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1.
BMPR-IB和BMP15基因作为小尾寒羊多胎性能候选基因的研究   总被引:78,自引:0,他引:78  
以控制BooroolaMerino羊多胎性能的BMPR IB基因 ,以及影响Invedale和Hanna羊排卵数的BMP15基因作为候选基因 ,从分子水平上对小尾寒羊的多胎机制进行研究 ,分析突变位点的特性 ,并通过大规模的群体检测统计推断其遗传效应。实验结果表明 :多胎品种小尾寒羊在BMPR IB基因的相应位置上发生了与BooroolaMerino羊相同的突变 (A74 6G) ,该基因的BB基因型在小尾寒羊群体内为优势基因型 ,且小尾寒羊初产和经产母羊的BB基因型比 ++基因型分别多产 0 97羔 (P <0 0 5 )和 1 5羔 (P <0 0 1) ,推测BMPR IB基因与控制小尾寒羊多胎性能的主效基因存在紧密的遗传连锁。而BMP15基因在小尾寒羊中不存在V31D或Q2 3Ter突变 ,说明小尾寒羊的多胎遗传机制与Romney羊不同 ,因此排除了BMP15突变影响小尾寒羊排卵数的可能性。  相似文献
2.
小尾寒羊高繁殖力候选基因BMP15和GDF 9的研究   总被引:58,自引:0,他引:58  
以控制Belclare和Cambridge绵羊高繁殖力的骨形态发生蛋白 15 (bonemorphogeneticprotein 15 ,BMP15 )基因和生长分化因子 9(growthdifferentiationfactor 9,GDF9)基因为候选基因 ,采用PCR RFLP技术检测BMP15基因和GDF9基因在高繁殖力绵羊品种 (小尾寒羊、湖羊 )以及低繁殖力绵羊品种 (多赛特羊、特克塞尔羊、德国肉用美利奴羊 )中的单核苷酸多态性 ,同时研究这两个基因对小尾寒羊高繁殖力的影响。结果表明 :在 5个绵羊品种中都没有检测到GDF9基因的G8突变 (C→T) ,也没有检测到BMP15基因的B4突变 (G→T)。高繁殖力的小尾寒羊在BMP15基因编码序列第 718位碱基处发生了与Belclare绵羊和Cambridge绵羊相同的B2突变 (C→T) ,而其余 4个绵羊品种则没有发生这种突变。对于BMP15基因的B2突变 ,在小尾寒羊中检测到AA、AB两种基因型 ,A等位基因频率为 0 734,B等位基因频率为 0 2 6 6。小尾寒羊与其余 4个绵羊品种间B2突变基因型分布差异极显著 (P <0 0 0 1)。突变杂合基因型 (AB)小尾寒羊平均产羔数比野生纯合基因型 (AA)多 0 6 2只 (P <0 0 1)。研究结果表明 ,BMP15B2突变对小尾寒羊高繁殖力影响作用十分明显 ,同时排除了GDF9G8突变和BMP15B4突变影响小尾寒羊高繁殖力的可能性  相似文献
3.
 Genes cloned from diverse plants for resistance to different pathogens have sequence similarities in domains presumably involved in pathogen recognition and signal transduction in triggering the defense response. Primers based on the conserved regions of resistance genes often amplify multiple fragments that may not be separable in an agarose gel. We used denaturing polyacrylamide-gel electrophoresis to detect PCR products of plant genomic DNA amplified with primers based on conserved regions of resistance genes. Depending upon the primer pairs used, 30–130 bands were detected in wheat, rice, and barley. As high as 47%, 40%, and 27% of the polymorphic bands were detected in rice, barley, and wheat, respectively, and as high as 12.5% of the polymorphic bands were detected by certain primers in progeny from a cross of the wheat cultivars ‘Stephens’ and ‘Michigan Amber’. Using F6 recombinant inbred lines from the ‘Stephens’בMichigan Amber’ cross, we demonstrated that polymorphic bands amplified with primers based on leucine-rich repeats, nucleotide-binding sites and protein kinase genes, were inherited as single loci. Linkages between molecular markers and stripe rust resistance genes were detected. This technique provides a new way to develop molecular markers for assessing the genetic diversity of germplasm based upon potential candidate resistance genes in diverse species. Received : 5 September 1997 / Accepted : 6 November 1997  相似文献
4.
