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以三江平原3种主要沼泽类型——小叶章(Calamagrostis angustifolia)沼泽、乌拉苔草(Carex meyeriana)沼泽、毛果苔草(Carex lasiocarpa)沼泽以及不同开垦年限的耕地为研究对象,对其土壤中总硫含量进行分析,3种沼泽中总硫量的顺序为小叶章沼泽(622.4mg·kg^-1)<乌拉苔草沼泽(820.5mg·kg^-1)、毛果苔草沼泽(1022.4mg·kg^-1),挠力河、鸭绿河、别拉洪河及浓江流域土壤中总硫量的顺序为挠力河(925.0mg·kg^-1)>鸭绿河(841.8mg·kg^-1)>浓江(636.5mg·kg^-1)>别拉洪河(520.8mg·kg^-1)沼泽湿地及耕地土壤总硫量在层次上具有明显的规律性,即由表土层向下,含量逐渐降低,1980~2000年开垦的耕地土壤中总硫含量平均值为180.5mg·kg^-1,而未开垦湿地中的总硫含量平均值为735.8mg·kg^-1。耕地中的总硫量显著低于湿地中的总硫量,并且开垦年限越长,土壤中的总硫量越低,表明湿地开垦导致土壤总硫明显流失。  相似文献
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Summary Amounts of total sulfur and sulfate (NaHCO3-extractable) were determined in soil samples from 19 representative profiles under forest vegetation in the areas of pleistocene and of the triassic middle range mountains in Germany. The mean total sulfur contents in surface and subsurface samples were 278 and 136 g S/g soil respectively. The total amount of sulfate and its fraction in the total sulfur was low in the surface samples. The subsurface soil samples of pH>5 contained very little sulfate. The difference between total sulfur and NaHCO3-extractable sulfate described as nonsulfate fraction was mainly constituted by the fraction of organic sulfur. The mean C:N:S ratio (sulfur as nonsulfate) for samples with carbon content more than 2% was 225101.14. Compared with the parent material there was an accumulation of S in the acid brown earths developed from loess. Comparison of the sites with beech and spruce vegetation showed that the amount of nonsulfate-sulfur was of the same magnitude in both sites, but the amount of sulfate was higher in the spruce area. Similar differences between a beech and a spruce site were also observed for soils developed from weathered sandstone. The high amounts of sulfate under spruce are probably the result of higher inputs in the area due to the filtering action of the spruce trees on emitted SO2.
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