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1.
叶绿素荧光动力学参数的意义及讨论   总被引:475,自引:0,他引:475  
张守仁 《植物学通报》1999,16(4):444-448
叶绿素荧光动力学技术被称为研究植物光合功能的快速、无损伤探针。但其参数众多,且名称及在参数的生物学意义解释上存在不规范和混乱现象。本文通过对这些问题的讨论旨在引起使用者的注意,并探讨正确使用这些参数的途径  相似文献
2.
中国食用菌名录   总被引:78,自引:40,他引:38       下载免费PDF全文
作者系统地考证了我国食用菌的名称,排除了过去报道中的187个名称,同时新增了82个名称,本文共收录中国食用菌966个分类单元,包括936种、23变种、3亚种和4变型。对每个名称按新近的研究成果和最新命名法规(维也纳法规)进行了订正,将曾报道的、但应作为其他种的同物异名者列在其正名之后,所有名称定名人的缩写全部按国际植物命名法规的要求加以规范化。  相似文献
3.
中国药用真菌名录及部分名称的修订   总被引:53,自引:33,他引:20       下载免费PDF全文
戴玉成  杨祝良 《菌物学报》2008,27(6):801-824
近年来,我国对药用真菌的研究和利用越来越重视,相关报道逐年增加。针对有些种类鉴定有误、拉丁学名使用没有严格遵守最新国际植物命名法规、命名人缩写不规范等问题,作者系统考证了我国药用真菌的名称,共收录473种,对每种名称按新近的研究成果和最新命名法规(维也纳法规)进行了订正,对过去的错误报道或不存在的名称进行了修正,将曾报道的、但应作为其他种的同物异名者列在其正名之后,所有名称定名人的缩写全部按国际植物命名法规的要求加以规范化。每种名称之后还列举了该种的主要药用功能或价值,并引证了主要参考文献。  相似文献
4.
中国多孔菌名录   总被引:36,自引:19,他引:17       下载免费PDF全文
戴玉成 《菌物学报》2009,28(3):315-327
本文中的多孔菌系指广义非褶菌目中具有孔状子实层体的种类,按照现代分类系统包括担子菌门中多孔菌目、锈革孔菌目、褐褶菌目、糙孢孔目、革菌目、糙孢革菌目和红菇目中孔状子实体的种类,还有伞菌目、阿太菌目、鸡油菌目和木耳目中个别属,如网孔菌属、胶孔菌属、榆孔菌属、牛排菌属和纵隔孔菌属等的种类。基于作者采集的1万余号标本和国内主要标本馆标本的研究,对中国多孔菌的种类进行了系统总结,目前有604种多孔菌发现于中国,多孔菌数量位居世界第一。对中国多孔菌的名称按新近研究成果和最新命名法规(维也纳法规)进行了订正。对121种新拟了汉语学名。  相似文献
5.
6.
The comparative analysis of a large number of plant cyclins of the A/B family has recently revealed that plants possess two distinct B-type groups and three distinct A-type groups of cyclins [1]. Despite earlier uncertainties, this large-scale comparative analysis has allowed an unequivocal definition of plant cyclins into either A or B classes. We present here the most important results obtained in this study, and extend them to the case of plant D-type cyclins, in which three groups are identified. For each of the plant cyclin groups, consensus sequences have been established and a new, rational, plant-wide naming system is proposed in accordance with the guidelines of the Commission on Plant Gene Nomenclature. This nomenclature is based on the animal system indicating cyclin classes by an upper-case roman letter, and distinct groups within these classes by an arabic numeral suffix. The naming of plant cyclin classes is chosen to indicate homology to their closest animal class. The revised nomenclature of all described plant cyclins is presented, with their classification into groups CycA1, CycA2, CycA3, CycB1, CycB2, CycD1, CycD2 and CycD3.  相似文献
7.
The S100 protein family is the largest subgroup within the superfamily of proteins carrying the Ca2+-binding EF-hand motif. Despite their small molecular size and their conserved functional domain of two distinct EF-hands, S100 proteins developed a plethora of tissue-specific intra- and extracellular functions. Accordingly, various diseases such as cardiomyopathies, neurodegenerative and inflammatory disorders, and cancer are associated with altered S100 protein levels. Here, we review the different S100 protein functions and related diseases from an evolutionary point of view. We analyzed the structural variations, which are the basis of functional diversification, as well as the genomic organization of the S100 family in human and compared it with the S100 repertoires in mouse and rat. S100 genes and proteins are highly conserved between the different mammalian species. Moreover, we identified evolutionary related subgroups of S100 proteins within the three species, which share functional similarity and form subclusters on the genomic level. The available S100-specific mouse models are summarized and the consequences of our results are discussed with regard to the use of genetically engineered mice as human disease models. An update of the S100 nomenclature is included, because some of the recently identified S100 genes and pseudogenes had to be renamed.  相似文献
8.