Human genetic evidence that OX40 is implicated in myocardial infarction   总被引:17,自引:0,他引:17  
We recently showed that genetic variants in OX40L are associated with myocardial infarction (MI) and severity of coronary artery disease in human. A number of studies also suggest a possible role for OX40 (the OX40L receptor) as a factor contributing to atherosclerosis. In the present study, the OX40 gene was screened for variants associated with precocious MI, using individuals with MI before the age of 60 and controls. Despite the fact that the OX40 gene is highly conserved between species and that relatively few common genetic variants were encountered, an association with MI was seen for a polymorphism in intron 5 (rs2298212). In silico investigation suggested that genetic variation (rs2298211), linked to this intronic variant, is possibly affecting spliceosome function. Our results provide evidence that variants in human OX40 might influence susceptibility to MI. The relevance of these findings is supported by the vital functions fulfilled by OX40 in mammals as reflected by the high level of evolutionary conservation.  相似文献
5.
A potato molecular-function map for carbohydrate metabolism and transport   总被引:17,自引:7,他引:10  
Molecular-linkage maps based on functional gene markers (molecular-function maps) are the prerequisite for a candidate-gene approach to identify genes responsible for quantitative traits at the molecular level. Genetic linkage between a quantitative trait locus (QTL) and a candidate-gene locus is observed when there is a causal relationship between alleles of the candidate gene and the QTL effect. Functional gene markers can also be used for marker-assisted selection and as anchors for structural and functional comparisons between distantly related plant species sharing the same metabolic pathways. A first molecular-function map with 85 loci was constructed in potato based on 69 genes. Priority was given to genes operating in carbohydrate metabolism and transport. Public databases were searched for genes of interest from potato, tomato, or other plant species. DNA sequence information was used to develop PCR-based marker assays that allowed the localization of corresponding potato genes on existing RFLP linkage maps. Comparing the molecular-function map for genes operating in carbohydrate metabolism and transport with a QTL map for tuber starch content indicates a number of putative candidate genes for this important agronomic trait. Received: 19 March 2000 / Accepted: 16 May 2000  相似文献
6.
影响动物肉质性状主要候选基因的研究进展   总被引:17,自引:1,他引:16       下载免费PDF全文
仇雪梅  李宁  邓学梅  吴常信 《遗传》2002,24(5):571-574
随着分子生物学在动物遗传育种中的应用,对数量性状主效基因的研究成为必然。本文对影响肉质的脂肪酸结合蛋白基因、肥胖基因、leptin 基因、黑素皮质受体基因、脂蛋白脂酶基因、激素敏感脂酶基因的国内外研究状况加以综述。 Progress in Candidate Genes Influencing Meat Quality Traits in Chickens QIU Xue-mei1,3,LI Ning1,DEND Xue-mei2,WU Chang-xin2 1.The National Laboratories for Agrobiotechnology,China Agricultural University,Beijing 100094,China; 2.College of Animal Science and Technology,China Agricultural University,Beijing 100094,China; 3.College of Animal Science and Technology,Heilongjiang August First Land Reclamation University,Mishan 158308,China Abstract:As the molecular biology has been applied in animal genetics and breeding,it is important that we research major genes on quantitative traits for animal breeding by transgenic technology.In this paper,the research advance of FABP genes,obese gene,leptin gene,MCRs genes,LPL gene,HSL gene affecting meat quality in animals are reviewed. Key words:animal; meat quality; candidate gene  相似文献
7.
Candidate gene analysis of quantitative disease resistance in wheat   总被引:16,自引:0,他引:16  
 Knowledge of the biological significance underlying quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for disease resistance is generally limited. In recent years, advances in plant-microbe interactions and genome mapping have lead to an increased understanding of the genes involved in plant defense and quantitative disease resistance. Here, we report on the application of the candidate-gene approach to the mapping of QTLs for disease resistance in a population of wheat recombinant inbreds. Over 50 loci, representing several classes of defense response (DR) genes, were placed on an existing linkage map and the genome was surveyed for QTLs associated with resistance to several diseases including tan spot, leaf rust, Karnal bunt, and stem rust. Analysis revealed QTLs with large effects in regions of putative resistance (R) genes, as previously reported. Several candidate genes, including oxalate oxidase, peroxidase, superoxide dismutase, chitinase and thaumatin, mapped within previously identified resistance QTLs and explained a greater amount of the phenotypic variation. A cluster of closely linked DR genes on the long arm of chromosome 7B, which included genes for catalase, chitinase, thaumatins and an ion channel regulator, had major effects for resistance to leaf rust of adult plants under conditions of natural infestation. The results of this study indicate that many minor resistance QTLs may be from the action of DR genes, and that the candidate-gene approach can be an efficient method of QTL identification. Received: 12 June 1998 / Accepted: 24 July 1998  相似文献
8.
