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1.
高等植物中维生素C的功能、合成及代谢研究进展   总被引:22,自引:0,他引:22  
植物体内合成的维生素C在植物抗氧化和自由基清除、光合作用和光保护、细胞生长和分裂以及一些重要次生代谢物和乙烯的合成等方面具有非常重要的生理功能.维生素C的生物合成途径及其代谢调控的基因工程研究最近取得了突破.  相似文献
2.
四种野菜硝酸盐,亚硝酸盐及维生素C的含量   总被引:16,自引:0,他引:16  
四种野菜硝酸盐、亚硝酸盐及维生素C的含量邱贺媛(唐山师范专科学校化学系,唐山063000)Thecontentsofnitrate,nitriteandvitaminCoffourediblewildvegetablesQiuHe-Yuan(Chem...  相似文献
3.
防止香蕉茎尖培养中外植体褐变的研究(简报)   总被引:14,自引:0,他引:14  
在香蕉茎尖培养的培养基中加入活性炭(AC)或与维生素C(Vc)配合使用均能改善外格体褐变情况。其中以AC2.0g/L+Vc0.1g/L组合最佳。  相似文献
4.
L—山梨糖脱氢酶的纯化及性质的研究   总被引:12,自引:2,他引:10  
从5L罐发酵L-山梨糖的Gluconibacter oxydans SCB329和Bacillus thuringiensis SCB933混合菌株中差速离心收集SCB329菌体,破碎,离心获得无细胞抽提液,硫酸铵分级沉淀蛋白后依次经DEAE Cellulose 52和Q Sepharose FF柱层析分得到了L-册梨糖脱氢酶(SDH),它能将L-册梨糖脱氢氧化为L-册梨酮,SDS-PAGE电泳测  相似文献
5.
维生素C和酸应激对中华鳖幼鳖血清补体C3和C4含量的影响   总被引:11,自引:0,他引:11  
为研究维生素C对中华鳖(Pelodiscus sinensis)血清补体C3和C4的影响及其在酸应激条件下的变化,我们设置了6个实验组,饵料中维生素C的添加量依次为0、250、500、2500、5000和10000mg/kg,喂食4周后取其血清,用透射比浊法测定酸应激前后中华鳖血清补体C3和C4的含量。结果表明,维生素C添加量为250mg/kg时,血清补体C3的含量与对照组间没有明显不同;维生素C添加量为500、2500、5000和10000mg/kg的4组,血清补体C3的含量明显高于对照组和维生素C添加量为250mg/kg组;维生素C添加量为500mg/kg的一组,血清补体CA含量明显高于其它5组;维生素C添加量为250mg/kg组明显高于10000mg/kg组。酸应激后,补体C3的含量没有明显下降,将维生素C添加量为0、250和500mg/kg的三组并为一组处理,则应激后有明显下降。维生素C添加量为0、250和500mg/kg的3组,血清补体CA的含量在酸应激后明显下降,而维生素C添加量为2500、5000和10000mg/kg的3组,应激后血清补体C4没有明显变化。维生素C和酸应激对中华鳖血清补体C3和CA含量的影响没有交互作用。这说明,维生素C在一定剂量范围内,能提高中华鳖血清补体C3和CA的水平,酸应激能导致其含量降低,而高剂量的维生素C对其下降有颉颃作用[动物学报49(6):769~774,2003]。  相似文献
6.
六种野菜不同部位硝酸盐、亚硝酸盐及维生素C的含量   总被引:11,自引:0,他引:11  
报道了6种野菜不同部位的硝酸盐、亚硝酸盐和维生素C的含量。参考蔬菜中硝酸盐含量分级评价标准和无公害蔬菜亚硝酸盐含量限量标准,结合各种野菜及不同部位的维生素C的含量,对这6种野菜评价如下:鼠麴草的叶、龙葵的叶、苋的嫩茎和叶,属于一级野菜,可以安全食用;鼠麴草的嫩茎属二级蔬菜范围,不宜生食,煮熟或盐渍可安全食用;龙葵的嫩茎、树仔菜的嫩茎,属于三级蔬菜,不可生食和盐渍,可熟食。白子菜的嫩茎和狗肝菜的嫩茎,属于四级蔬菜,不宜食用或限量食用;树仔菜的叶、白子菜的叶亚硝酸盐含量高于我国制定的无公害蔬菜亚硝酸盐含量的限量标准,所以不宜食用或限量食用。  相似文献
7.
One of the vital roles of ascorbic acid (vitamin C) is to act as an antioxidant to protect cellular components from free radical damage. Ascorbic acid has been shown to scavenge free radicals directly in the aqueous phases of cells and the circulatory system. Ascorbic acid has also been proven to protect membrane and other hydrophobic compartments from such damage by regenerating the antioxidant form of vitamin E. In addition, reduced coenzyme Q, also a resident of hydrophobic compartments, interacts with vitamin E to regenerate its antioxidant form. The mechanism of vitamin C antioxidant function, the myriad of pathologies resulting from its clinical deficiency, and the many health benefits it provides, are reviewed.  相似文献
8.
