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为了研究E cadherin基因启动子甲基化在胃癌发生及发展阶段中的作用 ,我们采用甲基化特异性PCR和免疫组化的方法对异型增生 (2 3例 )、早期胃癌 (2 0例 )和进展期胃癌 (2 0例 )石蜡标本进行启动子甲基化状态及蛋白表达的分析。结果表明E cadherin基因启动子在异型增生、早期胃癌和进展期胃癌中均有甲基化 ,其阳性率分别为78 3% ,80 %和 90 % ,经χ2 检验各病例组与正常组 (30 % )比较均有差异 (P <0 0 5 ) ,但各病例组间没有差异 (P >0 0 5 ) ;进展期胃癌E cadherin蛋白表达全部阴性 ,早期胃癌 70 %阴性 ,异型增生中无蛋白阴性 ,在早期胃癌和进展期胃癌 34例蛋白表达阴性的标本中 31例有启动子甲基化 (91 2 % ) ,蛋白表达与启动子甲基化呈明显负相关 (P <0 0 1)。表明E cadherin启动子甲基化是胃癌发生的早期事件 ,也是胃癌发生、进展的重要事件  相似文献
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Although leptin is known to induce proliferative response in gastric cancer cells, the mechanism(s) underlying this action remains poorly understood. Here, we provide evidence that leptin-induced gastric cancer cell proliferation involves activation of STAT and ERK2 signaling pathways. Leptin-induced STAT3 phosphorylation is independent of ERK2 activation. Leptin increases SHP2 phosphorylation and enhances binding of Grb2 to SHP2. Inhibition of SHP2 expression with siRNA but not SHP2 phosphatase activity abolished leptin-induced ERK2 activation. While JAK inhibition with AG490 significantly reduced leptin-induced ERK2, STAT3 phosphorylation, and cell proliferation, SHP2 inhibition only partially reduced cancer cell proliferation. Immunostaining of gastric cancer tissues displayed local overexpression of leptin and its receptor indicating that leptin might be produced and act locally in a paracrine or autocrine manner. These findings indicate that leptin promotes cancer growth by activating multiple signaling pathways and therefore blocking its action at the receptor level could be a rational therapeutic strategy.  相似文献
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High expression of PRL-3, a protein tyrosine phosphatase, is proved to be associated with lymph node metastasis in gastric carcinoma from previous studies. In this paper, we examined the relationship between PRL-3 expression and peritoneal metastasis in gastric carcinoma. We applied the artificial miRNA (pCMV-PRL3miRNA), which is based on the murine miR-155 sequence, to efficiently silence the target gene expression of PRL-3 in SGC7901 gastric cancer cells at both mRNA and protein levels. Then we observed that, in vitro, pCMV-PRL3miRNA significantly depressed the SGC7901 cell invasion and migration independent of cellular proliferation. In vivo, PRL-3 knockdown effectively suppressed the growth of peritoneal metastases and improved the prognosis in nude mice. Therefore, we concluded that artificial miRNA can depress the expression of PRL-3, and that PRL-3 might be a potential therapeutic target for gastric cancer peritoneal metastasis.  相似文献
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探讨了桦褐孔茵提取物对胃癌MCC-803细胞株的抗增殖、诱导凋亡作用及对凋亡相关基因表达的影响。MTT比色法结果显示,桦褐孔茵提取物在0.5~16.0μg/mL.范围内(其IC50为4μg/mL)对胃癌MCC-803细胞株均有抑制作用,并表现出浓度依赖性关系;凋亡形态学观察结果,药物浓度2μg/mL,作用时间12~24h后,细胞核染色质固缩并凝结成块,聚集在核膜周边,调亡小体形成;TUNEL法检测结果,不同浓度药物均诱导胃癌MCC-803细胞株凋亡,细胞凋亡率随药物浓度增加而上升,显示明显的量效关系。Ki-67抗原检测结果,不同浓度药物均抑制胃癌MCC-803细胞株增殖,表现出浓度、时间依赖性关系;2μg/mL桦褐孔茵提取物作用胃癌MCC-803细胞株48h之后,明显下调Bcl-2基因蛋白表达。因此,通过此项研究可得出,桦褐孔茵提取物对胃癌MCC-803细胞株有抗增殖作用和诱导凋亡作用,其凋亡的分子生物学机制可能与下调凋亡抑制基因Bcl-2表达有一定关系。  相似文献
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Peritoneal wash cytology plays a pivotal role in the decision for gastric cancer treatment because advanced gastric cancer often turns out incurable with peritoneal metastasis. Molecular detection of minimal cancer cells from peritoneal washings may overcome the sensitivity boundary of conventional cytology and contribute to the prediction of the disease outcome. To select marker candidates out of ten thousands of genes, we performed microarray analyses in 12 gastric cell lines and 8 peritoneal washings of early stage cases. With 40 candidates selected by the above expression profiling, RT-PCR in 16 representative peritoneal wash samples was performed to identify genes specific to cytology positive samples. The finally selected five genes, CK20, FABP1, MUC2, TFF1, and TFF2, were then evaluated for their utility as a marker for minimal residual disease in 99 peritoneal wash samples. Nested RT-PCR using the five genes showed positive results highly specific to incurable cases (91-100%). With a high specificity, the combination of these five genes succeeded in identifying 6 out of 20 (30%) additional patients with all types of early recurrence that could not be predicted by the conventional method. The six newly identified recurrences included four non-peritoneal ones, showing that RT-PCR using the five genes without a real-time quantitative PCR technique contributes to the detection of minimal residual disease.  相似文献
