首页 | 本学科首页   官方微博 | 高级检索  
文章检索
  按 检索   检索词:      
出版年份:   被引次数:   他引次数: 提示:输入*表示无穷大
  收费全文   8篇
  完全免费   7篇
  1994年   1篇
  1992年   1篇
  1991年   1篇
  1990年   2篇
  1989年   1篇
  1988年   2篇
  1987年   3篇
  1986年   2篇
  1979年   2篇
排序方式: 共有15条查询结果,搜索用时 27 毫秒
1.
Intact ribonucleic acid (RNA) has been prepared from tissues rich in ribonuclease such as the rat pancreas by efficient homogenization in a 4 M solution of the potent protein denaturant guanidinium thiocyanate plus 0.1 M 2-mercaptoethanol to break protein disulfide bonds. The RNA was isolated free of protein by ethanol precipitation or by sedimentation through cesium chloride. Rat pancreas RNA obtained by these means has been used as a source for the purification of alpha-amylase messenger ribonucleic acid.  相似文献
2.
The genes coding for the large and small subunits of the periplasmic hydrogenase from Desulfovibrio baculatus have been cloned and sequenced. The genes are arranged in an operon with the small subunit gene preceding the large subunit gene. The small subunit gene codes for a 32 amino acid leader sequence supporting the periplasmic localization of the protein, however no ferredoxin-like or other characteristic iron-sulfur coordination sites were observed. The periplasmic hydrogenases from D. baculatus (an NiFeSe protein) and D. vulgaris (an Fe protein) exhibit no homology suggesting that they are structurally different, unrelated entities.  相似文献
3.
DNA encompassing the structural genes of an Escherichia coli [NiFe] hydrogenase has been cloned and sequenced. The genes were identified as those encoding the large and small subunits of hydrogenase isozyme 1 based on NH2-terminal sequences of purified subunits (kindly provided by K. Francis and K. T. Shanmugam). The structural genes formed part of a putative operon that contained four additional open reading frames. We have designated the operon hya and the six open reading frames hyaA through F. hyaA and hyaB encode the small and large structural subunits, respectively. The nucleotide-derived amino acid sequence of hyaC has a calculated molecular mass of 27.6 kilodaltons, contains 20% aromatic residues, and has four potential membrane-spanning regions. Open reading frames hyaD through F could encode polypeptides of 21.5, 14.9, and 31.5 kilodaltons, respectively. These putative peptides have no homology to other reported protein sequences, and their functions are unknown.  相似文献
4.
The nucleotide sequences encoding the [NiFe] hydrogenase from Desulfovibrio gigas and the [NiFeSe] hydrogenase from Desulfovibrio baculatus (N.K. Menon, H.D. Peck, Jr., J. LeGall, and A.E. Przybyla, J. Bacteriol. 169:5401-5407, 1987; C. Li, H.D. Peck, Jr., J. LeGall, and A.E. Przybyla, DNA 6:539-551, 1987) were analyzed by the codon usage method of Staden and McLachlan. The reported reading frames were found to contain regions of low codon probability which are matched by more probable sequences in other frames. Renewed nucleotide sequencing showed the probable frames to be correct. The corrected sequences of the two small and large subunits share a significant degree of sequence homology. The small subunit, which contains 10 conserved cysteine residues, is likely to coordinate at least 2 iron-sulfur clusters, while the finding of a selenocysteine codon (TGA) near the 3' end of the [NiFeSe] large-subunit gene matched by a regular cysteine codon (TGC) in the [NiFe] large-subunit gene indicates the presence of some of the ligands to the active-site nickel in the large subunit.  相似文献
5.
Deletion mutants of Escherichia coli specific for hydrogenase isoenzyme 1 (HYD1) have been constructed and characterized. The hya operon, which contains genes for the two HYD1 structural subunits and four additional genes, was mapped at 22 min on the E. coli chromosome. The total hydrogenase activities of the HYD1-negative mutant and wild-type strains were similar. However, the formate dehydrogenase activity associated with the formate hydrogen lyase pathway was lower in the mutant. The hya mutant (strain AP1), complemented with only the hydrogenase structural genes (hyaAB), produced antigenically identifiable but inactive HYD1 protein. The first five genes of hya (hyaA to hyaE) were required for the synthesis of active HYD1, but wild-type levels of HYD1 activity were restored only when mutant cells were transformed with all six genes of the operon. When AP1 was complemented with hya carried on a high-copy-number plasmid, the HYD1 structural subunits were overexpressed, but the excess protein was unprocessed and localized in the soluble fraction of the cell. The products of hyaDEF are postulated to be involved in the processing of nascent structural subunits (HYAA and HYAB). This processing takes place only after the subunits are inserted into the cell membrane. It is concluded that the biosynthesis of active HYD1 is a complex biochemical process involving the cellular localization and processing of nascent structural subunits, which are in turn dependent on the insertion of nickel into the nascent HYD1 large subunit.  相似文献
6.