为研究维生素C多聚磷酸酯对小鼠肝脏脂质过氧化物和抗氧化物酶的影响 ,我们设置了 4个实验组 ,采用 2 4只小鼠 ,饵料中 35 %维生素C多聚磷酸酯的添加量依次为 0、 5 0 0、 2 5 0 0和 5 0 0 0mg/kg ,喂食 4周后取其肝脏 ,用硫代巴比妥酸分光光度测脂质过氧化物的含量 ,用亚硝酸盐形成法测定超氧化物歧化酶的活性 ,用分光光度法测过氧化氢酶和谷胱甘肽过氧化物酶的活性。结果表明 ,维生素C多聚磷酸酯对小鼠肝脏脂质过氧化物没有明显影响 ,但随着维生素C多聚磷酸酯添加量的增加 ,脂质过氧化物有减少的趋势。维生素C多聚磷酸酯添加量为 2 5 0 0和 5 0 0 0mg/kg的两组 ,其超氧化物歧化酶的活性明显高于对照组和维生素C多聚磷酸酯添加量为 5 0 0mg/kg组 ;过氧化氢酶的活性明显高于对照组。维生素C多聚磷酸酯添加量为5 0 0 0mg/kg组 ,其谷胱甘肽过氧化物酶的活性明显高于其它三组。表明高剂量的维生素C多聚磷酸酯能促进小鼠抗氧化物酶的活性 ,但促进不同抗氧化物酶活性所需的维生素C多聚磷酸酯的量不同  相似文献
9.
Ameliorative effects of few naturally occurring antioxidants like ascorbic acid (vitamin C), alpha-tocopherol (vitamin E) either alone or in combination with meso-2,3-dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) or monoisoamyl DMSA (MiADMSA), on parameters indicative of oxidative stress in the liver, kidney, brain and blood of lead-exposed rats were studied. Male Wistar rats were exposed to 0.1% lead acetate in drinking water for 3 months and treated thereafter with DMSA or its analogue MiADMSA (50 mg/kg, intraperitoneally), either individually or in combination with vitamin E (5 mg/kg, intramuscularly) or vitamin C (25 mg/kg, orally) once daily for 5 days. The effects of these treatments in influencing the lead-induced alterations in haem synthesis pathway, hepatic, renal and brain oxidative stress and lead concentration from the soft tissues were investigated. Exposure to lead produced a significant inhibition of delta-aminolevulinic acid dehydratase (ALAD) activity from 8.44+/-0.26 in control animals to 1.76+/-0.32 in lead control, reduction in glutathione (GSH) from 3.56+/-0.14 to 2.57+/-0.25 and an increase in zinc protoporphyrin level from 62.0+/-3.9 to 170+/-10.7 in blood, suggesting altered haem synthesis pathway. Both the thiol chelators and the two vitamins were able to increase blood ALAD activity towards normal, however, GSH level responded favorably only to the two thiol chelators. The most prominent effect on blood ALAD activity was, however, observed when MiADMSA was co-administered with vitamin C (7.51+/-0.17). Lead exposure produced a significant depletion of hepatic GSH from 4.59+/-0.78 in control animals to 2.27+/-0.47 in lead controls and catalase activity from 100+/-3.4 to 22.1+/-0.25, while oxidized glutathione (GSSG; 0.34+/-0.05 to 2.05+/-0.25), thiobarbituric acid reactive substance (TBARS; 1.70+/-0.45 to 5.22+/-0.50) and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) levels (3.41+/-0.09 to 6.17+/-0.65) increased significantly, pointing to hepatic oxidative stress. Altered, reduced and oxidized GSH levels showed significant recovery after MiADMSA and DMSA administration while, vitamins E and C were effective in reducing GSSG and TBARS levels and increasing catalase activity. Administration of MiADMSA alone and the combined administration of vitamin C along with DMSA and MiADMSA were most effective in increasing hepatic GSH levels to 4.88+/-0.14, 4.09+/-0.12 and 4.30+/-0.06, respectively. Hepatic catalase also reached near normal level in animals co-administered vitamin C with DMSA or MiADMSA (82.5+/-4.5 and 84.2+/-3.5, respectively). Combined treatments with vitamins and the thiol chelators were also able to effectively reduce lead-induced decrease in renal catalase activity and increase in TBARS and GPx level. Combination therapy, however, was unable to provide an effective reversal in the altered parameters indicative of oxidative stress in different brain regions, except in catalase activity. The result also suggests a beneficial role of vitamin E when administered along with the thiol chelators (particularly with MiADMSA) in reducing body lead burden. Blood lead concentration was reduced from 13.3+/-0.11 in lead control to 0.3+/-0.01 in MiADMSA plus vitamin E-treated rats. Liver and kidney lead concentration also showed a most prominent decrease in MiADMSA plus vitamin E co-administered rats (5.29+/-0.16 to 0.63+/-0.02 and 14.1+/-0.21 to 1.51+/-0.13 in liver and kidney, respectively). These results thus suggest that vitamin C administration during chelation with DMSA/MiADMSA was significantly beneficial in reducing oxidative stress however, it had little or no additive effect on the depletion of lead compared with the effect of chelators alone. Thus, the co-administration of vitamin E during chelation treatment with DMSA or MiADMSA could be recommended for achieving optimum effects of chelation therapy.  相似文献
10.
维生素C二步发酵混菌接种控制   总被引:9,自引:0,他引:9  
本文研究维生素C二步发酵接种种液状态与发酵转化的关系,指明接种种液浓度为6.5×109个/ml,二菌数量之比为0.3,种液酸量为7mg/ml时.可获得较好的发酵转化效率。  相似文献
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