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1.
研究了捕自安徽宿州的成年雄性山地麻蜥 (Eremiasbrenchleyi)选择体温、热耐受性、温度对食物同化和运动表现的影响。结果显示 :①选择体温、临界高温和临界低温的平均值分别为 33 7、 43 6和 3 3℃。②环境温度在 2 6~ 38℃时 ,对山地麻蜥食物通过时间、摄食量、表观消化系数 (ADC)、同化效率 (AE)和运动表现有显著的影响 ;在 2 6~ 30℃时食物通过时间随温度升高而缩短 ,超过 30℃则随温度升高而延长 ;在 2 6和 2 8℃时 ,摄食量、ADC和AE均小于更高温度的对应值。③体温在 19~ 34℃ ,蜥蜴的疾跑速随体温上升而加快 ,31和 34℃时最快 ,超过 34℃后随体温升高而减慢 ;31和 34℃时的持续运动距离最长 ,超过 36℃后随体温升高而显著缩短 ,但体温 19~ 36℃蜥蜴的持续运动距离无显著差异 ;19~ 34℃蜥蜴的跑道停顿次数较少 ,无显著差异 ,超过 34℃后显著增加。  相似文献
2.
华北丽斑麻蜥食物同化和疾跑速的热依赖性   总被引:8,自引:4,他引:4  
罗来高  屈彦福  计翔 《动物学报》2006,52(2):256-262
作者研究山西阳泉丽斑麻蜥(Eremias argus)成体的选择体温、热耐受性及食物同化和疾跑速的热依赖性。选择体温、临界低温和临界高温无显著的两性差异,分别为36·0℃、1·0℃和44·9℃。在实验温度范围内,体温显著影响食物通过时间、日摄食量、日粪尿排量、表观消化系数和同化效率。食物通过时间在26 -34℃范围内随体温升高而缩短,在更高的体温下则延长。蜥蜴在30、32、34和36℃体温下明显摄入较多的食物、排出明显较多的粪尿。34℃和36℃下的表观消化系数和同化效率大于其它更低或更高温度下的对应数值,但这两个变量未因体温变化而呈现清晰的规律性变化。疾跑速在18 -36℃范围内随体温升高而加快,在38℃体温下则减缓。36℃或附近体温最适合疾跑速。疾跑速最适体温接近蜥蜴的选择体温,表明蜥蜴疾跑速的最适温度可能与其选择体温密切相关[动物学报52 (2) : 256 -262 , 2006]。  相似文献
3.
为研究中华花龟(Ocadia sinensis)幼体的热耐受性和运动表现热依赖性,设计了具有和缺乏温度梯度两种热环境,研究幼龟体温的昼夜变化。高、低温耐受性分别用临界高温和临界低温表示,体温为泄殖腔温度,水温和气温分别是幼龟所处位置的水温和1cm高气温。临界高温和临界低温分别为41.9℃和1.8℃。在有温度梯度的热环境中,体温、水温和气温平均值有显著的昼夜差异,水温和体温的日平均值无显著差异,两者均大于气温的日平均值。在缺乏温度梯度的热环境中,体温、气温和水温平均值亦有显著的昼夜差异,但气温、水温和体温的日平均温度无显著差异。温度梯度是幼龟进行体温调节不可或缺的条件,选择体温有显著的昼夜变化,最大值和最小值分别为29.2℃和25.4℃。在02:00—06:00时间段内,幼龟选择体温明显较低,其它测定时刻的选择体温无显著差异。幼龟各测定时刻的平均体温与平均气温和水温均呈正相关。处于温度梯度中幼龟特定气温的体温比处于缺乏温度梯度中的幼龟高3.7℃,这种差异是前者利用温度梯度进行体温调节的结果;处于不同热环境中幼龟特定水温的体温无显著差异。体温显著影响幼龟的运动表现。18—39℃体温范围内,疾跑速随体温增加而增加,36℃和39℃体温的幼龟疾跑速最大;体温达到41℃时,疾跑速显著下降。体温较高的幼龟的最大持续运动距离大于体温较低的幼龟。偏相关分析显示,疾跑速与最大持续运动距离和停顿次数呈显著的正相关,停顿次数与最大持续运动距离呈负相关。  相似文献
4.
研究中华鳖新孵幼体的热耐受性、体温及温度对运动能力的影响 .结果表明 ,在干燥和潮湿环境下 ,选择体温分别为 2 8.0℃和 30 .3℃ ;潮湿环境下 ,临界高温和低温分别为 40 .9℃和 7.8℃ .在缺乏温度梯度的热环境中 ,水温对幼鳖体温的影响比气温更直接 ,体温和环境温度的昼夜变化相一致 ,说明幼鳖生理调温能力很弱 .在有温度梯度的热环境中 ,幼鳖能通过行为调温将体温维持到较高且较恒定的水平 ,导致体温昼夜变化不明显 .幼鳖运动能力有显著的热依赖性 ,在一定温度范围内随体温升高而增强 .体温31.5℃时 ,幼鳖的运动表现最好 ,最大续跑距离、单位时间跑动距离和单位时间停顿次数分别为 1.87m、4 92m·min-1和 6 .2次·min-1.体温过高时 ,运动能力下降 .当体温为 33 .0℃时 ,最大续跑距离、单位时间跑动距离和单位时间停顿次数分别为 1.30m、4.2 8m·min-1和 7.7次·min-1.  相似文献
5.
热耐受性及温度对食物同化的影响   总被引:2,自引:2,他引:0       下载免费PDF全文
邱清波  曾小飚  林隆慧  计翔 《生态学报》2009,29(4):1738-1744
研究变色树蜥(Calotes versicolor)的选择体温、热耐受性、温度对食物同化的影响.结果显示:①幼体的选择体温、临界高温和临界低温的平均值分别为32.6、41.7℃和 7.7℃;成体的选择体温、临界高温和临界低温的平均值分别为33.1、42.0℃和8.2℃.②环境温度在26~34℃时,对变色树蜥食物通过时间和摄入能有显著的影响;对表观消化系数(ADC)和同化效率(AE)无显著的影响;在28~34℃时食物通过时间随温度升高而缩短;在26、28℃和30℃时,摄入能小于更高温度的对应值.  相似文献
6.
断尾对胎生蜥蜴运动能力和选择体温的影响   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
尾自切是蜥蜴为了降低被捕食危险而采取的一种反捕食适应策略,但断尾可导致体重减轻、热量收支平衡改变,并影响蜥蜴的运动能力和体温调节.为检验断尾对蜥蜴运动能力和选择体温的影响,于2006年5月选取黑龙江省小兴安岭地区的一个胎生蜥蜴种群进行实验.结果表明:在30 ℃和24℃两个实验温度下,断尾后胎生蜥蜴的运动能力均明显下降,表现在停顿次数增多、最大可持续距离和最大疾跑速度减少等方面;断尾、温度和性别对胎生蜥蝎运动能力的影响在一定程度上是相互独立的,断尾是影响胎生蜥蜴运动能力的主要因素;断尾对胎生蜥蝎的选择体温没有显著影响.  相似文献
7.
We maintained pregnant Sphenomorphus indicus under four thermal conditions for the whole gestation period to assess the effects of gestation temperature on offspring phenotypes. Parturition occurred between late June and early August, with females at high body temperatures giving birth earlier than those maintained at low body temperatures. Litter size, litter mass, and postpartum body mass did not differ among treatments, and females with relatively higher fecundity produced smaller offspring. Females gave birth to predominantly female offspring (85.7% of the 14 sexed offspring were females) at 24 °C and to predominantly male offspring (76.5% of the 17 sexed offspring were males) at 28 °C. Females with the opportunity to regulate body temperature produced a mix of sexes that did not differ from equality. Offspring produced in different treatments differed in head size, hind-limb length, and tympanum length, but not in snout-vent length, tail length, body mass, fore-limb length, and eye length. Offspring produced at 28 °C were not only smaller in head size, but also shorter in hind-limb length and tympanum length than those offspring produced at lower temperatures. Offspring produced at 28 °C performed more poorly in the racetrack and grew more slowly than offspring produced in the other three treatments. Taken together, our results show that S. indicus might be a temperature-dependent sex determination species and that offspring phenotypes are impaired at high gestation temperatures but maximized at relatively low gestation temperatures.  © 2006 The Linnean Society of London, Biological Journal of the Linnean Society , 2006, 88 , 453–463.  相似文献
8.