Three types of hydrogenases have been isolated from the sulfate-reducing bacteria of the genus Desulfovibrio. They differ in their subunit and metal compositions, physico-chemical characteristics, amino acid sequences, immunological reactivities, gene structures and their catalytic properties. Broadly, the hydrogenases can be considered as 'iron only' hydrogenases and nickel-containing hydrogenases. The iron-sulfur-containing hydrogenase ([Fe] hydrogenase) contains two ferredoxin-type (4Fe-4S) clusters and an atypical iron-sulfur center believed to be involved in the activation of H2. The [Fe] hydrogenase has the highest specific activity in the evolution and consumption of hydrogen and in the proton-deuterium exchange reaction and this enzyme is the most sensitive to CO and NO2-. It is not present in all species of Desulfovibrio. The nickel-(iron-sulfur)-containing hydrogenases [( NiFe] hydrogenases) possess two (4Fe-4S) centers and one (3Fe-xS) cluster in addition to nickel and have been found in all species of Desulfovibrio so far investigated. The redox active nickel is ligated by at least two cysteinyl thiolate residues and the [NiFe] hydrogenases are particularly resistant to inhibitors such as CO and NO2-. The genes encoding the large and small subunits of a periplasmic and a membrane-bound species of the [NiFe] hydrogenase have been cloned in Escherichia (E.) coli and sequenced. Their derived amino acid sequences exhibit a high degree of homology (70%); however, they show no obvious metal-binding sites or homology with the derived amino acid sequence of the [Fe] hydrogenase. The third class is represented by the nickel-(iron-sulfur)-selenium-containing hydrogenases [( NiFe-Se] hydrogenases) which contain nickel and selenium in equimolecular amounts plus (4Fe-4S) centers and are only found in some species of Desulfovibrio. The genes encoding the large and small subunits of the periplasmic hydrogenase from Desulfovibrio (D.) baculatus (DSM 1743) have been cloned in E. coli and sequenced. The derived amino acid sequence exhibits homology (40%) with the sequence of the [NiFe] hydrogenase and the carboxy-terminus of the gene for the large subunit contains a codon (TGA) for selenocysteine in a position homologous to a codon (TGC) for cysteine in the large subunit of the [NiFe] hydrogenase. EXAFS and EPR studies with the 77Se-enriched D. baculatus hydrogenase indicate that selenium is a ligand to nickel and suggest that the redox active nickel is ligated by at least two cysteinyl thiolate and one selenocysteine selenolate residues.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)  相似文献
7.
8.
Identification of three classes of hydrogenase in the genus, Desulfovibrio   总被引:5,自引:0,他引:5  
A comparison of amino-terminal amino acid sequences from the large and small subunits of hydrogenases from Desulfovibrio reveals significant differences. These results, in conjunction with antibody analyses, clearly indicate that the iron, iron + nickel, and iron + nickel + selenium containing hydrogenases represent three distinct classes of hydrogenase in Desulfovibrio.  相似文献
9.
We sequenced the NH2 terminus of the large and small subunits of the periplasmic hydrogenase from the sulfate-reducing bacterium Desulfovibrio vulgaris (Hildenborough) and found that the small subunit lacks a region of 34 NH4-terminal amino acids coded by the gene for the small subunit (G. Voordouw and S. Brenner, Eur. J. Biochem. 148:515-520, 1985). We suggest that this region constitutes a signal peptide based on comparison with known procaryotic signal peptides.  相似文献
10.
The genes encoding the two structural subunits of Escherichia coli hydrogenase 2 (HYD2) have been cloned and sequenced. They occur in an operon (hyb) which contains seven open reading frames. An hyb deletion mutant (strain AP3) failed to grown on dihydrogen-fumarate medium and also produced very low levels of HYD1. All seven open reading frames are required for restoration of wild-type levels of active HYD2 in AP3. The hyb operon was mapped at 65 min on the E. coli chromosome.  相似文献
设为首页 | 免责声明 | 关于勤云 | 加入收藏

Copyright©北京勤云科技发展有限公司  京ICP备09084417号