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A complete sequence of the rice sucrose synthase-1 (RSs1) gene   总被引:5,自引:0,他引:5  
Using a fragment of the maize sucrose synthase gene Sh-1 as probe, the rice genome was shown to contain at least three genes encoding sucrose synthase. One of these genes was isolated from a genomic library, and its full sequence, including 1.7 kb of 5 flanking sequence and 0.9 kb of 3 flanking sequence, is reported. The new rice gene, designated RSs1, is highly homologous to maize Sh-1 (approx. 94% identity in derived amino acid sequence), and contains an identical intron-exon structure (16 exons and 15 introns). Both RSs1 and maize Sh-1 show similar sequence homologies to a second rice sucrose synthase gene described recently (designated RSs2, Yu et al. (1992) Plant Mol Biol 18: 139–142), although both the rice genes predict an extra 6 amino acids at the C-terminus of the protein when compared to the maize gene. The RSs1 5 flanking sequence contains a number of promoter-like sequences, including putative protein-binding regions similar to maize zein genes.  相似文献
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Summary Transposable element Activator (Ac) induced wild-type stable revertants, derived from McClintock's Dissociation (Ds) insertion shrunken (sh) mutant sh-m5933, have been examined for sucrose synthases, SS1 and SS2, encoded by the revertant (Sh) locus and the non-allelic gene Sus (previously designated as Ss2), respectively. A structurally normal Sh locus has been previously described in these revertants. Immuno-blot (Western) and Southern hybridization analyses reported here identify one of the nine alleles, Sh-r5, as unique for several features. It showed altered tissue specificity, as the SS1 protein encoded by the Sh-r5 allele was readily detectable in the immature embryo which is otherwise characterized by the Sus expression only. The level of Sh-r5 expression at the protein and enzyme level was marked by endosperm specific SS1 abundance and a significant down-regulation in the embryo similar to the standard Sh and Sus loci in endosperm and embryo, respectively. We infer that tissue specific levels of gene expression among maize Ss genes is significantly determined by trans-regulatory factors present in these two tissues. The Sh-r5 strain also exhibited a complete loss of the Sus expression in all tissues tested in the plant. Lack of any detectable phenotypic abnormality in the Sh-r5 strain due to the loss of SS2 protein indicated that either the SS2 protein is nonessential or that the two SS isozymes are functionally compensatory. Genomic filter hybridizations with the Sus cDNA clone indicated that the Sus locus in the Sh-r5 strain was not deleted and was, in fact, unique among these revertants. Together, these data provide an unusual insight into the regulation and function of the two SS isozymes in the maize plant.  相似文献
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为了解蔗糖合成酶在巴西橡胶树(Hevea brasiliensis)生长和发育过程中的功能,利用RACE技术从巴西橡胶树中克隆了蔗糖合成酶基因,并对基因的表达特征进行了分析。结果表明,从巴西橡胶树中克隆了两个蔗糖合成酶基因(HbSS1和HbSS2),HbSS1全长2864 bp,编码806个氨基酸;HbSS2全长2815 bp,编码811个氨基酸。两个基因编码的蛋白具有典型的植物蔗糖合成酶结构特征,包含1个磷酸化位点和两个保守的功能域。半定量RT-PCR分析表明,HbSS1和HbSS2在各组织器官中均有表达,其中HbSS1在叶中的表达量最高,HbSS2在树皮中的表达量最高,这说明HbSS1和HbSS2可能参与了各组织的生长和代谢过程,且功能有所分化。  相似文献
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