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1.
In vivo total antioxidant capacity: comparison of different analytical methods   总被引:12,自引:0,他引:12  
Several methods have been developed to measure the total antioxidant capacity of a biological sample. The use of peroxyl or hydroxyl radicals as pro-oxidants in the oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) assay makes it different and unique from the assays that involve oxidants that are not necessarily pro-oxidants. An improvement in quantitation is achieved in the ORAC assay by taking the reaction between substrate and free radicals to completion and using an area-under-curve technique for quantitation compared to the assays that measure a lag phase. The interpretation of the changes in plasma or serum antioxidant capacity becomes complicated by the different methods used in detecting these changes. The interpretation also depends upon the conditions under which the antioxidant capacity is determined because the measurement reflects outcomes in a dynamic system. An increased antioxidant capacity in plasma or serum may not necessarily be a desirable condition if it reflects a response to increased oxidative stress. Similarly, a decrease in plasma or serum antioxidant capacity may not necessarily be an undesirable condition if the measurement reflects decreased production of reactive species. Because of these complications, no single measurement of antioxidant status is going to be sufficient, but a "battery" of measurements, many of which will be described in Forum articles, will be necessary to adequately assess oxidative stress in biological systems.  相似文献
2.
OBJECTIVE: It has been known that there was a relation between the levels of DNA damage and the severity of the coronary artery disease (CAD). However, little is known about association of DNA damage with total antioxidant capacity (TAC) and CAD. The aim of this study is to evaluate the relationship between DNA damage, TAC and CAD. METHODS: We used the comet assay to measure DNA damage from 53 patients with angiographically documented CAD and 42 patients with angiographically documented normal coronary vessel. The extent and severity of CAD was calculated to Gensini score index. TAC of plasma was determined using a novel automated measurement method. RESULTS: Mean values of DNA damage were significantly higher in CAD patients than in the control group (p<0.001). There was a positive correlation between Gensini score index and DNA damage (r=0.590, p<0.001). Additionally, significantly positive correlations between score of DNA damage, and diabetes, smoking, obesity and hyperlipidemia were found (p<0.05). There was also a negative correlation between TAC and DNA damage (r=-0.711, p<0.001). The DNA damage was significantly higher in diabetic, smoker, hyperlipidemic and obese individuals than those without these conditions (p=0.001, p=0.006, p=0.001, p=0.004, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: These data indicate that the level of DNA damage is increased and TAC level is decreased in CAD. DNA damage is correlated with the severity of the CAD, and levels of TAC.  相似文献
3.
以水、甲醇、乙醇和乙酸乙酯为溶剂,对罗汉果干果进行提取,分别采用磷钼酸铵体系、邻苯三酚自氧化体系、Fenton反应体系和卵黄脂质过氧化体系测定各种提取物的总抗氧化性能、超氧阴离子自由基和羟基自由基清除性能及其抗脂质过氧化作用。结果表明,四种溶剂提取物均具较强的抗氧化性和活性氧自由基清除性能,其能力的大小顺序为:乙酸乙酯提取物>水提物>甲醇提取物>乙醇提取物。  相似文献
4.
酶解骨胶原多肽的抗氧化特性研究   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
本文主要研究了酶解法制备的骨胶原多肽的总抗氧化能力、羟自由基清除作用和抑制超氧阴离子自由基的能力.通过与谷胱甘肽(GSH)的比较发现,溶液浓度在1130~150 mg/mL时,该骨胶原多肽的总抗氧化能力为GSH的71.92%.溶液浓度在2.5~20 mg/mL时,该多肽羟自由基清除作用为谷胱甘肽的1.36倍.溶液浓度为10~150 mg/mL时,多肽抑制超氧阴离子自由基的能力低于谷胱甘肽.  相似文献
5.
A relatively simple and widely applied method for quantitating the total antioxidant capacity of body fluids and drug solutions based on the absorbance of the ABTS radical cation was evaluated. In this assay, the end-point is an antioxidant-induced decrease in absorbance at a fixed time. This decrease is used as an index of total antioxidant capacity. It is shown that Trolox, potassium cyanide and quercetin all decrease the absorbance of ABTS radical cations at a fixed time, but by different mechanisms. Trolox scavenges the ABTS radical, potassium cyanide inhibits radical formation, while quercetin acts by both mechanisms. Using this method antioxidant capacity may be overestimated, due to both a scavenger effect and an effect on the rate of ABTS oxidation. To distinguish between these effects, a post-addition assay was used in which the sample is added when the formation of radicals is stable. Using post- addition assay conditions enables discrimination between effects on radical scavenging and on the radical formation, two major mechanisms for antioxidant action. In extrapolating the results to an ill vivo situation it should be questioned: (i) whether the peroxidase process does indeed mimic the process of radical formation in vivo, and (ii) whether the ABTS radicals do resemble the radical species involved in an in vivo situation. Results obtained in the ABTS radical-based methods should therefore be reviewed critically before the antioxidant capacity can be assessed.  相似文献
6.
