首页 | 本学科首页   官方微博 | 高级检索  
文章检索
  按 检索   检索词:      
出版年份:   被引次数:   他引次数: 提示:输入*表示无穷大
  收费全文   39篇
  完全免费   5篇
  2019年   1篇
  2014年   4篇
  2013年   6篇
  2012年   3篇
  2011年   10篇
  2010年   2篇
  2009年   5篇
  2008年   3篇
  2007年   3篇
  2006年   2篇
  2005年   2篇
  2004年   1篇
  2003年   1篇
  1996年   1篇
排序方式: 共有44条查询结果,搜索用时 31 毫秒
1.
研究了外源亚精胺(Spd)在营养液栽培中,对盐胁迫下耐盐性不同的两品种黄瓜幼苗体内硝态氮、铵态氮、脯氨酸(Pro)含量和硝酸还原酶(NR)活性的影响。结果表明,外源Spd显著减小了盐胁迫引起的铵态氮、Pro含量的升高幅度和NR活性、硝态氮含量的降低幅度,且对盐敏感型黄瓜品种影响幅度较大。表明Spd可明显减缓盐胁迫对黄瓜幼苗氮素营养代谢的影响。  相似文献
2.
外源亚精胺对高温下黄瓜幼苗叶片抗氧化系统的影响   总被引:7,自引:0,他引:7  
以黄瓜热敏感品种‘长春密刺'和耐热品种‘津春4号'为试材,在人工气候箱内采用营养液栽培法研究了外源亚精胺(Spd)预处理对短期高温胁迫(42℃)下黄瓜幼苗叶片抗氧化系统的影响.结果显示:(1)随高温胁迫时间的延长,2个黄瓜品种幼苗叶片相对电导率升高、MDA含量增加,热敏感品种的膜脂过氧化程度大于耐热品种;高温胁迫4h,SOD活性降低,POD、CAT、APX活性升高,抗坏血酸(AsA)含量升高,类胡萝卜素(Car)含量降低,且随胁迫时间反映出耐热品种抗氧化系统的自我调节能力大于热敏感品种.(2)外源Spd预处理能有效抑制高温胁迫引起的膜脂过氧化伤害,增强SOD、POD、APX活性以及AsA和Car含量,增强植株抗氧化能力,且在热敏感品种上的应用效果优于耐热品种.研究表明,外源Spd预处理能有效提高黄瓜幼苗叶片处于高温胁迫时的抗氧化能力,对缓解高温胁迫有重要作用.  相似文献
3.
一先天性并指中国家系的遗传学研究   总被引:3,自引:0,他引:3  
先天性并指(syndactyly)是一种以手脚发育异常为主要症状的常染色体显性遗传性疾病。I临床症状主要为手指间由蹼相连。其中I、Ⅱ、Ⅲ型先天性并指分别定位于2q34~36、2q31~q32和6q21~23.2。并指多指(synpoly-dactyly;SPD)为Ⅱ型并指(syndactyly,typeⅡ),通常情况下多为第3、4手指和第4、5脚趾受累,两指(趾)间由蹼相连接,不能分离。目前认为本病致病基因为HOXD13,定位于2q31~q32。HOXD13位于HOXD基因簇中。HOXD基因簇中的9个同源基因(HOXD1,-D3,-D4,-D8,-D9,-D10,-D11,-D12,-D13)根据其距着丝粒的远近,按由远到近的顺序在染色体上依次排列。HOXD基因簇中不同基因或其上游调控因子的重复或缺失都可能影响手指关节的发育,从而造成指(趾)数目或形态的异常。作者对湖南怀化地区一出生后即发现双手并指,双足并趾畸形患儿的常染色体显性先天性并指多指家系进行了连锁分析。结果显示,在SPD遗传基因座2q31~q32发现紧密连锁(两点间最大LOD:6.78;θ=0.00)。多点连锁分析最大LOD值为7.02。本家系单倍型分析遗传区间从D2s2302到D2s315之间,间距为20.61cM。我们对HOXD13基因的编码区,内含子-外显子交接区,和部分启动子区域进行序列分析未发现突变。结果证明了在中国人群中存在Ⅱ型并指的遗传位点,并表明该家系致病基因有可能为HOXD13基因相临近的其他基因。  相似文献
4.
