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In growing leaves, lack of isoprene synthase (IspS) is considered responsible for delayed isoprene emission, but competition for dimethylallyl diphosphate (DMADP), the substrate for both isoprene synthesis and prenyltransferase reactions in photosynthetic pigment and phytohormone synthesis, can also play a role. We used a kinetic approach based on post‐illumination isoprene decay and modelling DMADP consumption to estimate in vivo kinetic characteristics of IspS and prenyltransferase reactions, and to determine the share of DMADP use by different processes through leaf development in Populus tremula. Pigment synthesis rate was also estimated from pigment accumulation data and distribution of DMADP use from isoprene emission changes due to alendronate, a selective inhibitor of prenyltransferases. Development of photosynthetic activity and pigment synthesis occurred with the greatest rate in 1‐ to 5‐day‐old leaves when isoprene emission was absent. Isoprene emission commenced on days 5 and 6 and increased simultaneously with slowing down of pigment synthesis. In vivo Michaelis–Menten constant (Km) values obtained were 265 nmol m−2 (20 μm ) for DMADP‐consuming prenyltransferase reactions and 2560 nmol m−2 (190 μm ) for IspS. Thus, despite decelerating pigment synthesis reactions in maturing leaves, isoprene emission in young leaves was limited by both IspS activity and competition for DMADP by prenyltransferase reactions.  相似文献
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香叶醇合酶(geraniol synthase,GES)是香叶醇形成过程中非常重要的酶,是萜类代谢途径的限速酶。根据课题组广藿香转录组数据中的GES 转录本序列设计基因全长扩增引物,采用RT PCR方法克隆了广藿香GES基因的全长cDNA序列。对该基因进行了相关的生物信息学分析,并利用荧光实时定量PCR法检测了PcGES1基因在4个广藿香栽培种中不同时期茎、叶中的表达情况。结果显示:广藿香GES基因包含一个完整的ORF框,长1 734 bp,编码577个氨基酸,命名为PcGES1,GenBank登录号为KF926075 ;PcGES1基因编码的氨基酸序列与罗勒GES基因编码的氨基酸序列最为相近。广藿香GES蛋白定位在叶绿体中,无跨膜区域。PcGES1主要在叶中表达,老叶中表达量最高;从不同栽培种来看,PcGES1在石牌广藿香和高要广藿香中表达模式相似,在海南广藿香与印尼广藿香中表达相似,在海南广藿香老叶中表达最高。该研究结果为进一步阐明广藿香萜类代谢途径奠定了基础。  相似文献
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