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A geraniol-synthase gene from Cinnamomum tenuipilum   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
Yang T  Li J  Wang HX  Zeng Y 《Phytochemistry》2005,66(3):285-293
Geraniol may accumulate up to 86-98% of the leaf essential oils in geraniol chemotypes of the evergreen camphor tree Cinnamomum tenuipilum. A similarity-based cloning strategy yielded a cDNA clone that appeared to encode a terpene synthase and which could be phylogenetically grouped within the angiosperm monoterpene synthase/subfamily. After its expression in Escherichia coli and enzyme assay with prenyl diphosphates as substrates, the enzyme encoded by the putative C. tenuipilum monoterpene synthase gene was shown to specifically convert geranyl diphosphate to geraniol as a single product by GC-MS analysis. Biochemical characterization of the partially purified recombinant protein revealed a strong dependency for Mg2+ and Mn2+, and an apparent Michaelis constant of 55.8 microM for geranyl diphosphate. Thus, a new member of the monoterpene synthase family was identified and designated as CtGES. The genome contains a single copy of CtGES gene. Expression of CtGES was exclusively observed in the geraniol chemotype of C. tenuipilum. Furthermore, in situ hybridization analysis demonstrated that CtGES mRNA was localized in the oil cells of the leaves.  相似文献
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Geraniol and linalool synthases from wild species of perilla   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
Geraniol and linalool synthases were isolated from three pure strains of Perilla hirtella and Perilla setoyensis, which are wild species of perilla. Their amino acid sequences were very similar to those of Perilla citriodora and Perilla frutescens that were reported previously. However, comparison of the sequences of the same functional synthases derived from different species of Perilla demonstrated that the similarities were high among P. citriodora, P. hirtella and P. frutescens, but low between P. setoyensis and any of the others. This result corresponds well with our previous results showing that P. setoyensis is remotely related to the other perilla species. Both geraniol and linalool synthases utilize geranyl diphosphate (GDP) as their catalytic substrate and they were expressed simultaneously in perilla. The linalool synthase is considered to be the enzyme whose metabolite seems not to be oxidized nor reduced in the plant body and the geraniol and limonene synthases are the initial-step-catalyzing enzymes for a variety of oil compounds. The regulation of the substrate flow between them would be interesting for further study.  相似文献
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Ito M  Honda G 《Phytochemistry》2007,68(4):446-453
Geraniol synthases were isolated from five pure strains of Perilla citriodora and Perilla frutescens which vary in essential oil type, the main compounds of which were citral, elsholtziaketone, perillaketone, and perillene, respectively. This result supports the putative biosynthetic pathways of these three furylalkenes which are all produced by way of citral. Nucleotide sequences of geraniol synthases from three oil types of P. citriodora were identical, and almost the same as the sequence from P. frutescens, a species with twice the chromosome number of P. citriodora. This identity in sequence between P. citriodora and P. frutescens, together with other previous results, indicates that P. frutescens was formed as an amphidiploid of P. citriodora and an unknown wild species.  相似文献
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香叶醇合酶(geraniol synthase,GES)是香叶醇形成过程中非常重要的酶,是萜类代谢途径的限速酶。根据课题组广藿香转录组数据中的GES 转录本序列设计基因全长扩增引物,采用RT PCR方法克隆了广藿香GES基因的全长cDNA序列。对该基因进行了相关的生物信息学分析,并利用荧光实时定量PCR法检测了PcGES1基因在4个广藿香栽培种中不同时期茎、叶中的表达情况。结果显示:广藿香GES基因包含一个完整的ORF框,长1 734 bp,编码577个氨基酸,命名为PcGES1,GenBank登录号为KF926075 ;PcGES1基因编码的氨基酸序列与罗勒GES基因编码的氨基酸序列最为相近。广藿香GES蛋白定位在叶绿体中,无跨膜区域。PcGES1主要在叶中表达,老叶中表达量最高;从不同栽培种来看,PcGES1在石牌广藿香和高要广藿香中表达模式相似,在海南广藿香与印尼广藿香中表达相似,在海南广藿香老叶中表达最高。该研究结果为进一步阐明广藿香萜类代谢途径奠定了基础。  相似文献
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Plant monoterpenoids belong to a large family of plant secondary metabolites with valuable applications in cosmetics and medicine. Their usual low levels and difficult purification justify the need for alternative fermentative processes for large-scale production. Geranyl diphosphate is the universal precursor of monoterpenoids. In yeast it occurs exclusively as an intermediate of farnesyl diphosphate synthesis. In the present study we investigated the potential use of Saccharomyces cerevisiae as an alternative engineering tool. The expression of geraniol synthase of Ocimum basilicum in yeast allowed a strong and specific excretion of geraniol to the growth medium, in contrast to mutants defective in farnesyl diphosphate synthase which excreted geraniol and linalool in similar amounts. A further increase of geraniol synthesis was obtained using yeast mutants defective in farnesyl diphosphate synthase. We also showed that geraniol synthase expression affects the general ergosterol pathway, but in a manner dependent on the genetic background of the strain.  相似文献
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