5.
Gao H  Jia Y  Guo S  Lv G  Wang T  Juan L 《Journal of plant physiology》2011,168(11):1217-1225
We investigated the effects of short-term root-zone hypoxic stress and exogenous calcium application or deficiency in an anoxic nutrient solution on nitrogen metabolism in the roots of the muskmelon cultivar Xiyu No. 1. Seedlings grown in the nutrient solution under hypoxic stress for 6 d displayed significantly reduced plant growth and soluble protein concentrations. However, NO3 uptake rate and activities of nitrate reductase and glutamate synthase were significantly increased. We also found higher amounts of nitrate, ammonium, amino acids, heat-stable proteins, polyamines, H2O2, as well as higher polyamine oxidase activity in the roots. In comparison to the reactions seen under hypoxic stress, exogenous calcium application led to a marked increase in plant weights, photosynthesis parameters, NO3 uptake rate and contents of nitrate, ammonium, amino acids (e.g., glutamic acid, proline, glycine, cystine, γ-aminobutyric acid), soluble and heat-stable proteins, free spermine, and insoluble bound polyamines. Meanwhile, exogenous calcium application resulted in significantly increased activities for nitrate reductase, glutamine synthetase, and glutamate synthase but decreased activities for diamine and polyamine oxidase, as well as lower H2O2 content in roots during exposure to hypoxia. However, calcium deficiency in the nutrient solution decreased plant weight, photosynthesis parameters, NO3 reduction, amino acids (e.g., alanine, aspartic acid, glutamic acid, γ-aminobutyric acid), protein, all polyamines except for free putrescine, and the activities of glutamate synthase and glutamine synthetase. Additionally, there was an increase in the NO3 uptake rate, polyamine oxidase activity and H2O2 contents under hypoxia-Ca. Simultaneously, exogenous calcium had little effect on nitrate absorption and transformation, photosynthetic parameters, and plant growth under normoxic conditions. These results suggest that calcium confers short-term hypoxia tolerance in muskmelon, most likely by promoting nitrate uptake and accelerating its transformation into amino acids, heat-stable proteins or polyamines, as well as by decreasing polyamine degradation in muskmelon seedlings.  相似文献
6.
亚精胺预处理对NaCl胁迫下青稞幼苗生理特性的影响   总被引:2,自引:1,他引:1  
以青稞幼苗为试验材料,通过水培实验研究了外源亚精胺(Spd)预处理对200 mmol·L-1 NaCl盐胁迫下青稞幼苗叶片相对含水量(RWC)、光合色素、水溶性蛋白质、丙二醛和脯氨酸含量与电解质外渗率的影响,探讨外源亚精胺提高青稞幼苗抗盐胁迫能力的机理.结果表明:随着盐胁迫的延续,单独NaCl处理组和NaCl+Spd处理组的青稞幼苗叶片RWC、光合色素与水溶性蛋白质含量均明显持续降低且显著低于同期对照,而丙二醛含量、电解质外渗率则逐渐增加且显著高于同期对照,Spd预处理则显著延缓了这些指标的变化幅度;同时上述两组处理也均使青稞幼苗脯氨酸含量不断增加且显著高于同期对照,Spd预处理则增加幅度更大.可见,Spd预处理缓解了青稞幼苗叶片失水程度和光合色素、蛋白质含量下降幅度,提高了质膜的稳定性和完整性,增加了渗透调节物质脯氨酸含量,从而减轻了NaCl胁迫对青稞幼苗造成的伤害,最终提高青稞幼苗抗盐胁迫能力.  相似文献
7.
