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ATPase 与植物的耐寒性密切相关 . 运用 mRNA 差异显示技术 (DDRT-PCR) 从耐寒植物川草 2 号老芒麦 (Elymus sibiricus L. cv. ‘ chuancao No.2 ' ) 中获得了受冷抑制的 atpA 基因表达序列标签 (EST) 序列,通过 5 ′ cDNA 末端快速扩增 (RACE) 获得了 atpA 基因全长 cDNA 为 1 754 bp ,开放阅读框 (ORF) 长 1 518 bp ,编码 505 个氨基酸 . 氨基酸序列与小麦、水稻、玉米 atpA 基因分别具有 95 %、 94 %、 94 %的相似性 . 对 2 ℃低温胁迫及解除胁迫后恢复过程中共 13 个时段的 RNA 印迹分析表明, atpA 基因在低温胁迫 12 h 转录受到强烈抑制,在低温胁迫开始后的 4 ~ 8 h 及解除胁迫后的 16 ~ 24 h ,其转录水平明显强于对照 . 实验结果为揭示 CF1α亚基对调控 ATPase 在植物御冷性反应的作用,以及α亚基在植物低温信号转导中的作用提供了新的线索 .  相似文献
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The monophyletic Pteridaceae accounts for roughly 10% of extant fern diversity and occupies an unusually broad range of ecological niches, including terrestrial, epiphytic, xeric-adapted rupestral, and even aquatic species. In this study, we present the results of the first broad-scale and multi-gene phylogenetic analyses of these ferns, and determine the affinities of several previously unsampled genera. Our analyses of two newly assembled data sets (including 169 newly obtained sequences) resolve five major clades within the Pteridaceae: cryptogrammoids, ceratopteridoids, pteridoids, adiantoids, and cheilanthoids. Although the composition of these clades is in general agreement with earlier phylogenetic studies, it is very much at odds with the most recent subfamilial classification. Of the previously unsampled genera, two (Neurocallis and Ochropteris) are nested within the genus Pteris; two others (Monogramma and Rheopteris) are early diverging vittarioid ferns, with Monogramma resolved as polyphyletic; the last previously unsampled genus (Adiantopsis) occupies a rather derived position among cheilanthoids. Interestingly, some clades resolved within the Pteridaceae can be characterized by their ecological preferences, suggesting that the initial diversification in this family was tied to ecological innovation and specialization. These processes may well be the basis for the diversity and success of the Pteridaceae today.  相似文献
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The X-ray structure of the ligand-binding core of the kainate receptor GluR5 (GluR5-S1S2) in complex with (S)-glutamate was determined to 1.95 A resolution. The overall GluR5-S1S2 structure comprises two domains and is similar to the related AMPA receptor GluR2-S1S2J. (S)-glutamate binds as in GluR2-S1S2J. Distinct features are observed for Ser741, which stabilizes a highly coordinated network of water molecules and forms an interdomain bridge. The GluR5 complex exhibits a high degree of domain closure (26 degrees) relative to apo GluR2-S1S2J. In addition, GluR5-S1S2 forms a novel dimer interface with a different arrangement of the two protomers compared to GluR2-S1S2J.  相似文献
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根据莱因衣藻、卵形肾藻、普通小球藻等10种藻类的atpA全基因氨基酸高度保守序列,设计简并引物,利用PCR方法从盐藻叶绿体DNA中扩增出约400bp的片段,将该片段连接到T-vector上进行序列测定。结果表明,核苷酸长度为405bp,编码135个氨基酸。推导的氨基酸序列与莱因衣藻的同源性为92%,普通小球藻88%,Mesostigmaviride87%,卵形肾藻86%,Cyanidioschyzonmerolae85%。以所克隆的DNA片段为探针,与盐藻叶绿体基因组进行SouthernBlot杂交结果有明显的杂交信号。据此可推断本实验中所克隆的序列为杜氏盐藻叶绿体atpA基因片段。该基因序列已被GenBank收录,接受号为AY435096。  相似文献
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The DNA coding for the eight structural genes and uncI of the sodium dependent ATPase of Propionigenium modestum has been cloned and sequenced. Based on sequence homology, the genes were determined to appear in the order uncBEFHAGDC as in several other bacterial species. Minicell experiments revealed that plasmids containing the P. modestum DNA expressed those ATPase polypeptides in Escherichia coli. These were very similar in molecular mass to those obtained from the purified ATPase of P. modestum. No membrane-bound ATPase activity was observed in E. coli unc deletion strains containing the P. modestum ATPase genes. Amino acid alignments which were done with the Fo subunits revealed only a few conservative changes in the highly conserved regions of the polypeptides.  相似文献
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