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排序方式: 共有86条查询结果,搜索用时 31 毫秒
1.
植物抗逆性与水杨酸介导的信号传导途径的关系   总被引:73,自引:0,他引:73  
基因表达既受发育过程的调控又受外界环境的影响。无论是内因还是外因诱发一组基因表达时都涉及信号传导(signal transduction)问题。局部器官和组织所发生的生理变化的信息要传递到远处的组织,引起基因表达时间和空间上的协调。信号传导途径的研究是当今分子生物学的研究热点之一。 作为信号传递的分子主要是小分子物质,属于次生代谢产物。也发现某些小肽具有信号分子的功能。信号分子可以在胞间扩散,亦可通过输导组织传送到远处的器官。近年来研究甚多的一种信号  相似文献
2.
Molecular analysis of acclimation to cold   总被引:32,自引:0,他引:32  
3.
环境胁迫诱导的植物细胞程序性死亡   总被引:24,自引:1,他引:23  
潘建伟  陈虹  顾青  朱睦元 《遗传》2002,24(3):385-388
在最近的10年中,兴起了对植物细胞程序性死亡的研究。大量的证据表明,在各种环境迫因子诱导植物细胞PCD过程中,活性氧、乙烯、Ca^2 、水杨酸、NO等成为重要的信号分子。像动物细胞凋亡一样,在植物PCD中也存在一条依赖于天冬氨酸特异性半胱氨酸蛋白酶(Caspases)活性的信号传导途径,其中,线粒体处于PCD调控的中心位置。  相似文献
4.
Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) is a potent mitogen for a variety of cells including hepatocytes. While rat oval cells are supposed to be one of hepatic stem cells, biological effects of HGF on oval cells and their relevant signal transduction pathways remain to be determined. We sought to investigate them on OC/CDE22 rat oval cells, which are established from the liver of rats fed a choline-deficient/DL-ethionine-supplemented diet. The oval cells were cultured on fibronectin-coated dishes and stimulated with recombinant HGF, transforming growth factor-alpha (TGF-alpha), and thrombopoietin (TPO) under the serum-free medium condition. HGF treatment enhanced [3H]thymidine incorporation into oval cells in a dose-dependent manner. On the contrary, treatment with TGF-alpha or TPO had no significant effects on [3H]thymidine incorporation into the oval cells. c-Met protein was phosphorylated at the tyrosine residues after the HGF treatment. AKT, extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2), and p70(s6k) were simultaneously activated after the HGF stimulation, peaking at 30min after the treatment. The activation of AKT, p70(s6k), and ERK1/2 induced by HGF was abolished by pre-treatment with LY294002, a phosphoinositide 3-OH kinase (PI3K) inhibitor, and U0126, a mitogen-activated protein kinase/ERK kinase (MEK) inhibitor, respectively. When the cells were pre-treated with LY294002 prior to the HGF stimulation, the proliferative action of HGF was completely abrogated, implying that the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway is responsible for the biological effect of HGF. These in vitro data indicate that HGF exerts a proliferative action on hepatic oval cells via activation of the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway.  相似文献
5.
促分裂原激活的蛋白激酶(MAPK)信号传导通路的研究进展   总被引:10,自引:0,他引:10  
牟金叶  陈晓光 《生命科学》2002,14(4):208-211,203
MAPK信号传导通路在真核生物细胞的生化和分化、细胞周期调节和细胞凋亡过程中发挥着重要的作用。生物化学研究和分子生物学鉴定表明:在酵母和哺乳动物细胞中MAPK信号传导通路都有一个保守的三组分激活模件,该模件内的激酶引发了一系列的磷酸化级联反应。了解MAPK信号传导通路的组成部分、调控方式和作用机制,有助于对因信号传导通路的调节失控而引起的疾病进行预防和治疗。  相似文献
6.
