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1.
The Guadix-Baza Basin in Spain covers an area of approximately 3000 km2 and yields a sedimentary sequence ranging from Lower Miocene to Pleistocene. Twenty five meters of Lower Pleistocene lacustrine sediments have been located in the NE part of the Basin at about 1000 meters in altitude. This sequence which overlies dolomitic mud flat deposits consists of limestones, calcareous and dolomitic mudstones, dolostones, silty clays, sands and gravels. Salinity fluctuations and short dry episodes, related to lake level oscillations, have been recorded by textural, mineralogical and faunal changes throughout the sequence. Ostracods, which are the most commonly encountered fossils, permit to detect recurrent changes in water salinity and regime, and solute composition. The faunal changes indicate an alternation of slightly saline and bicarbonate-rich water (when ostracods and gastropods occur) with a saline NaCl-dominant water (in which ostracods, Cerastoderma bivalves and non-marine foraminifers are found).The frequent and recurrent hydrochemical changes in the Baza Basin in the Early Pleistocene point to a climate of high contrast like in the Mediterranean region today but with a greater availability of water within the system compared to the present situation in the area.  相似文献
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中国泥盆纪含鱼化石地层的世界对比   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
简要回顾泥盆纪含鱼化石地层分层的进展及现状,总结中国泥盆纪含鱼化石地层的层位,横向地比较了主要鱼化石的系统关系,再结合具体的地质历史背景,对比世界有关的地层。  相似文献
4.
Palynological analyses of two wells (Haema-1 and Kachi-1) located in two sub-basins of the Northern South Yellow Sea Basin have been carried out in order to establish a palynostratigraphic breakdown of the sedimentary succession and to determine environments of deposition. Seven assemblage zones and two assemblage subzones have been erected on the basis of frequency variations in, and occurrences of, biostratigraphically significant palynomorphs as follows: Classopollis-Ephedripites Assemblage Zone (AZ): Barremian-Albian; Alisporites-Aquilapollenites-Penetetrapites AZ, which is subdivided into an Alisporites-Rugubivesiculites Assemblage Subzone: Cenomanian-Lower Maastrichtian, and an Aquilapollenites-Penetetrapites Assemblage Subzone: Upper Maastrichtian; Momipites-Coryluspollenites AZ: Paleocene; Caryapollenites-Inaperturopollenites AZ: Lower-Middle Eocene; Quercoidites-Pinuspollenites AZ: Upper Eocene; Liquidambarpollenites-Fupingopollenites-Magnastriatites AZ: Lower-Middle Miocene; Graminidites-Persicarioipollis AZ: Pliocene. The depositional environments represented by the well sections are considered to have been generally fluvio-lacustrine, and the climate to have varied between semi-arid and wet, and subtropical and warm temperate, except during the Late Eocene and Pliocene when a cool-temperate climate prevailed. Six stages in the development of the sub-basins are recognised. These are: (1) initial stage of rift or pull-apart basin-formation during the Late Jurassic?-Cretaceous; (2) subsidence from the Paleocene to Middle Eocene; (3) alternation of uplift and subsidence in the Late Eocene; (4) synrift inversion and erosion through the Oligocene; (5) uplift during the Early Miocene; and (6) widespread subsidence from the Middle Miocene onwards apart from during the Early Pliocene when the region was subjected to uplift once more.  相似文献
5.
河南西峡盆地晚白垩世含恐龙蛋地层中的介形类   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
河南西峡盆地含恐龙蛋地层高沟组、马家村组和寺沟组共发现介形类13属(亚属)20种,其中高沟组和寺沟组的介形类为首次报道。文章重点讨论了介形类Talicypridea动物群,其中Talicypridea,Altanicypris,Ruficypris和Lunicypris属的地质历程均限于晚白垩世。依据Talicypridea动物群在国内外的地层分布特征,确认含恐龙蛋地层的时代属晚白垩世,很可能为晚白垩世中-晚期,大致相当于康尼亚克期(Coniacian)-坎潘期(Campa-nian)。  相似文献
6.
