molecular weight and column chromatographic behavior as well as by immunological comparison. Furthermore, the STP beta polypeptide remains in cells in which the STP alpha gene has been disrupted. Thus, we conclude the STP beta activity is encoded by a gene different from that for STP alpha. Although STP beta was isolated from mitotic cells, the amount of STP beta increases severalfold during meiosis. STP beta also appears to differ in molecular weight from similar activities described by other groups and may be an intact form of their activities.  相似文献
8.
The gene encoding the 180-kDa DNA strand transfer protein beta from the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae was identified and sequenced. This gene, DST2 (DNA strand transferase 2), was located on chromosome VII. dst2 gene disruption mutants exhibited temperature-sensitive sporulation and a 50% longer generation time during vegetative growth than did the wild type. Spontaneous mitotic recombination in the mutants was reduced severalfold for both intrachromosomal recombination and intragenic gene conversion. The mutants also had reduced levels of the intragenic recombination that is induced during meiosis. Meiotic recombinants were, however, somewhat unstable in the mutants, with a decrease in recombinants and survival upon prolonged incubation in sporulation media. spo13 or spo13 rad50 mutations did not relieve the sporulation defect of dst2 mutations. A dst1 dst2 double mutant has the same phenotype as a dst2 single mutant. All phenotypes associated with the dst2 mutations could be complemented by a plasmid containing DST2.  相似文献
9.
J H Toyn  H Araki  A Sugino  L H Johnston 《Gene》1991,104(1):63-70
The budding yeast cell-cycle gene, DBF2, encoding a putative protein kinase, was shown to have a homologue, designated DBF20. This gene was cloned, sequenced, and confirmed to be highly homologous to DBF2, with over 80% identity in the 490 most C-terminal amino acid residues. Either gene could be deleted by itself, but deletion of both genes simultaneously was lethal, indicating that they are redundant for at least one vital function in yeast. In contrast to the DBF2 mRNA, which is expressed under cell-cycle control at or near START [Johnston et al., Mol. Cell. Biol. 10 (1990) 1358-1366], the DBF20 mRNA is expressed at a low level and not under cell-cycle control. Assuming there is no translational control, the differential expression of the mRNAs would result in a cell-cycle fluctuation of the relative levels of the gene products, which may constitute a novel form of regulation.  相似文献
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