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1.
本研究将人生长激素基因重组 DNA 导入银鲫受精卵,或用人生长激素对60日龄银鲫连续6周腹腔注射,均观察到了受体鱼的快速生长效应,转移人生长激素基因鱼在60日龄时的平均体重比对照鱼平均体重增加82%,相应体长平均值比对照鱼增加19.7%;在125日龄时,转基因组平均体重比对照组增加17.7%,相应体长平均值比对照增加3.5%。定期注射人生长激素,在6周的注射实验过程中,实验鱼的体重,体长都与对照组相近或略有减小。但是,在水泥池中饲养一个月后,注射10/μg/g 体重的实验组鱼平均体重比相应对照组鱼的平均体重增加32%;相应体长平均值增加11%。  相似文献
2.
Some of microorganisms have been known to possess penicillin G acylase activity. The E. coli derived penicillin G acylase (PGA) can catalyze the conversion of penicillin G into phenylacetic acid and 6-amino-penicillanic acid, the latter is used as the starting compound for the industrial formation of semi-synthetic penicillins. Apart from its industrial importance, the enzyme PGA displays a number of interesting properties. Catalytically active enzyme is localized in the periplasmic space of E. coli cells and composed of two dissimilar subunits. The two subunits are apparently produced from a precursor protein, via a processing pathway hitherto unique in its features for a prokaryotic enzyme. The studies on processing of the precursor and on the relationship between structure and function of the mature enzyme are important theoretically. Previously we cloned a 3.5 kb DNA fragment from a strain (E. coli AS 1.76), which displays PGA activity. In this paper, we report a nucleotide sequence of the 3.5 kb DNA fragment containing PGA gene. After insertion of the DNA fragment into EcoR I and Hind III sites in pWR 13, pPGA 20 had been obtained. We subcloned the Hind III and Bg1 II treated fragment of 1.6 kb in length from pPGA 20 into Hind III and BamH I sites of pWR 13 to get a pPGA 1.6, and Bg1 II and EcoR I treated fragment of 1.9 kb in length into BamH I and EcoR I sites of pWR 13 to get a pPGA 1.9. The linearized pPGA 1.9 which were digested with appropriate restriction enzymes were progressively shortened from both ends respectively by digestion with Bal 31 nuclease, followed by cleavage of shortened target DNA off vector DNA molecules with appropriate restriction enzymes. The series of the DNA fragments shortened from EcoR I end were then cloned into plasmid pWR 13 which had previously digested with Hind III and Sma I enzymes (Fig. 1). The DNA fragment cloned in pWR 13 were directly sequenced on the resulted plasmids by using primer I and primer II. Thus we have obtained the complete nucleotide sequence of the 3.5 kb DNA fragment. The 3.5 kb fragment contains an intact PGA gene which is 2.6 kb.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)  相似文献
3.
慢病毒介导GDNF对帕金森病的多巴胺能神经营养作用   总被引:5,自引:0,他引:5  
探讨慢病毒介导GDNF对帕金森病的治疗作用。将gdnf片段替代pNL lacZ CMV质粒中的LacZ编码区 ,构建pNL gdnf质粒。采用磷酸钙转染方法 ,将慢病毒系统中三个质粒瞬时共转染 2 93T细胞 ,并收集病毒粒子。用立体定位仪将高滴度病毒注射入PD大鼠的纹状体中。分别在治疗后 14 ,30 ,6 0天检测阿朴吗啡 (APO)诱导旋转反应的变化 ;用Western印迹方法测定蛋白质的表达 ;用免疫组织化学方法检测lacZ和TH的表达 ;移植治疗后PD鼠的行为学逐渐有了改善 ,尤以治疗后14天明显。GDNF蛋白在大鼠脑内至少表达了 6 0天 ,对多巴胺神经有一定的神经营养作用。因此 ,慢病毒介导GDNF能显著改善PD鼠的行为学表现 ,是治疗帕金森病的有效方法之一。  相似文献
4.
我们已构建两组质粒,适合于在大肠杆菌内克隆基因和直接大量咸融合蛋白。这些质粒含有E.colilac启动基因和部分编码β-半乳糖苷酶的序列,编厔的蛋白长度约590或450个氨基酸殖基(原基因编码1023个氨基酸殖基)。被缩短的β-半乳糖苷酶基因的末端跟随一个多种限制性酶的接头序列;这个序列可被八种限制性酶中的任一种切断,然后插入任何蛋白基因。每组质粒有三种,可以满足所有三种不同的翻译读框。我们克隆了人工合成的入胰岛素原基因到这些质粒上去,在大肠杜菌内可以生产大量β-半乳糖苷酶残基—人胰岛素原融合蛋白。  相似文献
5.
