首页 | 本学科首页   官方微博 | 高级检索  
文章检索
  按 检索   检索词:      
出版年份:   被引次数:   他引次数: 提示:输入*表示无穷大
  收费全文   80篇
  国内免费   1篇
  完全免费   7篇
  2019年   4篇
  2018年   4篇
  2017年   5篇
  2016年   4篇
  2015年   2篇
  2014年   11篇
  2013年   1篇
  2012年   5篇
  2011年   3篇
  2010年   5篇
  2009年   4篇
  2008年   6篇
  2007年   3篇
  2006年   8篇
  2005年   3篇
  2004年   3篇
  2003年   2篇
  2002年   1篇
  2000年   1篇
  1999年   1篇
  1998年   1篇
  1997年   1篇
  1993年   1篇
  1990年   1篇
  1988年   1篇
  1987年   1篇
  1985年   3篇
  1984年   1篇
  1982年   1篇
  1981年   1篇
排序方式: 共有88条查询结果,搜索用时 46 毫秒
1.
Pathways connecting telomeres and p53 in senescence, apoptosis, and cancer   总被引:9,自引:0,他引:9  
The ends of eukaryotic chromosomes are protected by specialized structures termed telomeres that serve in part to prevent the chromosome end from activating a DNA damage response. However, this important function for telomeres in chromosome end protection can be lost as telomeres shorten with cell division in culture or in self-renewing tissues with advancing age. Impaired telomere function leads to induction of a DNA damage response and activation of the tumor suppressor protein p53. p53 serves a critical role in enforcing both senescence and apoptotic responses to dysfunctional telomeres. Loss of p53 creates a permissive environment in which critically short telomeres are inappropriately joined to generate chromosomal end-to-end fusions. These fused chromosomes result in cycles of chromosome fusion-bridge-breakage, which can fuel cancer initiation, especially in epithelial tissues, by facilitating changes in gene copy number.  相似文献
2.
喉癌STK15基因表达和染色体不稳定的研究   总被引:6,自引:0,他引:6  
李英慧  李福才  赵旭  赵震  孙开来  孙兴和 《遗传学报》2002,29(12):1048-1051
为研究喉鳞状细胞癌中STK15基因表达及其与染色体不稳定的相关性,提取50例喉鳞状细胞癌及配对癌旁正常组织和喉鳞状细胞癌Hep-2细胞系的RNA,反转录合成cDNA,以β-actin为内对照进行PCR扩增,用软件分析电泳结果,研究喉癌中STK15基因表达的水平;以Hep-2细胞系为代表应用常规和高分辨G显带方法进行核型分析。在50例喉癌中,癌组织STK15表达高于配对癌旁正常组织的有34例,占68%,经统计学分析,肿瘤组与对照组差异显著,Hep-2细胞系中STK15基因表达高于内对照β-actin;Hep-2细胞系中存在显著的染色体不稳定,染色体数目变化于43-84条之间,众数为69-74条,结构畸变主要表现为13条标记染色体,本研究首次发现STK15基因在喉癌中表达增高,它可能通过中心体异常而引起染色体不稳定,在喉癌的发生,发展中发挥一定作用。  相似文献
3.
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a common primary cancer associated with high incidences of genetic variations including chromosome instability. Moreover, it has been demonstrated that hepatitis C virus (HCV) is one of the major causes of HCC. However, no previous work has assessed whether HCV proteins are associated with the induction of chromosome instability. Here, we found that liver cell lines constitutively expressing full-length or truncated versions of the HCV genome show a high incidence of chromosome instability. In particular, the overexpression of HCV NS5A protein in cultured liver cells was found to promote chromosome instability and aneuploidy. Further experiments showed that NS5A-induced chromosome instability is associated with aberrant mitotic regulations, such as, an unscheduled delay in mitotic exit and other mitotic impairments (e.g. multi-polar spindles). Thus, our results indicate that HCV NS5A protein may be directly involved in the induction of chromosome instability via mitotic cell cycle dysregulation, and provide novel insights into the molecular mechanisms of HCV-associated hepatocarcinogenesis.  相似文献
4.
The large genomes of many plant species contain numerous dispersed repeat sequences. The problem of large-scale structural instability due to the presence of such repeats in yeast artificial chromosome (YAC) clones was assessed. The feasibility of stabilising plant sequences prone to rearrangement in YACs was demonstrated using a host yeast strain deficient in recombination.  相似文献
5.
The neurobeachin gene spans the common fragile site FRA13A   总被引:3,自引:0,他引:3  
Common fragile sites are normal constituents of chromosomal structure prone to chromosomal breakage. In humans, the cytogenetic locations of more than 80 common fragile sites are known. The DNA at 11 of them has been defined and characterized at the molecular level. According to the Genome Database, the common fragile site FRA13A maps to chromosome band 13q13.2. Here, we identify the precise genomic position of FRA13A, and characterize the genetic complexity of the fragile DNA sequence. We show that FRA13A breaks are limited to a 650 kb region within the neurobeachin (NBEA) gene, which genomically spans approximately 730 kb. NBEA encodes a neuron-specific multidomain protein implicated in membrane trafficking that is predominantly expressed in the brain and during development.  相似文献
6.