Adult axons in the mammalian central nervous system do not elicit spontaneous regeneration after injury, although many affected neurons have survived the neurotrauma. However, axonal regeneration does occur under certain conditions. These conditions include: (a) modification of regrowth environment, such as supply of peripheral nerve bridges and transplantation of Schwann cells or olfactory ensheathing glia to the injury site; (b) application of neurotrophic factors at the cell soma and axon tips; (c) blockade of growth-inhibitory molecules such as Nogo-A, myelin-associated glycoprotein, and oligodendrocyte-myelin glycoprotein; (d) prevention of chondroitin-sulfate-proteoglycans-related scar tissue formation at the injury site using chondroitinase ABC; and (e) elevation of intrinsic growth potential of injured neurons via increasing intra-cellular cyclic adenosine monophosphate level. A large body of evidence suggests that these conditions achieve enhanced neuronal survival and axonal regeneration through sometimes over-lapping and sometimes distinct signal transduction mechanisms, depending on the targeted neuronal populations and intervention circumstances. This article reviews the available information on signal transduction pathways underlying neurotrophic-factor-mediated neuronal survival and neurite outgrowth/axonal regeneration. Better understanding of signaling transduction is important in helping us develop practical therapeutic approaches for encouraging neuronal survival and axonal regeneration after traumatic injury in clinical context.  相似文献
7.
Wound-response regulation of the sweet potato sporamin gene promoter region   总被引:9,自引:0,他引:9  
Sporamin, a tuberous storage protein of sweet potato, was systemically expressed in leaves and stems by wound stimulation. In an effort to demonstrate the regulatory mechanism of wound response on the sporamin gene, a 1.25 kb sporamin promoter was isolated for studying the wound-induced signal transduction. Two wound response-like elements, a G box-like element and a GCC core-like sequence were found in this promoter. A construct containing the sporamin promoter fused to a -glucuronidase (GUS) gene was transferred into tobacco plants by Agrobacterium-mediated transformation. The wound-induced high level of GUS activity was observed in stems and leaves of transgenic tobacco, but not in roots. This expression pattern was similar to that of the sporamin gene in sweet potatoes. Exogenous application of methyl jasmonate (MeJA) activated the sporamin promoter in leaves and stems of sweet potato and transgenic tobacco plants. A competitive inhibitor of ethylene (2,5-norbornadiene; NBD) down-regulated the effect of MeJA on sporamin gene expression. In contrast, salicylic acid (SA), an inhibitor of the octadecanoid pathway, strongly suppressed the sporamin promoter function that was stimulated by wound and MeJA treatments. In conclusion, wound-response expression of the sporamin gene in aerial parts of plants is regulated by the octadecanoid signal pathway.  相似文献
8.
心肌细胞肥大的信号转导通路   总被引:9,自引:0,他引:9  
心肌肥厚是肥大刺激诱导核内基因异常表达的结果,细胞内信号转导通路是肥大刺激与核内基因转录活化的偶联环节。然而,淡同刺激诱导的心肌肥大可能具有不同的“分子表型”,这主要取决于它们启动的信号转导通路。对心肌肥大信号转导通路的深入认识,不仅胡助于阐明心肌肥厚的细胞分子机制,而且可为药物干预防治心肌肥厚提供新思路。  相似文献
9.
水分胁迫的基因表达和信号转导(综述)   总被引:5,自引:0,他引:5  
植物在水分胁迫条件下的依赖ABA和不依赖ABA的基因表达途径来调节对逆境的适应。植物通过渗透感受器感知胁迫信号,以MAPK和CDPK等途径传递信号,最终引起基因表达。  相似文献
10.
Ras的结构和功能及其参与的信号传导   总被引:4,自引:0,他引:4       下载免费PDF全文
从ras基因发现以来,因为它和癌症的相关性,引起了人们对其基因和蛋白研究的普遍关注.通过这些研究不仅知道了ras基因的癌变作用机制,而且对Ras蛋白与磷酸化途径的关系有了一个比较清晰的了解.同时关于Ras蛋白所参与的信号传导途径的研究使得对细胞内的整个信息通路的开关和调节有了更进一步的认识.Ras蛋白参与的信号传导途径还和其他的通路有相关性,如G蛋白的β、γ亚基二聚体可以激活Ras途径.因此对Ras途径的研究不仅可以了解Ras自身的调节途径,而且对细胞内整体的信息传导的研究是十分必要的.  相似文献
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