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1.
OBJECTIVES: To explore the relationships between Fas-FasL-mediated signaling pathway and apoptosis disturbance of T lymphocyte subset in patients with SLE. METHODS: Flow cytometry was used to determine the percentage of apoptotic lymphocytes and necrotic lymphocytes by AnnexinV-FITC/PI double staining. Cell surface expression rates of Fas, FasL, and intracellular expression rates of activated caspase-3 were evaluated by two-color flow cytometry analysis in peripheral T lymphocyte subsets of SLE patients with inactive disease (n=22) and with active disease (n=17). The serum concentration of anti-nucleosome antibodies in SLE patients were assayed by ELISA immunoassay methods. Health volunteers (n=13) served as controls. RESULTS: The percentage of early apoptotic cells was enhanced in patients with active disease (P=0.001, vs. control) and in patients with inactive disease (P=0.004, vs. control). Compared with health control, the percentage of necrotic cells was significant higher in patients with active disease (P=0.001). The percentages of CD4(+)T cells expressing Fas (P=0.023, vs. control) and FasL (P=0.001, vs. control) were increased in patients with active disease. But there were no obvious differences of expression rates of Fas and FasL on T cell subset between two disease groups (P>0.05). In patients with active disease the percentage of CD4(+)T cells or CD8(+)T cells expressing intracellular activated caspase-3 significantly increased compared to inactive disease patients (P=0.018, P=0.027, respectively) and health controls (P=0.001, P=0.001, respectively). The serum concentration of anti-nucleosome antibodies was strikingly higher in patients with active disease (P=0.002, vs. patients with inactive disease; P=0.001, vs. control, respectively), however, the serum concentration of anti-nucleosome antibodies was not obviously different between patients with inactive disease and health control group (P=0.473). The percentage of apoptotic cells correlated with the serum concentration of anti-nucleosome antibodies in SLE patients (r(s)=0.350, P=0.031). CONCLUSIONS: Apoptosis of T lymphocyte subset in SLE patients increases. CD4(+)T cells are a state of active apoptosis. Fas/FasL-mediated apoptotic pathways are especially important for CD4(+)T cells undergoing apoptosis in SLE patients with active disease. Increased Fas expression results in a higher susceptibility to Fas-mediated apoptosis, which contributes to the increased levels of intracellular activated caspase-3 and accelerates apoptosis of T lymphocytes. The degree of lymphocytic apoptosis disturbance correlates with the level of anti-nucleosome antibodies in the circulation. Acceleration of lymphocytic apoptosis plays important roles in immune pathologic injury and immune regulation dysfunction.  相似文献
2.
Secondary structures of nucleic acids play an importantrole in regulating their transactions as carriers of thegenetic information, including DNA replication, trans-cription, RNA processing, RNA transport, and translation.Resolving double-stranded (ds) DNA or RNA is usually anenergy-dependent process that can be accomplished byproteins termed DNA or RNA helicases, which are presentin all prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms. Earlier attemptsto find mammalian helicases led to the detect…  相似文献
3.
Swarup V  Rajeswari MR 《FEBS letters》2007,581(5):795-799
Circulating nucleic acids (CNA) are present in small amounts in the plasma of healthy individuals. However, increased levels of plasma CNA have been reported in a number of clinical disorders like cancer, stroke, trauma, myocardial infarction, autoimmune disorders, and pregnancy-associated complications. CNA has received special attention because of its potential application as a non-invasive, rapid and sensitive tool for molecular diagnosis and monitoring of acute pathologies and the prenatal diagnosis of fetal genetic diseases. This review throws light on the current status of blood CNA as a diagnostic marker and its potential as a powerful tool in the future.  相似文献
4.
 Genetic factors seem to play a significant role in susceptibility to systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the amino acid polymorphism (Val14Met) found within the IFN-γ receptor gene (IFNGR1) plays a prominent role in susceptibility to SLE. We found Val14Met located at the COOH terminal of the signal peptide of the IFN-γ receptor. There was a significant difference in this polymorphism frequency between SLE patients and healthy populations. To clarify whether this amino acid substitution resulted in the alteration of the receptor function, we evaluated the induction of HLA-DR antigen expression on B cells by IFN-γ stimulation. There was also a significant difference in the induction of HLA-DR by IFN-γ stimulation between B cells. Furthermore, an intracellular cytokine assay indicated that the Th1/Th2 balance of Th cells bearing the variant receptor shifted to Th2. The genetic polymorphism found within the IFN-γ receptor gene (Val14Met) may result in a shift to Th2, and this shift may increase susceptibility to SLE. Received: 13 April 1998 / Revised: 30 July 1998  相似文献
5.