Chromosome instability in Candida albicans   总被引:3,自引:0,他引:3  
Candida albicans maintains genetic diversity by random chromosome alterations, and this diversity allows utilization of various nutrients. Although the alterations seem to occur spontaneously, their frequencies clearly depend on environmental factors. In addition, this microorganism survives in adverse environments, which cause lethality or inhibit growth, by altering specific chromosomes. A reversible loss or gain of one homolog of a specific chromosome in this diploid organism was found to be a prevalent means of adaptation. We found that loss of an entire chromosome is required because it carries multiple functionally redundant negative regulatory genes. The unusual mode of gene regulation in Candida albicans implies that genes in this organism are distributed nonrandomly over chromosomes.  相似文献
7.
Samper E  Nicholls DG  Melov S 《Aging cell》2003,2(5):277-285
Reactive oxygen species are an inevitable by-product of mitochondrial respiration. It has been estimated that between 0.4 and 4% of molecular oxygen is converted to the radical superoxide (O2*-) and this level is significantly influenced by the functional status of the mitochondria. It is well established that exogenous oxidative stress and high doses of mitochondrial poisons such as paraquat and carbonyl cyanide 4 (trifluoromethoxy) phenylhydrazone (FCCP) can lead to genomic instability. In this report we show for the first time that endogenous mitochondrial oxidative stress in standard cell culture conditions results in nuclear genomic instability in primary mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs). We show that lack of mitochondrial superoxide dismutase in MEFs leads to a severe increase of double strand breaks, end-to-end fusions, chromosomal translocations, and loss of cell viability and proliferative capacity. Our results predict that endogenous mitochondrial oxidative stress can induce genomic instability, and therefore may have a profound effect in cancer and aging.  相似文献
8.
Centrosomes are cytoplasmic organelles playing a fundamental role in organizing both the interphase cytoskeleton and the bipolar mitotic spindle. In addition, the centrosome has recently come into focus as part of the network that integrates cell cycle arrest and repair signals in response to genotoxic stress--the DNA damage response. One important mediator of this response, the checkpoint kinase Chk1, has been shown to negatively regulate the G(2)/M transition via its centrosomal localization. Moreover, there is growing evidence that a centrosome inactivation checkpoint exists, which utilizes DNA damage-induced centrosome fragmentation or amplification to provoke a "mitotic catastrophe" and eliminate damaged cells. Candidate regulators of this centrosomal checkpoint include the checkpoint kinase Chk2 and its upstream regulators ATM and ATR. In addition, a growing number of other proteins have been implicated in centrosomal regulation of the DNA damage response, e.g. the tumor suppressor p53, the breast cancer susceptibility gene product BRCA1 and mitotic regulators such as Aurora A, Nek2 and the Polo-like kinases Plk1 and Plk3. However, many missing links and discrepancies between different model systems remain.  相似文献
9.
Fenech M 《Mutation research》2006,600(1-2):58-66
The cytokinesis-block micronucleus (CBMN) assay was originally developed as an ideal system for measuring micronuclei (MNi) however it can also be used to measure nucleoplasmic bridges (NPBs), nuclear buds (NBUDs), cell death (necrosis or apoptosis) and nuclear division rate. Current evidence suggests that (a) NPBs originate from dicentric chromosomes in which the centromeres have been pulled to the opposite poles of the cell at anaphase and are therefore indicative of DNA mis-repair, chromosome rearrangement or telomere end-fusions, (b) NPBs may break to form MNi, (c) the nuclear budding process is the mechanism by which cells remove amplified and/or excess DNA and is therefore a marker of gene amplification and/or altered gene dosage, (d) cell cycle checkpoint defects result in micronucleus formation and (e) hypomethylation of DNA, induced nutritionally or by inhibition of DNA methyl transferase can lead to micronucleus formation either via chromosome loss or chromosome breakage. The strong correlation between micronucleus formation, nuclear budding and NPBs (r = 0.75–0.77, P < 0.001) induced by either folic acid deficiency or exposure to ionising radiation is supportive of the hypothesis that folic acid deficiency and/or ionising radiation cause genomic instability and gene amplification by the initiation of breakage–fusion–bridge cycles. In its comprehensive mode, the CBMN assay measures all cells including necrotic and apoptotic cells as well as number of nuclei per cell to provide a measure of cytotoxicity and mitotic activity. The CBMN assay has in fact evolved into a “cytome” method for measuring comprehensively chromosomal instability phenotype and altered cellular viability caused by genetic defects and/or nutrional deficiencies and/or exogenous genotoxins thus opening up an exciting future for the use of this methodology in the emerging fields of nutrigenomics and toxicogenomics and their combinations.  相似文献
10.
链霉菌遗传不稳定性研究进展与展望   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1       下载免费PDF全文
陈伟  陈芝  文莹  李季伦 《微生物学报》2009,49(10):1271-1276
摘要: 链霉菌中广泛存在着遗传不稳定性现象,这种遗传不稳定性影响着链霉菌的诸多表型,尤其是工业生产上的菌种退化,抗生素产量不稳定等,给工业生产和实验研究带来很大麻烦。经多年深入研究,已逐步揭示了链霉菌遗传不稳定性和染色体不稳定性的关系。链霉菌遗传不稳定性机制的揭示,可为改良生产菌种,构建高产而又稳定的基因工程菌奠定理论基础。本文综述了链霉菌遗传不稳定性的研究进展,并对后续研究进行讨论与展望。  相似文献
设为首页 | 免责声明 | 关于勤云 | 加入收藏

Copyright©北京勤云科技发展有限公司  京ICP备09084417号