首页 | 本学科首页   官方微博 | 高级检索  
文章检索
  按 检索   检索词:      
出版年份:   被引次数:   他引次数: 提示:输入*表示无穷大
  收费全文   378篇
  国内免费   1篇
  完全免费   66篇
  2020年   23篇
  2019年   27篇
  2018年   46篇
  2017年   19篇
  2016年   14篇
  2015年   12篇
  2014年   42篇
  2013年   16篇
  2012年   31篇
  2011年   29篇
  2010年   15篇
  2009年   28篇
  2008年   14篇
  2007年   24篇
  2006年   14篇
  2005年   18篇
  2004年   7篇
  2003年   9篇
  2002年   7篇
  2001年   1篇
  2000年   7篇
  1999年   7篇
  1998年   7篇
  1997年   5篇
  1996年   2篇
  1995年   5篇
  1994年   4篇
  1993年   3篇
  1992年   2篇
  1991年   2篇
  1990年   1篇
  1989年   1篇
  1986年   1篇
  1984年   2篇
排序方式: 共有445条查询结果,搜索用时 46 毫秒
1.
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) carries out multifaceted functions in tumor development, and it exists as at least five isoforms with distinct biologic activities and clinical implications. Several strategies have been developed to block VEGF for cancer therapy; however, the approach to target-specific VEGF isoform(s) has not been explored to date. In the present study, we show that DNA vector-based RNA interference (RNAi), in which RNAi sequences targeting murine VEGF isoforms are inserted downstream of an RNA polymerase III promoter, has potential applications in isoform-specific "knock-down" of VEGF. Large molecular weight VEGF isoforms were specifically reduced in vitro in the presence of isoform-specific RNAi constructs. Additionally, H1 promoter may be superior to U6 promoter when used for vector-based RNAi of VEGF isoforms. This strategy provides a novel tool to study the function of various VEGF isoforms and may contribute to VEGF isoform-specific treatment in cancer.  相似文献
2.
We have constructed Ad CMV-Smac, a recombinant adenovirus encoding Smac/DIABLO, the recently described second mitochondrial activator of caspases. Transfection of ovarian carcinoma cells with Ad CMV-Smac at multiplicities of infection of 3-60 pfu/cell leads to increasing apoptosis in a dose-dependent manner. Western blot analysis confirms that Smac-induced apoptosis proceeds via a pathway mediated primarily by caspase-9 that can be inhibited by zLEHD-fmk and overexpression of the X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis protein (XIAP). In contrast, there is no cleavage of either caspase-8 or caspase-12. Ad CMV-Smac appears to induce apoptosis independently of cytochrome c release from mitochondria and is not inhibited by overexpression of Bcl-2. Ad CMV-Smac can combine with other proapoptotic factors, such as cisplatin, paclitaxel, and procaspase-3, to produce greater levels of apoptosis in transfected cells.  相似文献
3.
B7-H4 protein is expressed on the surface of a variety of immune cells and functions as a negative regulator of T cell responses. We independently identified B7-H4 (DD-O110) through a genomic effort to discover genes upregulated in tumors and here we describe a new functional role for B7-H4 protein in cancer. We show that B7-H4 mRNA and protein are overexpressed in human serous ovarian cancers and breast cancers with relatively little or no expression in normal tissues. B7-H4 protein is extensively glycosylated and displayed on the surface of tumor cells and we provide the first demonstration of a direct role for B7-H4 in promoting malignant transformation of epithelial cells. Overexpression of B7-H4 in a human ovarian cancer cell line with little endogenous B7-H4 expression increased tumor formation in SCID mice. Whereas overexpression of B7-H4 protected epithelial cells from anoikis, siRNA-mediated knockdown of B7-H4 mRNA and protein expression in a breast cancer cell line increased caspase activity and apoptosis. The restricted normal tissue distribution of B7-H4, its overexpression in a majority of breast and ovarian cancers and functional activity in transformation validate this cell surface protein as a new target for therapeutic intervention. A therapeutic antibody strategy aimed at B7-H4 could offer an exciting opportunity to inhibit the growth and progression of human ovarian and breast cancers.  相似文献
4.