云南人群系统性红斑狼疮与TNF微卫星基因座关系的研究   总被引:4,自引:2,他引:2  
位于MHC内的肿瘤坏死因子(tomor necrosis factor,TNF)基因区域有5个微卫星基因座a、b、c、d和e,本研究调查了中国云南汉族系统性红斑狼疮(systemic lupus erythematosus,SLE)与这几个微卫星基因座多态性的关系。本用荧光标记引物和半自动基因扫描方法对云南地区97例SLE患及79例健康对照的5个微卫星基因座进行了基因分型,结果发现,SLE患的TNFα1(P=0.0206),c2(P=0.0000)等位基因频率较正常人显增高,而TNFα2(P=0.01630,c3(P=0.0065),c4(p=0.0012),d6(P=0.0448)等位基因频率则是正常对照较SLE患高。同时我们还发现在这5个微卫星基因座中,与白种人比较中国人出现了尚未发现的新等位基因。  相似文献
6.
7.
 Antinuclear autoantibodies are a hallmark of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Autoantibodies to HRES-1/p28, a 28 000 M r nuclear protein, commonly occur in patients with SLE. HRES-1 is a single-copy endogenous retroviral element mapped to human Chromosome 1 at q42. A polymorphic Hin dIII site defines two different allelic forms of the genomic locus. The HRES-1/1 probe [5.5 kilobases (kb)] anneals to three polymorphic fragments and three genotypes can be differentiated: I, 5.5 kb fragment only; II, 3.7 kb and 1.8 kb fragments only; and III, all three polymorphic fragments. By cloning of the HRES-1 locus from homozygous type I and type II human DNA samples, the polymorphic Hin dIII site was identified as a G to C transition at position 653 of the long terminal repeat region. Family studies showed that Hin dIII genotypes of the HRES-1 locus are inherited in a Mendelian pattern. The relative frequency of genotype I with respect to genotype III was 3.1-fold lower in patients with SLE (14 : 40=0.35) in comparison to 100 ethnically matched control donors (47 : 43=1.09;P=0.0084). Frequency of genotype I vs genotype II alleles was lower in SLE (68/52) than in normal donors (137/63;P=0.033), suggesting that a genotype I allele of the HRES-1 locus may be protective against SLE. Western blot seroreactivity with recombinant HRES-1/p28 was noted in 4/14 (29%) of genotype I patients and 13/19 (68%) of genotype III patients (P<0.025). These data raise the possibility that the HRES-1 element or a gene in linkage disequilibrium with this genomic locus may influence autoimmunity in SLE. Received: 20 February 1999 / Revised: 15 April 1999  相似文献
8.
目的探讨系统性红斑狼疮(SLE)合并隐球菌性脑膜炎的诊断及鉴别诊断。方法对1例SLE并发隐球菌性脑膜炎患者的临床及实验室检查特点进行分析,并结合文献复习进行讨论。结果患者出现中枢感染前长期使用泼尼松治疗,曾误诊为狼疮脑病应用激素冲击治疗无效;治疗过程中出现狼疮活动,激素加量后症状缓解。结论 SLE并发隐球菌性脑膜炎患者的临床表现缺乏特异性,感染相关症状与SLE表现部分重叠,腰穿脑脊液墨汁染色找隐球菌和隐球菌抗原乳胶凝集试验是诊断的主要手段。及时诊断和有效抗真菌治疗可改善患者的预后。  相似文献
9.
EB病毒膜抗原与系统性红斑狼疮相关性的实验研究   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
目的:探讨EB病毒膜抗原(MA)的表达与系统性红斑狼疮的关系.方法:用直接免疫荧光抗体法(DFA)检测MA在转基因小鼠体内的表达,用间接免疫荧光法(IFA)和免疫印迹法(IBT)分别检测血清中的抗核抗体(ANA)和抗ENA抗体,用Bradford法检测小鼠24h尿蛋白浓度.常规病理HE染色观察小鼠的肾脏病理改变,冰冻切片免疫荧光检测肾脏是否有免疫复合物沉积.结果:表达MA的转基因小鼠组,有8只小鼠ANA阳性,5只小鼠抗ENA抗体阳性,24h尿蛋白浓度平均值为4153.8 g/ml,小鼠肾脏存在多种病理改变及大量免疫复合物在肾小球沉积.对照组小鼠ANA、抗ENA抗体均为阴性,24h尿蛋白浓度平均值为382.7g/ml,肾脏未见病理改变.结论:EB病毒MA的表达可能引发SLE.  相似文献
10.
Background: P-selectin is an adhesion receptor expressed on activated platelets and endothelial cells. Its natural ligand, P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1, is expressed on leucocytes and the P-selectin/PSGL-1 interaction is involved in leukocyte rolling. We have compared the interaction of P-selectin with several low molecular weight polysaccharides: fucoidan, heparin and dextran sulfate.  相似文献
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