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嘉兴石臼漾湿地冬季浮游植物群落结构特征   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
2010年冬季对嘉兴石臼漾饮用水水源人工湿地水体的浮游植物群落结构进行了调查,以探索湿地净化措施对浮游植物群落结构的影响.结果表明:在石臼漾湿地共发现浮游植物77种,隶属7门39属,其中硅藻门最多,为14属33种;优势种有变异直链藻、梅尼小环藻、菱形藻、色球藻、针晶蓝纤维藻、四尾栅藻、小型黄丝藻等,梅尼小环藻优势度最大,为0.144.石臼漾湿地冬季浮游植物平均密度为1.28×106 cell·L-1;出水口密度最低,为6.80×105cell·L-1,并且出水口蓝藻细胞的密度仅为进水口的14.9%(P<0.05).各采样点Shannon多样性指数为0.94 ~1.27.经聚类和多维尺度分析,石臼漾湿地冬季浮游植物群落可分为根孔沿岸带群落、根孔植物床流水型群落(2种)、深度净化湖区静水型群落和湿地源水群落五大类;各采样点生态环境及水体流速的不同是五类群落产生的主要影响因素.  相似文献
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多元统计方法在节肢动物群落分析中的应用   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
杨兵  戈峰 《昆虫知识》2013,50(4):1178-1189
近年来有关节肢动物群落的研究报道较多,而传统的、简单的多样性指数分析远远不能满足对高通量群落数据的挖掘.采用多元统计方法可以较好地分析群落数据.其中,在研究某一处理的长期效应时,主响应曲线是一种经典的多元分折方法;而非度量多维尺度分析具有能处理较大量的数据且常能以低维排序图反映结果的优点,是一种具有广泛应用前景的排序技术.本文以Bt棉与非Bt棉不同比例混作棉田的节肢动物群落为例,详尽地介绍了主响应曲线和非度量多维尺度在节肢动物群落分析中的应用.  相似文献
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Comparative analyses of bacterial community successions in the composting materials were done for a conventional windrow post-treatment (WPOT) process with the hyperthermophilic pre-treatment (HTPRT) and simple windrow composting (SWC; without the HTPRT). Multidimensional scaling profiles based on data of terminal restriction fragment length polymorphisms of the bacterial population in the samples of every 7 days composting material and analyses of the 16S rRNA gene-based clone library of the 7 and 21 days composting materials suggested that bacterial communities of the composting materials differed much between these two processes until the 35 days of composting, whereas that they were closely related to each other at the final composting stage (42 days of composting). Detailed phylogenetic analysis clarified that all WPOT clone libraries contained many clones of the lineages of aerobic bacteria (for example, bacilli). However, the most abundant clones retrieved from all SWC materials were affiliated with a clone cluster closely related to identified and classified members of the phylum Firmicutes that have strictly anaerobic metabolism pathways. From these results, we conclude that the HTPRT process contributed to easily establish an aerobic ecosystem from the early stage to the final stage of WPOT composting with plowing the materials only once a week.  相似文献
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The microbial diversity and community succession of a circulation flush toilet were investigated by terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism and cloning analyses. Clonal libraries of 16S rRNA gene on day 3 and day 127 were constructed. On day 3, 102 clones were sequenced; Proteobacteria and Bacteroidetes accounted for 27% and 45%, respectively. On day 127, Proteobacteria had increased to 43% and Bacteroidetes had decreased to 26% of a total of 100 clones. Terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism peaks were identified by in silico analysis of clone libraries. The relative abundances of Nitrosomonas increased from 1% to 6% with commencement of nitrification and denitrification. Similarly, the relative abundance of terminal restriction fragments generated from Xanthomonas increased from 3% to 10%. Therefore, these bacteria could play a prominent role in this process. To reveal the relationship between stability of the microbial community and performance of the system, microbial community succession was visualized by multidimensional scaling analysis. The microbial community structure changed markedly, particularly during the start-up period of the system. The plots then became stable after the start of nitrification and denitrification. This result suggests that the succession of microbial community structure had a correlation with the performance of the system.  相似文献
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