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RNAi引起的Paxillin和p130Cas下调抑制胃癌细胞失巢性生长   总被引:11,自引:0,他引:11       下载免费PDF全文
 P130Cas和paxillin分子是整合素家族下游重要的衔接分子.为了探索这两个分子在肿瘤细胞抗失巢凋亡中的作用,应用RNAi技术分别抑制抗失巢凋亡的胃癌细胞BGC82 3中paxillin和p130cas基因的表达,观察它们对细胞失巢性生长的影响.依据siRNA设计原则,分别设计针对p130cas和paxillin的两条序列;成功的构建了特异性封闭上述两分子的载体pWH1 p130cas和pWH1 paxillin .构建的载体瞬时转染贴壁培养和失巢培养的BGC82 3后,RT PCR和Western印迹检测发现paxillin和p130Cas分子在mRNA及蛋白水平的表达量均明显降低;倒置显微镜下观察发现,贴壁培养的胃癌细胞发生皱缩、脱落;失巢培养的细胞聚集成团的现象受到明显抑制,细胞团比对照组小,且较松散;MTT实验结果表明,失巢培养的BGC82 3pWH1 paxillin 组细胞存活率(32 19%±6 11% )和BGC82 3pWH1 p13 0cas组细胞存活率(2 8 5 2 %±5 0 2 % )与对照组相比显著下降(P <0 0 1vscontrol) ;FCM实验结果发现与失巢培养的对照组相比,BGC82 3pWH1 paxillin和BGC82 3pWH1 p13 0cas组细胞G1期抬高,并出现了凋亡峰.运用RNAi技术分别抑制了BGC82 3细胞中paxillin和p130Cas分子的表达,初步证明paxillin和p130Cas是细胞存活的重要信号分子,在肿瘤细胞抗失巢凋亡过程中具有重要的作用.  相似文献
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The protein of programmed cell death 5 (PDCD5) is believed to participate in regulation of apoptosis. Although PDCD5 is reducibly expressed in various human tumors, it is not clear which expression level of PDCD5 is in gastric cancer (GC). In this study, we have systematically employed the approaches of RT-PCR, Real- time PCR, Immunohistochemistry (IHC), Immunofluorescence staining (IFS) and Western blot to determine the PDCD5 expression in GC cells and primary tumors, at mRNA and protein level, respectively. Our data revealed that the positive rate of PDCD5 expression in the gastric tumor tissues was significantly less than that of the normal tissues (14 out of 102 vs 36 out of 51), whereas, the decreased expression of PDCD5 protein was well correlated with the up-regulated expression of Bcl-2 in these tissues, and the up-regulated expression and nuclear translocation of PDCD5 protein were verified in the apoptotic GC cells induced by Diallyl trisulfide (DATS). Furthermore, the survival curve has suggested that the more PDCD5 expressions were found in the patients, the longer the survival periods were. Therefore, our observations lay down a reasonable postulation that PDCD5 may play a key role to regulate the apoptotic processes in the GC cells and gastric tumors.  相似文献
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Identification and characterization of a novel cancer/testis antigen gene CAGE   总被引:10,自引:0,他引:10  
We applied serological analysis of cDNA expression library technique to identify cancer-associated genes. We screened cDNA expression libraries of human testis and gastric cancer cell lines with sera of patients with gastric cancers. We identified a gene whose expression is testis-specific among normal tissues. We cloned and characterized this novel gene. It contains D-E-A-D box domain and encodes a putative protein of 630 amino acids with possible helicase activity. It showed wide expression in various cancer tissues and cancer cell lines. The corresponding gene was named cancer-associated gene (CAGE). PCR of human x hamster Radiation Hybrids showed localization of CAGE on the human chromosome Xp22. Transient transfection of CAGE showed predominantly nuclear localization. Both Western blot and plaque assay indicated seroreactivity of CAGE protein. We found that demethylation played a role in the activation of CAGE in some cancer cell lines that do not express it. Cell synchronization experiments showed that the expression of CAGE was related with cell cycle. This suggests that CAGE might play a role in cellular proliferation. Because CAGE is expressed in a variety of cancers but not in normal tissues except testis, this gene can be a target of antitumor immunotherapy.  相似文献
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