小尾寒羊高繁殖力候选基因ESR的研究   总被引:15,自引:0,他引:15  
毕晓丹  储明星  金海国  方丽  叶素成 《遗传学报》2005,32(10):1060-1065
利用PCR—SSCP技术对高繁殖力绵羊品种(小尾寒羊、湖羊、德国肉用美利奴羊)和低繁殖力绵羊品种(多赛特羊、萨福克羊)的雌激素受体(estrogen receptor,ESR)基因第一外显子部分序列进行单核苷酸多态性研究。结果表明:小尾寒羊、湖羊和德国肉用美利奴羊中存在3种基因型(AA、BB、AB),而在多赛特羊和萨福克羊中只存在两种基因型(AA、AB)。统计结果表明:湖羊、德国肉用美利奴羊、小尾寒羊、萨福克羊和多赛特羊A等位基因频率分别为0.672、0.786、0.846、0.857和0.867,B等位基因频率分别为0.328、0.214、0.154、0.143和0.133。测序结果表明:BB型和AA型相比在外显子1第363位发生1处碱基突变(C→G)。独立性检验表明:小尾寒羊和湖羊之间基因型分布差异极显著(P〈0.01),湖羊和多赛特羊之间基因型分布差异显著(P〈0.05),其他各个绵羊品种之间基因型分布差异均不显著。A8基因型和BB基因型小尾寒羊产羔数比AA基因型分别多0.51只(P〈0.05)和0.7只(P〈0.05)。研究结果表明:ESR基因可能是控制小尾寒羊多胎性能的一个主效基因或与之存在紧密的遗传连锁。  相似文献
9.
The candidate gene approach in plant genetics: a review   总被引:15,自引:0,他引:15  
The candidate gene (CG) approach has been applied in plant genetics in the past decade for the characterisation and cloning of Mendelian and quantitative trait loci (QTLs). It constitutes a complementary strategy to map-based cloning and insertional mutagenesis. The goal of this paper is to present an overview of CG analyses in plant genetics. CG analysis is based on the hypothesis that known-function genes (the candidate genes) could correspond to loci controlling traits of interest. CGs refer either to cloned genes presumed to affect a given trait (`functional CGs') or to genes suggested by their close proximity on linkage maps to loci controlling the trait (`positional CGs'). In plant genetics, the most common way to identify a CG is to look for map co-segregation between CGs and loci affecting the trait. Statistical association analyses between molecular polymorphisms of the CG and variation in the trait of interest have also been carried out in a few studies. The final validation of a CG will be provided through physiological analyses, genetic transformation and/or sexual complementation. Theoretical and practical applications of validated CGs in plant genetics and breeding are discussed.  相似文献
10.
Marker-assisted selection (MAS) to enhance genetic resistance to Marek's disease (MD), a herpesvirus-induced T cell cancer in chicken, is an attractive alternative to augment control with vaccines. Our earlier studies indicate that there are many quantitative trait loci (QTL) containing one or more genes that confer genetic resistance to MD. Unfortunately, it is difficult to sufficiently resolve these QTL to identify the causative gene and generate tightly linked markers. One possible solution is to identify positional candidate genes by virtue of gene expression differences between MD resistant and susceptible chicken using deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) microarrays followed by genetic mapping of the differentially-expressed genes. In this preliminary study, we show that DNA microarrays containing approximately 1200 genes or expressed sequence tags (ESTs) are able to reproducibly detect differences in gene expression between the inbred ADOL lines 63 (MD resistant) and 72 (MD susceptible) of uninfected and Marek's disease virus (MDV)-infected peripheral blood lymphocytes. Microarray data were validated by quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and found to be consistent with previous literature on gene induction or immune response. Integration of the microarrays with genetic mapping data was achieved with a sample of 15 genes. Twelve of these genes had mapped human orthologues. Seven genes were located on the chicken linkage map as predicted by the human-chicken comparative map, while two other genes defined a new conserved syntenic group. More importantly, one of the genes with differential expression is known to confer genetic resistance to MD while another gene is a prime positional candidate for a QTL.  相似文献
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