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Stable transformation of petunia plastids   总被引:10,自引:0,他引:10  
Plastid transformation results in stably expressed foreign genes, which for most Angiosperms are largely excluded from sperm cells, thereby greatly reducing the risk of foreign gene spread through pollen. Prior to this work, fertile plastid transformants were restricted to tobacco, tomato and Lesquerella . Application of plastid engineering in the important floriculture industry requires the development of stable plastid transformation in a major ornamental plant species such as Petunia hybrida. Here we describe the successful isolation of fertile and stable plastid transformants in a commercial cultivar of P. hybrida (var. Pink Wave). Plastid targeting regions from tobacco were used to integrate aad A and gusA between the acc D and rbc L genes of P. hybrida plastid DNA following particle bombardment of leaves. For three spectinomycin and streptomycin resistant lines, DNA blot analysis confirmed transgene integration into plastid DNA and homoplasmy. Maternal inheritance and homoplasmy resulted in 100 transmission of spectinomycin resistance to progeny after selfing. Plastid transformants expressed the gusA gene uniformly within leaves and to comparable levels in all three lines. Insertion of trait genes in place of gusA coding sequences enables immediate applications of our plastid transformation vector. Establishment of plastid transformation in P. hybrida facilitates a safe and reliable use of this important ornamental plant for research and plant biotechnology.These two authors contributed equally to this work.  相似文献
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Morphological and anatomical features of Ebenus cretica leaflet, such as lanceolate shape, reduced size, dense cover with non-glandular hairs, epidermis of small cells, compact mesophyll, amphipleurous presence of palisade parenchyma, thick cuticle, development of numerous mesophyll phenol-storing cells and the amphistomatic type, disclose the xeromorphic character of the plant. In the island of Crete two ecotypes of E. cretica, ecotype A and ecotype C, are greatly extended. In ecotype A leaflets, the above features are more prominent than in ecotype C. This fact accomplished by physiological data favours the suggestion that plants of ecotype A are better adapted to the xerothermic environment of the island of Crete. This may be the reason that ecotype A occupies the major portion of the island and is predominant in the western and central regions. The distinction of ecotypes A and C, by evaluating the strategies these plants used in order to better adapt and the characteristics of their inflorescences may be used as a criterion for the selection of the most appropriate ecotype for application in floriculture and ornamental horticulture.  相似文献
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【背景】外来入侵害虫西花蓟马于2003年首次在北京郊区被发现,并逐渐扩散蔓延,目前已在我国局部地区暴发成灾。【方法】于2008~2009年通过定点调查的方法对山东省115个地区258个样点的主要花卉上的蓟马种类进行了分析。【结果】山东省主要花卉上发生的蓟马有11种,包括花蓟马、黄胸蓟马、黄蓟马、西花蓟马、棕榈蓟马、烟蓟马、禾花蓟马、横纹蓟马、腹小头蓟马、黑白纹蓟马、油加律带蓟马等,其优势种为花蓟马。外来入侵害虫西花蓟马在山东省18个地区的花卉上被发现。其中,荣成市区发生最重,占蓟马采集总量的51.86%;德州市区和青岛市区发生次之,分别占蓟马采集总量的34.21%和33.88%;其他地区西花蓟马发生量占采集总量的1.39%~18.75%。【结论与意义】西花蓟马已在山东省定殖并广泛分布,相关部门应做好西花蓟马的预防与控制工作。  相似文献
4.
【背景】外来入侵害虫西花蓟马于2003年首次在北京郊区被发现,并逐渐扩散蔓延,目前已在我国局部地区暴发成灾。【方法】于2008~2009年通过定点调查的方法对山东省115个地区258个样点的主要花卉上的蓟马种类进行了分析。【结果】山东省主要花卉上发生的蓟马有11种,包括花蓟马、黄胸蓟马、黄蓟马、西花蓟马、棕榈蓟马、烟蓟马、禾花蓟马、横纹蓟马、腹小头蓟马、黑白纹蓟马、油加律带蓟马等,其优势种为花蓟马。外来入侵害虫西花蓟马在山东省18个地区的花卉上被发现。其中,荣成市区发生最重,占蓟马采集总量的51.86%;德州市区和青岛市区发生次之,分别占蓟马采集总量的34.21%和33.88%;其他地区西花蓟马发生量占采集总量的1.39%~18.75%。【结论与意义】西花蓟马已在山东省定殖并广泛分布,相关部门应做好西花蓟马的预防与控制工作。  相似文献
5.
花文化是在漫长的人类历史发展过程中形成的一系列与花卉相关的文化现象和文化信息的总和。概述了以花卉著作、花卉文学、花画、花语、花卉食品以及花疗等为表现形式的花文化的内涵,论述了花文化教育在《花卉学》教学中的功能。  相似文献
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