Recent Advances in Our Knowledge of the Myxozoa   总被引:20,自引:0,他引:20  
In the last few years two factors have helped to significantly advance our understanding of the Myxozoa. First, the phenomenal increase in fin fish aquaculture in the 1990s has lead to the increased importance of these parasites; in turn this has lead to intensified research efforts, which have increased knowledge of the development, diagnosis. and pathogenesis of myxozoans. The hallmark discovery in the 1980s that the life cycle of Myxobolus cerebralis requires development of an actinosporean stage in the oligochaete. Tubifex tubifex, led to the elucidation of the life cycles of several other myxozoans. Also, the life cycle and taxonomy of the enigmatic PKX myxozoan has been resolved: it is the alternate stage of the unusual myxozoan, Tetracapsula bryosalmonae, from bryozoans. The 18S rDNA gene of many species has been sequenced, and here we add 22 new sequences to the data set. Phylogenetic analyses using all these sequences indicate that: 1) the Myxozoa are closely related to Cnidaria (also supported by morphological data); 2) marine taxa at the genus level branch separately from genera that usually infect freshwater fishes; 3) taxa cluster more by development and tissue location than by spore morphology; 4) the tetracapsulids branched off early in myxozoan evolution, perhaps reflected by their having bryozoan, rather than annelid hosts; 5) the morphology of actinosporeans offers little information for determining their myxosporean counterparts (assuming that they exist); and 6) the marine actinosporeans from Australia appear to form a clade within the platysporinid myxosporeans. Ribosomal DNA sequences have also enabled development of diagnostic tests for myxozoans. PCR and in situ hybridisation tests based on rDNA sequences have been developed for Myxobolus cerebralis, Ceratomyxa shasta, Kudoa spp., and Tetracapsula bryosalmonae (PKX). Lectin-based and antibody tests have also been developed for certain myxozoans, such as PKX and C. shasta. We also review important diseases caused by myxozoans, which are emerging or re-emerging. Epizootics of whirling disease in wild rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) have recently been reported throughout the Rocky Mountain states of the USA. With a dramatic increase in aquaculture of fishes using marine netpens, several marine myxozoans have been recognized or elevated in status as pathological agents. Kudoa thyrsites infections have caused severe post-harvest myoliquefaction in pen-reared Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar), and Ceratomyxa spp., Sphaerospora spp., and Myxidium leei cause disease in pen-reared sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) and sea bream species (family Sparidae) in Mediterranean countries.  相似文献
9.
A history of research on arbuscular mycorrhiza   总被引:19,自引:0,他引:19  
Koide RT  Mosse B 《Mycorrhiza》2004,14(3):145-163
This is not a review paper in the traditional sense, of which there are many. Three of the most influential reviews that summarized well some of the older literature include those by Nicolson (1967), Gerdemann (1968) and Mosse (1973). Instead, in this brief and incomplete work, we attempt to show the historical development of research on arbuscular mycorrhizas. We owe much to those who have written other historical accounts, including Rayner (1926–1927), Trappe and Berch (1985), Mosse (1985), Schenck (1985), Harley (1991) and Allen (1996), but the contents of this work naturally reflect our own ignorance, interests and biases. It was often difficult to distinguish between the historical and the contemporary, and we did not use any specific cutoff date in making this distinction. The degree to which we include contemporary literature was determined by our own assessment of its connectedness to older literature. In any case, we hope this will be of some interest to those of you who study the arbuscular mycorrhiza, and that it will serve the purpose of providing what we consider to be an important historical context for current researchers. We wish you good fortune in your research.Taken from a paper presented at the COST 8.38 meeting AM Research in Europe (Pisa, Italy): The Dawning of a New Millenium  相似文献
10.
Recommendations for naming plant pathogenesis-related proteins   总被引:19,自引:1,他引:18  
Pathogenesis-related proteins (abbreviated PRs) are defined as plant proteins that are induced in pathological or related situations. We propose a unifying nomenclature for PRs based on their grouping into families sharing amino acid sequences, serological relationship, and/or enzymatic or biological activity. The nomenclature classifies novel proteins identified by electrophoresis or chromatography along with those established by other workers. The previously proposed system of the five well-established families from tobacco is extended to accommodate a further six families. Families are indicated by arabic numerals and individual members are named by lower case letters in the order in which they are described. Additional rules are proposed to deal with forms containing more than a single polypeptide and as yet unclassified PRs. PR genes whose sequences are conserved but whose designations are not based on function are to be designated Ypr in accordance with the recommendations of the Commission on Plant Gene Nomenclature.  相似文献
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