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1.
MicroRNA biogenesis and function in plants   总被引:31,自引:0,他引:31  
Chen X 《FEBS letters》2005,579(26):5923-5931
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Survey of transposable elements from rice genomic sequences   总被引:27,自引:0,他引:27  
Oryza sativa L. (domesticated rice) is a monocotyledonous plant, and its 430 Mb genome has been targeted for complete sequencing. We performed a high-resolution computer-based survey for transposable elements on 910 Kb of rice genomic DNA sequences. Both class I and II transposable elements were present, contributing 19.9% of the sequences surveyed. Class II elements greatly outnumbered class I elements (166 versus 22), although class I elements made up a greater percentage (12.2% versus 6.6%) of nucleotides surveyed. Several Mutator-like elements (MULEs) were identified, including rice elements that harbor truncated host cellular genes. MITEs (miniature inverted-repeat transposable elements) account for 71.6% of the mined transposable elements and are clearly the predominant type of transposable element in the sequences examined. Moreover, a putative Stowaway transposase has been identified based on shared sequence similarity with the mined MITEs and previously identified plant mariner-like elements (MLEs). Members of a group of novel rice elements resembling the structurally unusual members of the Basho family in Arabidopsis suggest a wide distribution of these transposons among plants. Our survey provides a preview of transposable element diversity and abundance in rice, and allows for comparison with genomes of other plant species.  相似文献
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The functions of two rice MADS-box genes were studied by the loss-of-function approach. The first gene, OsMADS4, shows a significant homology to members in the PISTILLATA (PI) family, which is required to specify petal and stamen identity. The second gene, OsMADS3, is highly homologous to the members in the AGAMOUS (AG) family that is essential for the normal development of the internal two whorls, the stamen and carpel, of the flower. These two rice MADS box cDNA clones were connected to the maize ubiquitin promoter in an antisense orientation and the fusion molecules were introduced to rice plants by the Agrobacterium-mediated transformation method. Transgenic plants expressing antisense OsMADS4 displayed alterations of the second and third whorls. The second-whorl lodicules, which are equivalent to the petals of dicot plants in grasses, were altered into palea/lemma-like organs, and the third whorl stamens were changed to carpel-like organs. Loss-of-function analysis of OsMADS3 showed alterations in the third and fourth whorls. In the third whorl, the filaments of the transgenic plants were changed into thick and fleshy bodies, similar to lodicules. Rather than making a carpel, the fourth whorl produced several abnormal flowers. These phenotypes are similar to those of the agamous and plena mutants in Arabidopsis and Antirrhinum, respectively. These results suggest that OsMADS4 belongs to the class B gene family and OsMADS3 belongs to the class C gene family of floral organ identity determination.  相似文献
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APETALA1 and SEPALLATA3 interact to promote flower development   总被引:18,自引:0,他引:18  
In Arabidopsis, the closely related APETALA1 (AP1) and CAULIFLOWER (CAL) MADS-box genes share overlapping roles in promoting flower meristem identity. Later in flower development, the AP1 gene is required for normal development of sepals and petals. Studies of MADS-domain proteins in diverse species have shown that they often function as heterodimers or in larger ternary complexes, suggesting that additional proteins may interact with AP1 and CAL during flower development. To identify proteins that may interact with AP1 and CAL, we used the yeast two-hybrid assay. Among the five MADS-box genes identified in this screen, the SEPALLATA3 (SEP3) gene was chosen for further study. Mutations in the SEP3 gene, as well as SEP3 antisense plants that have a reduction in SEP3 RNA, display phenotypes that closely resemble intermediate alleles of AP1. Furthermore, the early flowering phenotype of plants constitutively expressing AP1 is significantly enhanced by constitutive SEP3 expression. Taken together, these studies suggest that SEP3 interacts with AP1 to promote normal flower development.  相似文献
6.
MADS box genes expressed in developing inflorescences of rice and sorghum   总被引:16,自引:0,他引:16  
With the aim of elucidating the complex genetic system controlling flower morphogenesis in cereals, we have characterized two rice and two sorghum MADS box genes isolated from cDNA libraries made from developing inflorescences. The rice clones OsMADS24 and OsMADS45, which share high homology with the Arabidopsis AGL2 and AGL4 MADS box genes, are expressed in the floral meristem, in all the primordia, and in mature floral organs. High expression levels have also been found in developing kernels. The sorghum clone SbMADS1 is also homologous to AGL2 and AGL4: expression analysis and mapping data suggest that it is the ortholog of OsMADS24. The pattern of expression of SbMADS2, the other sorghum MADS box gene, suggests that it may play a role as a meristem identity gene, as does AP1 in Arabidopsis, to which it shows considerable homology. The four genes have been mapped on a rice RFLP genetic map: the results are discussed in terms of synteny among cereals. Received: 25 April 1996 / Accepted: 29 August 1996  相似文献
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王利琳  梁海曼  庞基良  朱睦元 《遗传》2004,26(1):137-142
重点综述了拟南芥花分生组织特征基因——LEAFY(LFY)基因及其同源基因在花发育中的网络调控及其生物学功能。LFY基因广泛表达于高等植物的营养性和生殖性组织。LFY基因需要与其他基因相互作用,並且表达量达到一定水平时才能促进成花。LFY基因处于成花调控网络的关键位置,不仅调控开花时间和花转变,而且在花序和花的发育中也起重要作用。碳源、植物激素等因子直接或间接地影响LFY基因的表达和作用。提示通过掌握LFY基因的表达调控规律进一步探讨成花机理的可行性。 Abstract:Recent research progress on regulation network and biological roles of LFY gene in Arabidopsis thaliana and its homologue genes in floral development are reviewed emphatically in the present paper.LFY gene expresses widely in both vegetative and reproductive tissues in different higher plants,therefore investigation on role of LFY gene on flowering is of general significance.LFY gene plays an important role to promote flower formation by interaction and coordination with other genes,such as TFL,EMF,AP1,AP2,CAL,FWA,FT,AP3,PI,AG,UFO,CO,LD,GA1 etc,and a critical level of LFY expression is essential.LFY gene not only controls flowering-time and floral transition,but also plays an important role in inflorescence and floral organ development.It was situated at the central site in gene network of flowering regulation,positively or negatively regulates the level or activities of flowering-related genes.Some physiological factors,such as carbon sources,phytohormones,affect directly or indirectly the expression and actions of LFY gene.This indicates that level of LFY expression can also be regulated with physiological methods.It is probable that we can explain the principal mechanism of flowering by regulation network of LFY gene.  相似文献
10.
植物LEAFY同源基因的研究进展   总被引:14,自引:1,他引:13  
本文就近10年来LEAFY(简写为LFY)同源基因的研究进展做了综合分析.通过对19种植物中已分离到的LFY同源基因的序列比较分析发现:LFY同源基因编码区核苷酸和氨基酸序列同源性都较高;在双子叶植物基因组中,拷贝数却有所不同.该基因的表达特性显示其在不同植物中表达的时间和空间有所差异.根据已知序列推导的氨基酸序列构建的系统进化树表明,单子叶植物与裸子植物的亲缘关系近于双子叶与裸子植物的亲缘关系.上述研究资料为植物成花机理研究提供了重要参考,且在研究植物系统进化方面也具有重要的意义.  相似文献
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