首页 | 本学科首页   官方微博 | 高级检索  
文章检索
  按 检索   检索词:      
出版年份:   被引次数:   他引次数: 提示:输入*表示无穷大
  收费全文   356篇
  国内免费   2篇
  完全免费   48篇
  2020年   4篇
  2019年   14篇
  2018年   14篇
  2017年   14篇
  2016年   9篇
  2015年   13篇
  2014年   27篇
  2013年   23篇
  2012年   19篇
  2011年   21篇
  2010年   13篇
  2009年   20篇
  2008年   18篇
  2007年   23篇
  2006年   25篇
  2005年   11篇
  2004年   17篇
  2003年   20篇
  2002年   14篇
  2001年   5篇
  2000年   7篇
  1999年   10篇
  1998年   4篇
  1997年   10篇
  1996年   1篇
  1995年   5篇
  1994年   4篇
  1993年   5篇
  1992年   7篇
  1991年   1篇
  1990年   5篇
  1989年   4篇
  1988年   2篇
  1987年   6篇
  1986年   1篇
  1985年   2篇
  1984年   1篇
  1982年   3篇
  1981年   1篇
  1980年   1篇
  1978年   1篇
  1977年   1篇
排序方式: 共有406条查询结果,搜索用时 31 毫秒
1.
用RAPD和AFLP的方法对中国卤虫(Artemia)种及亲缘关系的研究   总被引:18,自引:0,他引:18  
利用RAPD(随机扩增多态DNA)和AFLP(扩增片段长度多态性)技术对不同种及种群卤虫的关系进行分析。 101个随机引物对4种卤虫Afranciscana、A urmiana、A sinica和A.parthenogenelica基因组DNA进行扩增,平均每个种获得751条带,其中458条带为多态性标记,每个引物提供平均74个标记信息,聚类结果表明A.sinica是不同于其他旧大陆两性生殖卤虫的一个独立的种。对来自 15个种及品系的卤虫的 AFLP分析显示了非常好的遗传多态性,采用 12对引物检测到 594条带,其中 480个为多态性标记。聚类结果表明来自西藏的两性生殖卤虫为不同于中国内陆两性生殖卤虫的新种。而孤雌生殖卤虫在进化过程中可能是多源的,中国内陆和沿海的孤雌生殖卤虫是沿着不同的途径进化的,内陆和沿海的孤雌生殖卤虫可能为不同的种。  相似文献
2.
Summary A basic mathematical model of human red cells is presented which integrates the charge and nonideal osmotic behavior of hemoglobin and of other impermeant cell solutes with the ion transport properties of the red cell membrane. The computing strategy was designed to predict the behavior of all measurable variables in time in ways that optimize comparison with experimentally determined behavior. The need and applications of such a model are illustrated in three separate examples covering different areas of experimentation in the physiology and pathophysiology of red cells.  相似文献
3.
中国十个地理品系卤虫同工酶的研究   总被引:13,自引:2,他引:11  
侯林  邹向阳 《动物学报》1993,39(1):30-37
本文采用聚丙烯酰胺凝胶垂直板电泳法,对中国十个不同地理品系卤虫的十种同工酶进行了研究。分析了编码七种多态酶的19个座位、42个等位基因,用Nei(1972、1975)的方法计算各地理品系卤虫的遗传相似系数、遗传距离和平均杂合度并进行聚类分析。实验和分析结果证明十个不同地理品系的卤虫可分为A.parthenogenetica和有性品系A.sp.两大姊妹种;十种同工酶中三种酶为单态酶,七种为多态酶;雌雄个体无电泳差异。  相似文献
4.
感染性马传染性贫血病毒嵌合克隆的构建   总被引:11,自引:0,他引:11  
在已有的全长感染性克隆pFD3的基础上,构建了新的低拷贝的全长克隆pLGFD3-8。按照疫苗制备过程中env基因的变化情况,采用基因替换和定点突变的方法,构建了一系列具有马传染性贫血病毒(EIAV)强毒株env基因及其主要突变特征的嵌合克隆。利用这些克隆转染FDD细胞,并用逆转录酶活性检测和PCR方法确定其感染性。结果发现,在FDD细胞中传代3次后,可在细胞培养物中检测到逆转录酶活性和原病毒DNA的存在,在电镜下可以观察到典型的EIAV病毒颗粒。这一结果为进一步研究马传染性贫血病毒致病的分子机制和免疫保护机理奠定了良好的基础。  相似文献
5.
Helicobacter pylori-related iron deficiency anemia: a review   总被引:10,自引:1,他引:9  
Several clinical reports have demonstrated that Helicobacter pylori gastric infection has emerged as a new cause of refractory iron deficiency anemia, unresponsive to iron therapy, and not attributable to usual causes such as intestinal losses or poor intake, malabsorption or diversion of iron in the reticulo-endothelial system. Although the interaction between infection and iron metabolism is now well consolidated, our understanding of the pathogenetic mechanism underlying the anemia is still wanting. Microbiological and ferrokinetic studies seem to suggest that Helicobacter pylori infected antrum could act as a sequestering focus for serum iron by means of outer membrane receptors of the bacterium, that in vitro are able to capture and utilize for growth iron from human lactoferrin. The proposed hypothesis does not answer why this complication is such a rare disease outcome in a common human infection but it may be used as a template for further controlled studies to determine the mechanisms of this atypical, medically important putative sequelae of H. pylori infection.  相似文献
6.
