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1.
深圳市龙华地区城镇用地动态模型建设及模拟研究   总被引:25,自引:3,他引:22       下载免费PDF全文
曾辉  喻红  郭庆华 《生态学报》2000,20(4):545-551
在1988~1996年时段景面遥感制的基础上,利用细胞自组织模型对深圳市龙华地区城镇成区的动态变化过程进行了模拟研究。模型其选择了高程,城率、限最近干线公路的生趣距离,斑块相邻度指数和形状指数等5个变量参与非域镇用地单元的综合转移概率计算,利用1988~1990年的城镇扩张结果确定不同变量的权重参数,利用1992、1994和196年的数据进行模型验证。结果表明,细胞自组织模型可以很好地反映模拟起始  相似文献
2.
叶飞  陈求稳    吴世勇  蔡德所  王洪梅 《生态学报》2008,28(6):2604-2604~2613
岸边带是水-陆之间的过渡和缓冲地带,是河流生态系统的重要组成部分.岸边带对拦截径流中的固体颗粒、吸收营养盐、减少入河污染负荷有重要作用.受河流水位季节性波动的影响,岸边带生态系统的变化非常剧烈,而当水库等水工建筑的运行剧烈改变河流的水文情势时,水库下游的岸边带生态系统将受到长期的累积性影响.因此,研究复式河道岸边带植被动态对于受损河流生态修复以及河流开发运行的生态环境影响规避具有重要意义.通过原位样方观测和室内水槽模拟试验,开发了岸边带植被演替模型,该模型耦合了全局基于连续性模式的水动力模块和局部基于元胞自动机模式的植被演替模块,并以漓江中游的一段复式河道为例,通过模拟水库运行前后长序列的水文情势变化和3种岸边带植物(刺果酸模、水蓼和益母草)的生长演替,分析了为满足旅游航道需求上游水库补水运行对下游岸边带植被的影响.  相似文献
3.
在青霉素发酵生产机理及其动力学微分方程模型的基础上,建立了模拟青霉素分批发酵过程中菌体生长动态的细胞自动机模型(CABGM)。CABGM采用三维细胞自动机作为菌体生长空间,采用Moore型邻域作为细胞邻域,其演化规则根据青霉素分批发酵过程中菌体生长机理和动力学微分方程模型设计。CABGM中的每一个细胞既可代表单个的青霉素产生菌,又可代表特定数量的青霉素产生菌,它具有不同的状态。对CABGM进行了统计特性的理论分析和仿真实验,理论分析和仿真实验结果均证明了CABGM能一致地复现动力学微分方程模型所描述的青霉素分批发酵菌体生长过程。最后,对所建模型在实际生产过程中的应用问题进行了分析,指出了需要进一步研究的问题。  相似文献
4.
模拟青霉素分批补料发酵过程的细胞自动机模型   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2       下载免费PDF全文
根据青霉素产生菌的生长机理和青霉素分批补料发酵过程的动力学特性,在Paull等建立的形态学结构动力学模型的基础上,建立了模拟青霉素分批补料发酵过程的细胞自动机模型。模型采用三维细胞自动机作为菌体生长空间,采用Moore型邻域作为细胞邻域,其演化规则根据青霉素分批补料发酵过程中菌体生长机理和简化动力学结构模型设计。模型中的每一个细胞既可代表单个产黄青霉菌体细胞,又可代表特定数量的这种菌体细胞,它具有不同的状态。对模型进行的仿真实验结果表明:模型不但能一致地复现形态学结构动力学模型所描述的青霉素分批补料发酵过程的演化特性,而且较形态学结构动力学模型更加直观地刻画了青霉素分批补料发酵过程的演化行为。最后,对所建模型在实际生产过程中的应用问题进行了分析,指出了需要进一步研究的问题。  相似文献
5.
A rumor transmission model with various contact interactions   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
We consider a rumor transmission model with various contact interactions and explore what effect such interactions have on the spread of a rumor, in particular whether they can explain the rumor recursion. Through mathematical analysis and computer simulations, we conjecture that rumor recursion remains a major challenge to mathematical models of rumors beyond our model proposed here.  相似文献
6.
