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1.
小鼠全血中谷胱甘肽过氧化物酶活力的微量测定法   总被引:67,自引:0,他引:67       下载免费PDF全文
报道了用分光光度计法直接测定小鼠全血中谷胱甘肽过氧化物酶GSH-PX活力的方法.取血样10μl,423nm为测定波长,三氯醋酸为蛋白沉淀剂,在pH6.5,3min的酶反应条件下,反应剩余的谷胱甘肽和其与DTNB试剂反应生成的颜色产物成线性相关.该法灵敏度高,重复性好,所需仪器简单,可成为科研及临床研究工作中分析全血中GSH-PX的重要方法之一  相似文献
2.
Salt damage to plants has been attributed to a combination of several factors including mainly osmotic stress and the accumulation of toxic ions. Recent findings in our laboratory showed that phospholipid hydroperoxide glutathione peroxidase (PHGPX), an enzyme active in the cellular antioxidant system, was induced by salt in citrus cells and mainly in roots of plants. Following this observation we studied the two most important enzymes active in elimination of reactive oxygen species, namely, superoxide dismutase (SOD) and ascorbate peroxidase (APX), to determine whether a general oxidative stress is induced by salt. While Cu/Zn-SOD activity and cytosolic APX protein level were similarly induced by salt and methyl viologen, the response of PHGPX and other APX isozymes was either specific to salt or methyl viologen, respectively. Unlike PHGPX, cytosolic APX and Cu/Zn-SOD were not induced by exogenously added abscisic acid. Salt induced a significant increase in SOD activity which was not matched by the subsequent enzyme APX. We suggest that the excess of H2O2 interacts with lipids to form hydroperoxides which in turn induce and are removed by PHGPX. Ascorbate peroxidase seems to be a key enzyme in determining salt tolerance in citrus as its constitutive activity in salt-sensitive callus is far below the activity observed in salt-tolerant callus, while the activities of other enzymes involved in the defence against oxidative stress, namely SOD, glutathione reductase and PHGPX, are essentially similar. Received: 10 January 1997 / Accepted: 28 May 1997  相似文献
3.
谷胱甘肽的解毒作用与毒性代谢物   总被引:27,自引:0,他引:27       下载免费PDF全文
谷胱甘肽是细胞内重要的含SH基的非蛋白分子,它对氧自由基、有机氢过氧化物以及亲电子剂的灭活起着极重要的作用.但近年来的研究表明,一些连位二卤烷烃、卤烯烃、含酮结构的化合物以及一些异氰酸酯、异硫氰酸酯、醛、α,β-不饱和醛等与谷胱甘肽轭合后可导致毒性代谢物的形成.  相似文献
4.
云芝多糖对巨噬细胞GPx基因表达的影响   总被引:21,自引:0,他引:21  
细胞内存在两种谷胱甘肽过氧化物酶;硒谷胱甘肽过氧化物酶和非硒谷肽甘肽过氧化物酶,它们在保护细胞免受氧化损伤等过程中起重要作用。为揭示云芝多糖作用与细胞抗氧化酶的关系,采用酶活性测定,斑点杂交等方法,探讨云芝多糖对小鼠腹腔巨噬细胞过氧化物酶表达的影响。结果显示,腹腔注射云芝多糖可以提高小鼠腹腔巨噬细胞的两种过氧化物酶活性,并使其mRNA含量增加,应用阻断剂的研究发现,云芝多糖对巨噬细胞SeGPx及G  相似文献
5.
Plant glutathione peroxidases   总被引:21,自引:0,他引:21  
Oxidative stress in plants causes the induction of several enzymes, including superoxide dismutase (EC 1.15.1.1), ascorbate peroxidase (EC 1.11.1.11) and glutathione reductase (EC 1.6.4.2). The first two are responsible for converting superoxide to H2O2 and its subsequent reduction to H2O, and the third is involved in recycling of ascorbate. Glutathione peroxidases (GPXs, EC 1.11.1.9) are a family of key enzymes involved in scavenging oxyradicals in animals. Only recently, indications for the existence of this enzyme in plants were reported. Genes with significant sequence homology to one member of the animal GPX family, namely phospholipid hydroperoxide glutathione peroxidase (PHGPX), were isolated from several plants. Cit-SAP, the protein product encoded by the citrus csa gene, which is induced by salt-stress, is so far the only plant PHGPX that has been isolated and characterized. This protein differs from the animal PHGPX in its rate of enzymatic activity and in containing a Cys instead of selenocysteine (Sec) as its presumed catalytic residue. The physiological role of Cit-SAP and its homologs in other plants is not yet known.  相似文献
6.
动物抗氧化系统中主要抗氧化酶基因的研究进展   总被引:19,自引:0,他引:19       下载免费PDF全文
抗氧化系统是机体清除体内多余的活性氧、保护自身免受氧化损伤的重要体系,其中超氧化物歧化酶、过氧化氢酶、谷胱甘肽过氧化物酶等起主要作用。本文将对动物抗氧化系统中,超氧化物歧化酶、过氧化氢酶和谷胱甘肽过氧化物酶基因的种类、分布、结构及表达进行综述。  相似文献
7.
Abstract: Homogenates of perfused rat brain generated oxidized glutathione from reduced glutathione during incubation with dopamine or serotonin. This activity was blocked by pargyline. a monoamine oxidase inhibitor, or by catalase, a scavenger of hydrogen peroxide. These results demonstrate formation of hydrogen peroxide by monoamine oxidase and the coupling of the peroxide to glutathione peroxidase activity. Oxidized glutathione was measured fluorometrically via the oxidation of NADPH by glutathione reductase. In the absence of added dopamine or serotonin, a much smaller amount of reduced glutathione was oxidized: this activity was blocked by catalase, but not by pargyline. Therefore, endogenous production of hydrogen peroxide, not linked to monoamine oxidase activity, was present. These results indicate that glutathione peroxidase (linked to hexose monophosphate shunt activity) can function to eliminate hydrogen peroxide generated by monoamine oxidase and other endogenous sources in aminergic neurons.  相似文献
8.
9.
A gene encoding for a citrus salt-stress-associated protein (Cit-SAP) was cloned from Citrus sinensis salt-treated cell suspension. The gene, designated csa, was isolated from a cDNA expression library. The partial amino acid sequence of the protein, as well as that deduced from the nucleotide sequence of csa, revealed a considerable homology to mammalian glutathione peroxidase (GP), and to clone 6P229 from tobacco protoplasts. The increased expression of Cit-SAP in NaCl-treated cultured citrus cells and in citrus plants irrigated with saline water, and its similarity to GP, raise the possibility that one of the effects of salt stress in plants may be the increase of the level of free radicals.  相似文献
10.
植物谷胱甘肽过氧化物酶研究进展   总被引:15,自引:1,他引:14  
氧化胁迫可诱导植物多种防御酶的产生,其中包括超氧化物歧化酶(SOD,EC1.15.L1)、抗坏血酸过氧化物酶(APX,EC1.11.1.11)、过氧化氢酶(CAT,E.C.1.11.1.6)和谷胱甘肽过氧化物酶(GPXs,EC1.11.1.9).它们在清除活性氧过程中起着不同的作用.GPXs是动物体内清除氧自由基的主要酶类,但它在植物中的功能报道甚少.最近几年研究表明,植物体内也存在类似于哺乳动物的GPXs家族,并对其功能研究已初见端倪.本文综述了有关GPXs的结构以及植物GPXs功能的研究进展.  相似文献
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