Ovarian cancer (OC) is the leading cause of death in gynecologic diseases in which there is evidence for a complex chemokine network. Chemokines are a family of proteins that play an important role in tumor progression influencing cell proliferation, angiogenic/angiostatic processes, cell migration and metastasis, and, finally, regulating the immune cells recruitment into the tumor mass. We previously demonstrated that astrocytes and glioblastoma cells express both the chemokine receptor CXCR4 and its ligand stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1), and that SDF-1alpha treatment induced cell proliferation, supporting the hypothesis that chemokines may play an important role in tumor cells' growth in vitro. In the present study, we report that CXCR4 and SDF-1 are expressed in OC cell lines. We demonstrate that SDF-1alpha induces a dose-dependent proliferation in OC cells, by the specific interaction with CXCR4 and a biphasic activation of ERK1/2 and Akt kinases. Our results further indicate that CXCR4 activation induces EGF receptor (EGFR) phosphorylation that in turn was linked to the downstream intracellular kinases activation, ERK1/2 and Akt. In addition, we provide evidence for cytoplasmic tyrosine kinase (c-Src) involvement in the SDF-1/CXCR4-EGFR transactivation. These results suggest a possible important "cross-talk" between SDF-1/CXCR4 and EGFR intracellular pathways that may link signals of cell proliferation in ovarian cancer.  相似文献
5.
6.
Interleukin-10 in serous ovarian carcinoma cell lines   总被引:7,自引:1,他引:6  
 Interleukin-10, one of the most potent anti-inflammatory cytokines, is expressed in ovarian carcinomas in vivo. In contrast to the high levels of IL-10 in ascites and tumour tissue, the expression of this cytokine appears to be a rare event in ovarian carcinoma cell lines in vitro. Virtually nothing is known about the regulation of IL-10 expression in ovarian carcinoma cell lines. We investigated the expression of IL-10 in four cell lines originally derived from ovarian serous adenocarcinoma: OVCAR-3, SKOV-3, CAOV-3 and OAW-42. IL-10-specific mRNA was detected in OVCAR-3 and only this cell line produced IL-10 constitutively under serum-free conditions as well as in serum-containing medium. Our studies on the regulation of IL-10 secretion in OVCAR-3 revealed that (1) proinflammatory stimuli IL-1β and TNF-α, but not LPS, enhance IL-10 secretion, (2) IL-6 has no influence on the release of IL-10, (3) prostaglandin E2 influences neither the spontaneous nor the TNF-α- or IL-1β-stimulated IL-10 production and (4) interferon-γ inhibits IL-10 secretion. We conclude that only a minority of serous ovarian carcinoma cells maintain the ability to produce IL-10 in vitro. Our data on the regulation of IL-10 production in OVCAR-3 indicate that ovarian carcinoma cells share some, but not all, of the regulatory features typical for the monocytic IL-10 secretion. Received: 1 February 2001 / Accepted: 29 March 2001  相似文献
7.