河南西峡盆地晚白垩世含恐龙蛋地层中的双壳类   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
描述河南西峡盆地含恐龙蛋地层的双壳类5属(亚属)9种,其中1新种。依据双壳类的地层分布特征,确认含恐龙蛋地层的时代属晚白垩世,很可能为晚白垩世中-晚期(Coniacian-Campanian期)。描述的双壳类化石有:Pseudohyria cf.gobiensis MacNeil,Pseudohyria cf.cardiiformis(Martinson),cf.Plicatounio(Plicatounio)hunanensis Zhang,cf.Plicatounio(Plicatounio)zhuchengensis Ma,Plicatounio(Acclinoplicatounio)cf.nan-anensis Ma et Huang,Plicatounio(Tamuraia)henanensis Chenet Wangsp.nov.,Sphaerium shantun gense(Grabau),Sphaeriumtani Grabau和Sphaerium laiyangense Chen。其中,Pseudohyria属及Tamuraia和Accli-noplicatounio亚属的历程均限于晚白垩世。韩国和日本早白垩世地层发现的Pseudohyria matsumotoi Yang,1979应归Matsumotoina,不属于Pseudohyria;福建禾口组上部原鉴定为Plicatounio(Plicatounio)naktongensis和Pli-catounio(Plicatounio)fujianensis的标本,应改归Tamuraia亚属。  相似文献
7.
The discovery of some exceptional non-marine fossil Ostracoda, showing larval stages within the carapaces of females, demonstrates that incubation was an ontogenetical adaptation which appeared at least as early as the Permian. Thus, it seems, the superfamilies Danvinulacea and Cytheracea diversified in Permian lakes where the Carbonitacea had flourished in the Carboniferous. The Cypridacea accomplished an evolutionary radiation in continental environments after a permanent invasion from the sea in the Middle Jurassic, thanks to the resistance of their eggs to dessication and heezing and the evolution of parthenogenetic reproduction.  相似文献
8.
A systematic research of the non-marine ostracodes from the Aquitaine Basin Neogene shows that these animals were locally well represented and able to indicate palaeoecological and palaeoclimatic data, comparable in quality with such data as from Recent continental environments. We provide a list of the taxa, and the stratigraphical distribution during the Lower and the Middle Miocene is indicated, as well as the geographical location in comparison with the estimated shorelines. The recent stratigraphical revisions of some Miocene deposits, mainly marine, from the central, southern and northern parts of the Aquitaine Basin are used. The studied microfauna contains about 20 genera and slightly more than 30 species. Most of the found genera correspond to fresh to brackish ostracodes (particularly Cytheridae and Candonidae). Several genera can indicate environmental characteristics: Candonopsis and Sclerocypris (Upper Aquitanian in age) are intertropical dwellers. Vecticypris from the Lower Miocene could indicate (in analogy with Metacypris) relatively cooler waters existing in these environments.  相似文献
9.
Non-marine diatoms occur in the Deccan Intertrappean beds (Upper Cretaceous) of Mohgaon-Kalan, Chhindwara District, Madhya Pradesh and Pisdura, Lameta Formation (Upper Cretaceous), Maharashtra, India. This represents the oldest record of non-marine diatoms yet reported and the oldest from the Indian subcontinent. The diatoms were recovered from thin sections of chert and dinosaur coprolites by random fracturing. Solitary forms are the most common but colonial filaments up to five cells were also observed. Based on the morphological characters, the diatoms are identified as Aulacoseira Thwaites. The Lower Cretaceous marine diatom genus Archepyrgus Gersonde and Harwood also resembles Aulacoseira in general morphological characters and it seems that Aulacoseira evolved from Archepyrgus and migrated to the non-marine realm.  相似文献
10.
Various trace fossils from the Hassberge Formation and the Löwenstein Formation (Middle Keuper, Upper Triassic) of the Haßberge region are described. Twenty-three different forms have been identified, 17 of which are named, includingCruziana pascens n. isp.,Lockeia cunctator n. isp., andRusophycus versans n. isp.Lockeia siliquaria James, 1879,L. amygdaloides (Seilacher, 1953),L. triangulichnus Kim, 1994, andL. elongata (Yang, 1984) are revised and synonymized under the oldest available name,L. siliquaria James, 1879.Rusophycus eutendorfensis (Linck, 1942) andR. carbonarius Dawson, 1864 are revised. The diagnosis ofPolykladichnus Fürsich, 1981 is emended, and a diagnosis forHelminthoidichnites Fitch, 1850 is given for the first time. Among the described ichnotaxa,Skolithos ispp.,Rusophycus carbonarius, andTaenidium barretti are the most common forms. The trace fossil association is typical of theScoyenia ichnofacies, which indicates non-marine, periodically or completely inundated environments, such as floodplains and lake margins. Two palaeoichnocoenoses are identified. One ichnocoenosis, dominated byCruziana problematica, cf.Polykladichnus isp., andSkolithos isp. B characterizes margins of trough cross-bedded sandstones. Another ichnocoenosis, dominated byRusophycus versans n. isp.,Taenidium barretti,Scoyenia gracilis andSkolithos isp. A is related to ephemeral lake deposits. Taxonomic recommendations for the use of hitherto described and figured invertebrate Keuper trace fossils from Germany are given.  相似文献
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