The present work is aimed at investigating the effects of myocardial infarction and ischemia on induction of ventricular fibrillation. Electrophysiologic effects of global and local ischemia (variation of the dispersion of refractory periods as well as conduction velocity) on initiation of reentry mechanisms was studied by means of computer simulations based on a cellular automata model of propagation of activation wave through a ventricular surface element. A local area of ischemia where effects of the dispersion of refractory periods are investigated is then simulated. This is made using a Gaussian distribution characterized by its mean and standard deviation. These simulations show that ischemia is capable of initiating reentry phenomena which propagate through the whole ventricle; they are responsible for ventricular fibrillation which causes sudden cardiac death, even when ischemia only involves limited parts of the myocardium. Statistical study of the probability of reentries as a function of both of the size of ischemic zones and the rate of dispersion of refractory periods shows that the latter parameter is of primary importance in triggering cardiac reentries.  相似文献
7.
In sessile organisms such as plants, interactions occur locally so that important ecological aspects like frequency dependence are manifest within local neighborhoods. Using probabilistic cellular automata models, we investigated how local frequency-dependent competition influenced whether two species could coexist. Individuals of the two species were randomly placed on a grid and allowed to interact according to local frequency-dependent rules. For four different frequency-dependent scenarios, the results indicated that over a broad parameter range the two species could coexist. Comparisons between explicit spatial simulations and the mean-field approximation indicate that coexistence occurs over a broader region in the explicit spatial simulation.  相似文献
8.
A cellular automata model to simulate penicillin fed-batch fermentation process (CAPFM) was established in this study, based on a morphologically structured dynamic penicillin production model, that is in turn based on the growth mechanism of penicillin producing microorganisms and the characteristics of penicillin fed-batch fermentation. CAPFM uses the three-dimensional cellular automata as a growth space, and a Moore-type neighborhood as the cellular neighborhood. The transition rules of CAPFM are designed based on mechanical and structural kinetic models of penicillin batch-fed fermentation processes. Every cell of CAPFM represents a single or specific number of penicillin producing microorganisms, and has various state. The simulation experimental results show that CAPFM replicates the evolutionary behavior of penicillin batch-fed fermentation processes described by the structured penicillin production kinetic model accordingly. __________ Translated from ACTA BIOPHYSICA, 2005, 21(2) [译自: 生物物理学报, 2005,21(2)]  相似文献
9.
应用细胞自动机方法构造了用于研究一年生植物扩散的理论模型并应用该模型模拟了一年生植物(杂草)种群在同质环境中的扩散。一年生杂草种子的扩散距离和分布是其种群扩散的主要方式,故本文将其种子扩散分布作为构建邻域细胞函数的基础。根据Howard(1991)^[1]提供的某一年生杂草种子的扩散数据,本文导出了一个25邻的邻域细胞函数和相关的转移函数。建立了一个受控的细胞自动机模型。通过模拟,发现在同质环境中聚集在一起的一年生植物杂草越多就需要越大的控制力才能限制它们扩散;生长于农田边缘的杂草更容易被控制。这些模拟结果表明该模型能较好地表现生态学中的两个众所周知的现象;生物的聚集效应和边缘效应。希望自动机方法和在本文获得的知识将有助于我们制订植物种群的最优管理策略。  相似文献
10.
A cellular automata model to simulate penicillin fed-batch fermentation process(CAPFM)was established in this study,based on a morphologically structured dynamic penicillin production model,that is in turn based on the growth mechanism of penicillin producing microorganisms and the characteristics of penicillin fed-batch fermentation.CAPFM uses the three-dimensional cellular automata as a growth space,and a Moore-type neighborhood as the cellular neighborhood.The transition roles of CAPFM are designed based on mechanical and structural kinetic models of penicillin batch-fed fermentation processes.Every cell of CAPFM represents a single or specific number of penicillin producing microorganisms,and has various state.The simulation experimental results show that CAPFM replicates the evolutionary behavior of penicillin batch-fed fermentation processes described by the structured penicillin production kinetic model accordingly.  相似文献
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