二价金属离子转运蛋白1(divalent metal transporter 1,DMT1)的发现是近年铁代谢研究领域最重大的一项突破.DMT1是哺乳类跨膜铁转运蛋白.这种蛋白质广泛分布于人体各组织.DMT1 mRNA有两种形式,一种含有IRE(iron response element),而另一种则不含此结构.DMT1的功能主要是介导小肠上皮细胞的铁吸收以及参与铁从内吞小体移位到胞浆的过程.DMT1介导的铁转运是一个主动的和H+依赖的过程.DMT1也参与其他二价金属如Zn2+、Mn2+、Co2+、Cd2+、Cn2+、Ni2+和Pb2+的转运.小肠DMT1的表达受饮食或组织铁控制.第四跨膜区是DMT1的重要功能区.此区基因发生点突变(G185R)是导致不可逆性缺铁性贫血的原因.在帕金森氏病人的黑质发现DMT1表达异常增加,因而DMT1可能也与某些神经退行性疾病的形成有关.  相似文献
7.
8.
Summary We report here that a Cl-dependent K (KCl) efflux, which is stimulated by N-ethylmaleimide, (NEM) and by increased red cell volume, exists in young red cells of individuals with normal hemoglobin A (AA) and in those homozygous for hemoglobin S (SS). We have investigated this KCl efflux in several density-defined red cell fractions obtained from Percoll-Stractan continuous density gradients. We found high activity of the NEM-stimulated KCl transport in reticulocytes and young red cells from nine sickle cell (SS) patients (43±27 mean±sd mmol K+/liter of cells/hr=flux units (FU)) and in the young cell fraction of three AA individuals with high reticulocytosis recuperating from nutritional anemias (41.7±10 FU). In addition, we observed significant interindividual variation of this KCl efflux in the discocyte fraction of SS blood. Cell swelling markedly stimulated the KCl efflux, in SS whole blood (9.8±7.4 FU, in SS young cells (13±13 FU), and in AA young cells (21.4±11 FU). The activity of the Na–K–Cl cotransport, as estimated by the bumetanide sensitive K+ efflux was not found to be cell-age dependent in either AA or SS cells.Measurements of red cell density by isopycnic gradients indicated that 27% of the young cells reduce their volume by a Cl-dependent process in hypotonic or low pH-induced swelling.The large volume-stimulated KCl efflux in AA young cells raises the possibility that these fluxes may be involved in the maturation of erythropoietic precursors. The high activity in the red cells of sickle cell anemia patients and its interindividual variation may have pathophysiological consequences since it reverses the decrease in the intracellular concentration of hemoglobin which occurs in response to low pH or osmolarity, an unwelcome pro-sickling event.  相似文献
9.
目的:研究再生障碍性贫血(aplasticanemia,从)患者骨髓间充质干细胞(mesenchymalstemcells,MSCs)的生物学特性和初步探讨其异常和AA发生的可能关系。方法:取AA患者骨髓间充质干细胞,测定其生长曲线和倍增时间;流式细胞仪检测其细胞周期和免疫表型;体外定向诱导其向脂肪、成骨、内皮和神经细胞分化;用real-timePCR及油红O染色法比较AA和正常对照组MSCs的成脂分化的不同。结果:AA患者和正常成人的MSCs均呈梭形贴壁生长;AA组细胞倍增时间长于对照组;CD105、CD44、CD29、CD106、FlK-1均阳性;96.51%的细胞处在G0/G1期;AA患者的MSCs保持了多向分化潜能,体外诱导形成脂滴较对照组早,诱导早期的脂蛋白脂酶表达增高。结论:再生障碍性贫血患者的骨髓间充质干细胞增殖能力较正常成人弱,骨髓间充质干细胞的易成脂性可能参与了再障的发病环节。  相似文献
10.
Chromosomal breakage syndromes and the BRCA1 genome surveillance complex   总被引:6,自引:0,他引:6  
Chromosomal instability can occur when the DNA damage response and repair process fails, resulting in syndromes characterized by growth abnormalities, hematopoietic defects, mutagen sensitivity, and cancer predisposition. Mutations in ATM, NBS1, MRE11, BLM, WRN, and FANCD2 are responsible for ataxia telangiectasia (AT), Nijmegen breakage syndrome, AT-like disorder, Bloom and Werner syndrome, and Fanconi anemia group D2, respectively. This diverse group of disorders is thought to be linked through protein interactions with the breast cancer tumor susceptibility gene product, BRCA1. BRCA1 forms a multi-subunit protein complex referred to as the BRCA1-associated genome surveillance complex (BASC), which includes DNA damage repair proteins such as MSH2-MSH6 and MLH1, as well as ATM, NBS1, MRE11, and BLM. Although still controversial, this finding suggests similarities in the pathogenesis of the human chromosome breakage syndromes and a complementary role for each protein in DNA structure surveillance or damage repair.  相似文献
设为首页 | 免责声明 | 关于勤云 | 加入收藏

Copyright©北京勤云科技发展有限公司  京ICP备09084417号