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Trevor Price 《Oecologia》1991,86(4):535-541
Summary I investigated genetic and environmental factors affecting fledgling chick size in the Yellow browed leaf warbler Phylloscopus inornatus. The proportion of variation among broods is >45% for both tarsus length and body weight; this can be attributed at least in part to effects of the shared nest environment. A high off-spring-parent regression for weight also appears to be partly due to an environmentally induced correlation and the regression is reduced when effects of laying date are controlled for. A cross-fostering experiment demonstrated a significant nest of origin x nest of rearing interaction. The presence of genotype-environment interaction affecting chick size may be quite general in birds. It is shown how this can account for observed patterns of the dependence of the magnitude of offspringparent regression on prevailing conditions, as has been found in other studies. In P. inornatus the failure to detect significant genetic variance in chick body weight and tarsus length may be due to high standard errors on the estimates, but it may also reflect true low levels of genetic variance in chick size if the genotype-interaction effect described occurs regularly in this species.  相似文献
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气候变化对鸟类迁徙时间的影响是目前生态学研究的热点问题。本文利用鸟类环志的方法分析了2010至2019年河北秦皇岛两种鸟类春季迁徙时间变化趋势及其差异性,并进一步探讨了差异性的原因。选择环志数量较多的食虫鸟黄眉柳莺(Phylloscopus inornatus)和食谷鸟灰头鹀(Emberiza spodocephala)作为研究对象,分析了10年间两种鸟类春季迁徙到达时间、高峰期、离开时间和停歇天数的变化及其相关性。结果表明,10年间黄眉柳莺和灰头鹀春季迁徙到达时间、高峰期和离开时间都出现了提前现象。黄眉柳莺和灰头鹀在秦皇岛停歇天数都呈现缩短的趋势,黄眉柳莺到达时间与离开时间存在显著的正相关。两种候鸟春季迁徙时间出现这种变化的原因是由于秦皇岛环境温度呈现逐渐升高的趋势,促使各种植被群落和昆虫提前进入生长繁殖阶段,为春季提前迁徙而来的候鸟提供丰富的食物资源。黄眉柳莺春季迁徙期在秦皇岛采取"早到早走"的策略,提早到达繁殖地可以增加其繁殖成功率,有助于提高鸟类种群的生存率。  相似文献
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