神经递质转运蛋白   总被引:3,自引:0,他引:3  
6.
通过显微注射技术,将小鼠重金属螯合蛋白(MT-1)基因启动顺序与人生长激素基因顺序的重组体pMThGH注入鲤鱼(Cyprinus carpio)的受精卵内,由此发育的转基因鱼及其后代F1和F2均显示出快速生长效应。去垂体后,转基因鲤鱼F2持续生长,而非转基因鲤鱼和鲫鱼(Carassius auratus)的生长停止。给去垂体的鲫鱼腹腔注射生物合成的人生长激素(hGH),可恢复其生长。实验结果表明,转基因鱼体内表达和体外生物合成的hGH均能代偿鲤鱼和鲫鱼的内源生长激素并刺激去垂体鱼的生长。  相似文献
7.
人羊膜上皮细胞移植及基因治疗帕金森病大鼠   总被引:3,自引:0,他引:3  
观察人羊膜上皮细胞(human amniotic epithelial cell,HAEC及)人脑源性神经营养因子(brain-derived neurotrophic factor,BDNF基)因修饰的HAEC在帕金森病(Parkinson’sdisease,PD)模型大鼠脑内的长期存活和对旋转行为的治疗效果。用包装BDNFcDNA的慢病毒转染原代HAEC(HAEC/BDNF),HAEC/BDNF与HAEC分别植入6-羟基多巴胺损伤的PD模型大鼠纹状体内,观察动物的旋转行为,用免疫组织化学方法鉴定移植物在体内的存活。结果表明,治疗组PD大鼠的旋转行为改善明显达14周,HAEC/BDNF组能使恢复时间提前。免疫组织化学方法发现移植细胞在14周后仍有少量存活且部分表达BDNF、酪氨酸羟化酶,纹状体内星形胶质细胞增生。实验结果说明,HAEC和BDNF基因修饰的HAEC移植对PD模型大鼠的行为有一定改善,HAEC可以作为一种治疗PD的供体细胞。  相似文献
8.
基因工程人胰岛素原和胰岛素的分离纯化及性质研究   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
E. coli DH 5 alpha cells harboring a plasmid pWR 590-BCA 4 for fused human proinsulin production were cultured. The fused human proinsulin was isolated from the fermented cells and then subjected it to cleavage with BrCN. The cleaved product was then converted to crude proinsulin-S-sulfonate using oxidative sulfitolysis. The isolation of human proinsulin-S-sulfonate was accomplished by ion exchange chromatography on QAE-sephadex A-25, followed by gel filtration on sephadex G-50. The purified human proinsulin-S-sulfonate was folded using a disulfide interchange method. The folding mixture was then chromatographed on sephadex G-50 and purified proinsulin was obtained. The proinsulin was then converted to human insulin and C-peptide by a combination cleavage with trypsin and carboxypeptidase B. The total yield of human insulin was about 5 mg/L The Zinc insulin crystals were obtained with amorphous human insulin using citrate method. The amino acid composition N-terminal sequences as well as C-terminal amino acid residues are in agreement with expected results. The hypoglycemic activity of purified human insulin is 26-27 U/mg, as judged by mouse convulsion assay, and the RIA activity is about 99% of that of porcine insulin.  相似文献
9.
人胰岛素A,B链基因的合成,克隆及其在大肠杆菌中的表达   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
Human insulin A and B chain genes were designed and synthesized by using a rapid and simple method. The synthesized A and B chain genes were cloned separately. The expression (plasmids) pWR 590-HIA and pWR 590-HIB were constructed, and the two plasmids can direct the synthesis of the approximately 590 amino acid-long truncated beta-galactosidases fused to human insulin A or B chains. The fused A or B chain proteins were isolated from the fermented cells and cleaved with BrCN. The resulting mixtures were sulfonated and the sulfonated A and B chains were purified. Human insulin was obtained by using an A and B chain combination method.  相似文献
10.
γ-氨基丁酸(GABA)转运蛋白的结构、功能和调控   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
神经信号的有效传递有赖于对神经递质的精确调节,转运蛋白在其中起看决定性的作用。作为哺乳动物中枢神经系统中最主要的抑制性系统,GABA能系统在生物体内参与多种神经生理活动,自90年代初首次克隆了GABA转运蛋白基因以来,对它的研究也越来越深入和越来越多,本对GABA转运蛋白的结构功能和调控仅作了简要综述。  相似文献
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