Vaccination with anti-idiotypic antibodies has been described as a promising concept for treatment of several malignant diseases. The murine monoclonal anti-idiotypic antibody ACA125 imitates a specific epitope of the tumor-associated antigen CA125 expressed by 80% of ovarian carcinomas. In the first clinical trial it could be shown that mAb ACA125 is able to elicit anti-anti-idiotypic antibodies (Ab3) with anti-CA125 specificity in patients with advanced ovarian cancer. In order to improve the capabilities of anti-idiotype vaccines we generated a genetically engineered single-chain fragment (scFv) ACA125 composed of heavy- and light-chain variable regions connected by a flexible linker. The antigenicity of scFv ACA125 was demonstrated by immunizing rats i.p. with scFv or complete mAb in complete/incomplete Freund's adjuvants (CFA/IFA) or precipitated by aluminium hydroxide. Negative control groups included applications of irrelevant mouse IgG or adjuvants alone. Anti-anti-idiotypic antibodies (Ab3) directed against the mAb ACA125 as well as specific anti-CA125 antibodies (Ab1′) could be detected in all animals treated with scFv in CFA/IFA. Nevertheless, antibody titers were lower than when the complete mAb ACA125 was used. Suprisingly, an increase of specificity could not be observed in scFv-immunized animals, which had been expected because of the lack of heavy- and light-chain constant regions that could raise rather unspecific anti-isotypic and anti-allotypic rat anti-(mouse Ig) antibodies (RAMA). In contrast, the RAMA responses detected in these rats were even stronger than those following immunization with complete mAb ACA125. In conclusion, the anti-idiotypic scFv ACA125 alone cannot improve the immunogenic features of the corresponding mAb, but provides a useful tool for the further development of genetic vaccines. Received: 20 January 2000 / Accepted: 24 April 2000  相似文献
8.
Estrogen stimulation of ovarian surface epithelial cell proliferation   总被引:6,自引:0,他引:6  
Summary Ovarian cancer is the leading cause of gynecological cancer mortality, and 85–90% of this malignancy originates from the ovarian surface epithelium (OSE). The etiology of ovarian epithelial cancer is unknown but a role for estrogens has been suspected. However, the effect of estrogens on OSE cell proliferation remains to be determined. Using the rabbit model, our studies have demonstrated that 17β-estradiol stimulates OSE cell proliferation and the formation of a papillary ovarian surface morphology similar to that seen in human ovarian serous neoplasms of low malignant potential. Immunohistochemical staining of ovarian tissue sections with an antibody to the estrogen receptor α demonstrates its expression in both OSE cells and stromal interstitial cells. In primary ovarian cell cultures, the proliferative response of the epithelial cells to 17β-estradiol depends on the expression of the estrogen receptor α in the epithelial cells. However, when the epithelial cells are grown together with ovarian stromal cells, their proliferative response to this hormone is greatly enhanced, suggesting the involvement of stromal-epithelial interactions. These studies suggest a role for estrogens and the estrogen receptor α in OSE growth.  相似文献
9.
 Antibodies reactive with peptide epitopes on the core protein of MUC1 epithelial mucin have been demonstrated in some patients with adenocarcinomas. Because these epitopes can be exposed on MUC1 in the serum of healthy women, we measured concentrations of MUC1-reactive antibodies in the serum of healthy pregnant and non-pregnant women, and in patients with benign and malignant ovarian tumours. Antibodies were measured in an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay utilising a synthetic peptide corresponding to a 105-amino-acid segment of the MUC1 tandem repeat region (5.25 repeats). MUC1-reactive antibodies were always of an IgM isotype and concentrations were highest in young healthy women and declined progressively with age (P = 0.0006) concomitantly with increasing serum MUC1 levels (P = 0.003). Regardless of age, antibody levels were lower in cancer patients than in healthy women (P<0.0001), but MUC1 levels were much higher in cancer patients (P<0.0001). Although high antibody levels were associated with greater survival in ovarian cancer (P = 0.015), multivariate regression analysis showed that this was not a significant independent prognostic indicator after consideration of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage, histological type, serum MUC1 levels and age. Serial measurement of MUC1 and MUC1 antibodies during treatment in 18 patients with ovarian cancer and throughout pregnancy in 10 women showed a negative correlation between alterations in MUC1 and MUC1 antibodies. These results show that MUC1-peptide-reactive antibodies are present in the serum of healthy women and women with cancer and that they probably form immune complexes with MUC1, but provide no evidence for an augmentation of the humoral immune response to MUC1 in ovarian cancer Received: 8 January 1998 / Accepted: 26 February 1998  相似文献
10.
设为首页 | 免责声明 | 关于勤云 | 加入收藏

Copyright©北京勤云科技发展有限公司  京ICP备09084417号