The objective of the work was to study the relationship between the oxidative state of the mother and the newborn at the moment of birth. We measured oxidative stress markers (carbonyl groups, lipid peroxides and total antioxidant capacity (TAC)) and found a good correlation between the oxidative state of the normal mother and the neonate, since a high mother oxidative stress corresponds to an even higher oxidative stress of the newborn in umbilical cord blood. We also found that smoking mothers and their newborns had a higher concentration of the carbonyl group, lipid peroxides and less TAC. Newborns from these mothers weighed significantly less than others at birth. These data suggest a need for interest in monitoring the oxidative state of mothers during the pregnancy period, especially taking into account that the oxidative level could be involved in later risks of metabolic diseases for both mother and newborn.  相似文献
7.
An automated flow-based procedure for assessment of total antioxidant capacity was developed. It involved a multipumping flow system, a recent approach to flow analysis, and exploited the ability of selected compounds to inhibit the chemiluminescence reactions of luminol or lucigenin with hydrogen peroxide. The system included several discretely actuated solenoid micropumps as the only active components of the flow manifold. This enabled the reproducible insertion and efficient mixing of very low volumes of sample and reagents as well as the transportation of the sample zone toward a flow-through luminometer, where the chemiluminometric response was monitored. With luminol as the chemiluminogenic reagent, linearity of the analytical curves was noted up to 3.2x10(-4), 1.1x10(-3), and 8.8x10(-8) molL-1 for Trolox, ascorbic acid, and resveratrol, respectively. With lucigenin, linear calibration plots up to 2x10(-5) molL-1 of Trolox and 5.7x10(-5)molL-1 of ascorbic acid were obtained. As favorable analytical figures of merit, the measurement precision (RSD typically between 0.2 and 2.0%, n=10), low operational costs, low reagent consumption, sampling rate (160 and 70 h-1), and versatility should be highlighted. The proposed system can be used in distinct analytical circumstances without requiring physical reconfiguration.  相似文献
8.
Zinc supplementation has been shown to improve not only liver dysfunction but also glucose intolerance in subjects with liver cirrhosis. In this study, we investigated the effects of zinc supplementation on the changes in circulating levels of tumor necrosis factor-α and total antioxidant capacity in mice with thioacetamide-induced liver injury. The protective effect of concurrent zinc administration for thioacetamide-induced hepatotoxicity was also examined. The results showed that zinc treatment significantly attenuated thioacetamide-induced liver injury and hyperglycemia. Furthermore, thioacetamide-induced hepatotoxicity was markedly weakened by the simultaneous zinc administration. These effects might be attributed to reduced tumor necrosis factor-α production and elevated total antioxidant capacity induced by the mineral. Our data suggest that zinc supplementation might be beneficial for the subjects with a high susceptibility to liver injury.  相似文献
9.
While the total antioxidant capacity (TAC) of blood plasma is mainly accounted for by urate, TAC of cell interior can be expected to depend more on other antioxidants, especially glutathione and protein -SH groups. We studied TAC of homogenates of several lines of cultured cells subjected to the action of thiol-modifying agents. Comparison of changes of TAC of the homogenates and of the level of total thiols (determined with a biradical spin label) demonstrates that alterations in cellular thiol content is the main determinant of changes of TAC of cell homogenates. These results show that estimation of TAC of cell extracts may be a useful parameter of assessment of oxidative stress, primarily of oxidation of thiol groups, yielding information different than TAC of body fluids.  相似文献
10.
After cryopreservation, embryos become sensitive to the oxidative stress, resulting in lipid peroxidation, membrane injury, and structural destruction. The present study aimed to assess the effect of increasing concentration of melatonin during postwarming culture on embryo's ability to restore its functions after cryopreservation. In vitro–produced blastocysts were vitrified, warmed, and cultured in vitro in TCM 199 with 5 different supplementations: control (CTR): 10% fetal calf serum; bovine serum albumin (BSA): 0.04% (wt/vol) BSA; and MEL−3, MEL−6, MEL−9: BSA plus melatonin 10−3, 10−6, and 10−9 M. The medium with the highest melatonin concentration had the highest trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity, whose values were comparable with those determined in plasma sampled from adult ewes (8.7 ± 2.4 mM). The other media had lower trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity values (P < 0.01), below the range of the plasma. At the same time, embryos cultured with the highest melatonin concentration reported a lower in vitro viability, as evaluated by lower re-expansion and hatching rates, and lower total cell number compared with the other groups (P < 0.05). Their metabolic status was also affected, as evidenced by higher oxidative and apoptotic index and lower ATP concentration. The beneficial effects of melatonin on embryo development during postwarming culture were observed only at low concentration (10−9 M). These results suggest that melatonin at high concentration may exert some degree of toxic activity on pre-implantation embryos. Thus, the dose at which the embryos are exposed is pivotal to obtain the desiderate effect.  相似文献
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