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1.
Australian species of Sinella (Sinella) Brook (Collembola: Entomobryidae)   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
Abstract  The Australian subgenus Sinella ( Sinella ) Brook is revised. Two species are recognised. A new species from New South Wales and South Australia, Sinella ( Sinella ) samueli , is described and the widely distributed species Sinella ( Sinella ) termitum Schött is redescribed based on examination of a specimen from the type series and fresh collections from a wide range of localities in south-eastern Australia. New patterns of chaetotaxy for the genus are described from these species.  相似文献
2.
The disposition of cercarial papillae of 68 pre-identified Schistosoma species was established. All the cercariae originated from Africa and Madagascar and were either obtained from natural or experimental infections, and belonged to three species Schistosoma haematobium, S. bovis and S. curassoni. Discriminant analysis was based on nine characters: average values, skewness and kurtosis of three cercarial indices (AD, AL and U) for each sample or isolate. AD, AL correspond respectively to the relative distance between dorsal and lateral papillae. U corresponds to the total number of tail stem papillae. With the exception of two cases of the 68 (one of them corresponding to cercariae shed by a non-African experimentally infected snail), the method enabled discrimination of S. haematobium, S. bovis and S. curassoni.  相似文献
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Larval morphology can provide valuable characters for taxonomic and phylogenetic analyses of insects and reflect the adaptations to various living habits. Compared with the adult stages, larval study has lagged far behind in Mecoptera. Although several genera of Panorpidae have been studied for their larval stages, the larva of Dicerapanorpa Zhong and Hua, 2013 basically remains unclear. Here the larva of Dicerapanorpa magna (Chou) is described and illustrated in detail for the first time using light microscopy and scanning electron microscopy. The larva is eruciform, with eight pairs of abdominal prolegs in addition to three pairs of thoracic legs, as in other Panorpidae. The most remarkable characteristics of the larvae include a pair of erect subdorsal annulated processes each on abdominal segments I–IX (A1–A9) and a single middorsal annulated process on A10, as well as a pair of prominent compound eyes composed of over 40 ommatidia, which distinguish this genus from other genera of Panorpidae. The annulated processes may have adaptive significance for fossorial and soil-living habits.  相似文献
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记述刺齿虫兆属温州 1 新种:六毛刺齿虫兆Homidia hexaseta sp. nov.,该种的鉴别特征包括体色,下唇具光滑毛L1,头背部顶区具6根大刚毛,胸部第Ⅱ节具p4系列大刚毛,腹部第Ⅲ节中间具a2大刚毛,腹部第Ⅳ节具B6和Ae5-7大刚毛以及端节亚顶端齿远大于顶端齿。同时,本文还给出了浙江省刺齿虫兆属分种检索表。正模:♀,浙江省温州市泰顺县乌岩岭国家自然保护区,采集号C9271-4,2005-Ⅶ-29;副模:5♀♀。其中两头雌性副模标本保存于台州学院生命科学学院,其余标本保存于南京大学生命科学学院。  相似文献
5.
描述尖瘤属Acrocyrtus印度1新种,陈氏尖瘤A.cheni sp.nov.。  相似文献
6.
Folsomia loftyensis Womersley is redescribed based on material from South Australia, Victoria and Queensland. The species exhibits, for the genus, an unusual sensillary pattern on the posterior abdominal segments. The arrangement and form of the five sensilla on the genital segment of most described species of Folsomia from the Palearctic are analysed and species divided into groups based on these characters. Several different lineages are detected.  相似文献
7.
记述中国奇刺(虫兆)属具有6臀刺的1新种,卜氏奇刺姚Friesea buyuni sp.nov..文中给出奇刺(虫兆)属中具有2+2小眼种类的检索表;并给出丽江奇刺(虫兆)的新发布记录.模式标本保存在上海昆虫博物馆.  相似文献
8.
The phylogenetic relationships of the diving-beetle (Dytiscidae) subfamily Copelatinae are not well known. Some authors postulated a sister-group relationship between Copelatus Erichson and the remaining Dytiscidae, relying mainly on the absence of a mandibular channel in Copelatus. Other authors suggested a more derived position of the genus. Larval characters have been underutilized in phylogenetic studies, mainly because the larvae of many taxa within the family and, in particular, within Copelatinae are unknown. A comprehensive approach aimed to study the phylogenetic placement of a member of this subfamily based on larval characters has not been produced so far. In this study, the phylogenetic relationships of Copelatus are explored based on a cladistic analysis of 24 taxa and 120 chaetotaxic and morphological characters from larvae. For this purpose, larvae of Copelatus longicornis Sharp are described and illustrated in detail for the first time, with particular emphasis on morphometry and chaetotaxy, with the latter being unexplored until now. The results support a derived position of Copelatus within Dytiscidae, with a sister-group relationship between this genus and a clade formed by the subfamilies Lancetinae, Coptotominae, Laccophilinae, Colymbetinae, Matinae, and Dytiscinae, and part of Agabinae. No evidence was found for a sister-group relationship between Copelatus and the remaining Dytiscidae so that the absence of a mandibular channel in this genus is likely a reduction. Copelatus is supported by three apomorphies within Dytiscidae: mandibular channel absent, internal margin of the stipes with three robust spinulae, and seta MX8 inserted subapically on the galea. Handling editor: K. Martens  相似文献
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