He L  Ban Y  Inoue H  Matsuda N  Liu J  Moriguchi T 《Phytochemistry》2008,69(11):2133-2141
In our previous work, an apple spermidine synthase (SPDS)-overexpressing transgenic European pear (Pyrus communis L. 'Ballad'), line no. 32 (#32), demonstrated attenuated susceptibility to stress treatment. In the current paper, changes in enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidant capacity of the transgenic pear (line #32) were investigated in response to NaCl or mannitol stress. Under non-stressed conditions (before stress treatment), spermidine (Spd) contents and SPDS activity of line #32 were higher than those of the non-transformant (wild type). However, no significant differences were detected between line #32 and the wild type as regards contents of malondialdehyde (MDA) and H2O2, and activities of antioxidant enzymes like superoxide dismutase (SOD), ascorbate peroxidase (APX), monodehydroascorbate reductase (MDHAR) and glutathione reductase (GR). When exposed to NaCl or mannitol stress, both the wild type and line #32 exhibited accumulation of Spd with the latter accumulating more. The transgenic line contained higher antioxidant enzyme activities, less MDA and H2O2 than the wild, implying it suffered from less injury. These results suggested that increase of Spd content in the transgenic line could, at least in part, lead to enhancing enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidant capacity.  相似文献
8.
蜂花粉抗脑衰老的实验动物研究   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
蜂花粉抗脑衰老的实验动物研究蒋滢,杨炳华,黄美英苏州医学院生化教研室苏州2150072探索衰老机制,寻求延缓衰老的有效途径是生命科学中的重大问题,也是亟待解决的实际问题。脑是指挥全身一切活动的中枢,脑组织特别容易遭受自由基及活性氧的损伤,因此防治脑衰...  相似文献
9.
Urano K  Hobo T  Shinozaki K 《FEBS letters》2005,579(6):1557-1564
Arginine decarboxylase (ADC) is a rate-limiting enzyme that catalyzes the first step of polyamine (PA) biosynthesis in Arabidopsis thaliana. We generated a double mutant deficient in Arabidopsis two ADC genes (ADC1-/- ADC2-/-) and examined their roles in seed development. None of the F2 seedlings from crosses of adc1-1 and adc2-2 had the ADC1-/- ADC2-/- genotype. In addition, some abnormal seeds were observed among the ADC1+/- ADC2-/- and ADC1-/- ADC2+/- siliques. Viable offspring with the ADC1-/- ADC2-/- genotype could not be obtained from the ADC1+/- ADC2-/- and ADC1-/- ADC2+/- plants. These results indicate that AtADC genes are required for production of polyamines that are essential for normal seed development in Arabidopsis.  相似文献
10.
散发性帕金森病(sporadic Parkinson's disease, sPD)的主要病理特征之一是中脑黑质致密部(substantia nigra pars compacta, SNpc)残存多巴胺能神经元内核周路易(小)体(Lewy body, LB)形成.LB发生的具体原因和确切过程有待进一步阐释.来自遗传学、尸体解剖和实验科学的报道提示,蛋白酶体功能障碍及其所致的LB形成可能是按照聚集体形成途径(process of aggresomes)进行的.在聚集体形成途径过程中,异常蛋白质聚集基本上经历了非纤维化分子聚集过程(molecular crowding)以及后续的纤维化聚集过程(fibrilation of aggregation).其间,蛋白酶体功能障碍(dysfunction of proteasome)、内质网相关降解丧失(loss of endoplasmic reticulum associated degradation)、非纤维化聚集物(nonfibrilar aggregates)、聚集体(aggresomes)及至纤维化LB (fibrilar LB)等构成了sPD病变过程的主要事件.这提示在sPD病变过程中,蛋白酶体功能障碍及其所致的LB形成过程实质上是细胞信号的转导过程,其间涉及了众多的蛋白质分子.  相似文献
设为首页 | 免责声明 | 关于勤云 | 加入收藏

Copyright©北京勤云科技发展有限公司  京ICP备09084417号