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A fungus associated with a horntail,Urocerus antennatus, in Ibaraki, Kochi, and Nagasaki Prefectures, was studied. Cultures isolated from the mycangia of 12 adult females ofU. antennatus showed the same cultural characteristics as those ofAmylostereum laevigatum. One mycangial isolate produced basidiocarps on the stem segments ofCryptomeria japonica by artificial inoculation and was identified asA. laevigatum. These results indicate that onlyA. laevigatum is carried in the mycangia ofU. antennatus in Ibaraki, Kochi, and Nagasaki Prefectures.  相似文献
2.
The fungus associated with the Japanese horntail,Urocerus japonicus, in Kochi, Kagawa and Ehime Prefectures was studied. Cultures isolated from the mycangia of 113 adult females of the horntail showed the same cultural characteristics. Four of basidiocarps found on felled logs ofCryptomeria japonica were identifieds asAmylostereum laevigatum based on morphological characteristics. This was the first record ofA. laevigatum from Japan. The cultures isolated from the basidiocarps had the same cultural characteristics as those from the mycangia ofU. japonicus. One mycangial isolate produced basidiocarps on artificially inoculated stem segments ofCr. japonica after a 6-mo incubation and was identified asA. laevigatum. One isolate from the basidiocarps ofA. laevigatum and one from the mycangium ofU. japonicus were artificially inoculated into five trees each ofChamaecyparis obtusa andCr. japonica. The wood of all inoculated trees showed discoloration, with no difference in shape and pattern of discoloration between the two isolates. The inoculated fungi were reisolated from the areas of discoloration in the inoculated trees.  相似文献
3.
A fungus was found to be stored in the mycangia of a horntail,Tremex longicollis, as hyphal fragments. All fungal isolates from the mycangia of 31 adult females of the horntail produced the same colonies on PDA. Basidiocarps ofCerrena unicolor occurred near the emergence hole of the horntail on a dead hackberry tree (Celtis sinensis). The cultures of this fungus were similar to those from the mycangia of the horntail in cultural characteristics. Mating between single-basidiospore mycelia ofC. unicolor and single-arthrospore mycelia from the mycangia of the horntail showed that they were compatible. These results revealed that the fungus isolated from the mycangia ofT. longicollis wasC. unicolor.  相似文献
4.
The ‘Symphyta’ is a paraphyletic assemblage at the base of the order Hymenoptera, comprising 14 families and about 8750 species. All have phytophagous larvae, except for the Orussidae, which are parasitoids. This study presents and evaluates the results of DNA barcoding of approximately 5360 specimens of ‘Symphyta’, mainly adults, and 4362 sequences covering 1037 species were deemed of suitable quality for inclusion in the analysis. All extant families are represented, except for the Anaxyelidae. The majority of species and specimens are from Europe, but approximately 38% of the species and 13% of the specimens are of non‐European origin. The utility of barcoding for species identification and taxonomy of ‘Symphyta’ is discussed on the basis of examples from each of the included families. A significant level of cryptic species diversity was apparent in many groups. Other attractive applications include the identification of immature stages without the need to rear them, community analyses based on metabarcoding of bulk samples and association of the sexes of adults.  相似文献
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