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Atorella japonica were observed by TEM to examine the nerve plexus in the capitulum of the polyp and the cross-striated muscle cells of the strobila. The nerve plexus included a number of neuromuscular junctions and many interneural synapses. Neuromuscular junctions contained two types of synaptic vesicle: clear and small (ca 75 nm diam.), and dense cored and large (ca 120 nm diam.). The first type of vesicle always appeared near the presynaptic membrane and the second type was distributed behind the former. In interneural synapses, two types of vesicle which were similar to neuromuscular synaptic vesicles were recognized. They were distributed in a pattern similar to that of the neuromuscular synaptic vesicles, but these vesicles were found on both sides of the two synaptic membranes.  相似文献
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以巴布亚硝水母(Mastigias papua)为研究对象,观察了水螅体无性生殖产生类浮浪幼虫胞芽、类浮浪幼虫胞芽变态发育为水螅体、水螅体横裂产生碟状体以及碟状体发育为水母体的过程和形态变化。25 ℃时类浮浪幼虫胞芽经过93 h后变态发育为水螅体。换用带有虫黄藻的天然海水并将培养温度从25 ℃升至27 ℃后,水螅体开始横裂,萼部触手环下方产生缢痕。水螅体横裂开始47 h后,缢痕更加明显,其上方部分发育为碟状幼体,后期碟状体搏动越来越频繁,最后释放。释放后的碟状体在实验室培养条件下21 d后可发育为水母幼体。巴布亚硝水母虽然只有产生类浮浪幼虫胞芽一种无性生殖方式,但繁殖速度较快,27 ℃时1个水螅体平均1 d可产生1.7个类浮浪幼虫胞芽,类浮浪幼虫胞芽可在3或4 d的短时间内附着变态。  相似文献
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