1. 1.|Selected body temperatures (SBT) of adult male, female and subadult Lacerta vivipara from a Belgian population, were measured monthly in a laboratory thermogradient.

2. 2.|Monthly mean SBTs varied between 29.9 and 34.0°C and differed significantly among months in all three lizard groups, and among lizard groups in 4 out of 6 months.

3. 3.|Evidence for a positive relationship between monthly SBT and air temperature was found in the subadults, but not in the adult lizards.

4. 4.|Monthly mean SBTs measured in this study were consistently higher (mean difference = 2.0°C) than those obtained by Patterson and Davies (1978) in a similar study on Lacerta vivipara from southern England.

Author Keywords: Selected body temperature; behavioural thermoregulation; Lacerta vivipara; intraspecific variation in body temperature  相似文献

9.
We studied a combination of thermal parameters (critical thermal maximum, selected body temperature, and field body temperature) and locomotor performance capacities (laboratory and field conditions) of juveniles of Pleurodema nebulosum. We found that field body temperature was determined largely by the temperature of the micro-environment. Field body temperatures of juveniles of P. nebulosum were below selected body temperature. The locomotor performance curve was maximized and reaches a plateau between 30 and 35 °C, with 35 °C being the temperature at which maximum performance was obtained for analyzed individuals. The plateau values were close to the selected body temperature (Tsel) obtained for the studied frogs. In field conditions the locomotor performance was determinated by the substrate temperature. Apparently, juveniles of P. nebulosum show thermal coadaptation because the selected body temperature and the optimum temperature for locomotion had close values. We believe that the temperatures prevailing during the early hours of activity would allow frogs to explore the micro-environment, covering larger areas in search of food.  相似文献
10.
1.
Various factors affect a reptile's capacity for thermoregulation and most studies have focussed on terrestrial species.
2.
We investigated the thermoregulatory abilities of the yellow anaconda (Eunectes notaeus) in terms of selected body temperature (Tsel), set-point range (Tset) and body posture in terrestrial and aquatic thermal mosaics.
3.
Yellow anacondas selected higher body temperatures (Tb) and have a narrower Tset in a terrestrial environment than in an aquatic one.
4.
Coiled body postures were most frequently observed and were generally associated with higher Tb.
  相似文献
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