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1.
Preparation and characterization of YADH-bound magnetic nanoparticles   总被引:16,自引:0,他引:16  
The covalently binding of yeast alcohol dehydrogenase (YADH) to magnetic nanoparticles via carbodiimide activation was studied. The magnetic nanoparticles Fe3O4 with a mean diameter of 10.6 nm were prepared by co-precipitating Fe2+ and Fe3+ ions in an ammonia solution and treating under hydrothermal conditions. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) micrographs showed that the magnetic nanoparticles remained discrete and had no significant change in size after binding YADH. X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns indicated both the magnetic nanoparticles before and after binding YADH were pure Fe3O4. Magnetic measurement revealed the resultant magnetic nanoparticles were superparamagnetic characteristics, and their saturation magnetization was reduced only slightly after enzyme binding. The analysis of Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy confirmed the binding of YADH to magnetic nanoparticles and suggested a possible binding mechanism. In addition, the measurement of protein content revealed that the maximum weight ratio of YADH bound to magnetic nanoparticles was 0.125, below which the binding efficiency of YADH was almost 100%. The kinetic measurements indicated the bound YADH retained 62% of its original activity and exhibited a 10-fold improved stability than did the free enzyme. The maximum specific activities and Michaelis constants were also determined.  相似文献
2.
Preparation and antibacterial activity of chitosan nanoparticles   总被引:15,自引:0,他引:15  
Qi L  Xu Z  Jiang X  Hu C  Zou X 《Carbohydrate research》2004,339(16):2693-2700
Chitosan nanoparticles, such as those prepared in this study, may exhibit potential antibacterial activity as their unique character. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the in vitro antibacterial activity of chitosan nanoparticles and copper-loaded nanoparticles against various microorganisms. Chitosan nanoparticles were prepared based on the ionic gelation of chitosan with tripolyphosphate anions. Copper ions were adsorbed onto the chitosan nanoparticles mainly by ion-exchange resins and surface chelation to form copper-loaded nanoparticles. The physicochemical properties of the nanoparticles were determined by size and zeta potential analysis, atomic force microscopy (AFM), FTIR analysis, and XRD pattern. The antibacterial activity of chitosan nanoparticles and copper-loaded nanoparticles against E. coli, S. choleraesuis, S. typhimurium, and S. aureus was evaluated by calculation of minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC). Results show that chitosan nanoparticles and copper-loaded nanoparticles could inhibit the growth of various bacteria tested. Their MIC values were less than 0.25 microg/mL, and the MBC values of nanoparticles reached 1 microg/mL. AFM revealed that the exposure of S. choleraesuis to the chitosan nanoparticles led to the disruption of cell membranes and the leakage of cytoplasm.  相似文献
3.
磁性微球的制备及在生物分离应用中的研究进展   总被引:11,自引:0,他引:11  
磁性微球是一类新型的功能材料,雀生物医学工程、细胞生物学和环境工程具有广泛的应用。本文从磁性微球的结构、特性和制备方法进行了探讨,并详细介绍了磁性微球在细胞分离、蛋白质以及核酸的制备纯化领域中的应用。  相似文献
4.
Antimicrobial cellulose acetate nanofibers containing silver nanoparticles   总被引:11,自引:0,他引:11  
It was found for the first time that polymer nanofibers containing Ag nanoparticles on their surface could be produced by UV irradiation of polymer nanofibers electrospun with small amounts of silver nitrate (AgNO3). When the cellulose acetate (CA) nanofibers electrospun from CA solutions with 0.5 wt% of AgNO3 were irradiated with UV light at 245 nm, Ag nanoparticles were predominantly generated on the surface of the CA nanofibers. The number and size of the Ag nanoparticles were continuously increased up to 240 min. The Ag+ ions and Ag clusters diffused and aggregated on the surface of the CA nanofibers during the UV irradiation. The Ag nanoparticles with an average size of 21 nm exhibited strong antimicrobial activity.  相似文献
5.
利用纳米材料制作多肽疫苗佐剂的思考   总被引:11,自引:0,他引:11       下载免费PDF全文
纳米粒子与生物体有着密切的关系,DNA/蛋白质复合体就在15~20 nm之间,多种病毒颗粒也是纳米级的超微粒子.多肽抗原需要与适当载体形成复合物才能诱导有效的免疫应答,但载体效应难以避免.纳米佐剂可以避免载体效应的发生,而且还是巨噬细胞(Mφ)、树突状细胞(DC)的首选吞噬目标.纳米化的有机药物可提高其生物利用度、制剂的均匀性、分散性和吸收性;脂质体可使药物更快地到达靶向部位,而且特异性更强.目前主要用理化的方法制作纳米材料,几乎所有的生化药品,特别是DNA药物的研究开发都可引入纳米材料,多肽疫苗的分子佐剂更是如此.  相似文献
6.
CdSe/ZnS quantum dots (QDs) exhibited fluorescence emission blue shifts when conjugated to antibodies or DNA aptamers that are bound to bacteria. The intensity of the shifted emission peak increased with the number of bound bacteria. Curiously, the emission was consistently shifted to approximately 440-460 nm, which is distinctly different from the major component of the natural fluorescence spectrum of these QDs. This minor emission peak can grow upon conjugation to antibodies or aptamers and subsequent binding to bacterial cell surfaces. We hypothesize that the wavelength shift is due to changes in the chemical environment of the QD conjugates when they encounter the bacterial surface and may be due to physical deformation of the QD that changes the quantum confinement state. Regardless of the mechanism, these remarkable emission wavelength shifts of greater than 140 nm in some cases strongly suggest new applications for QD-receptor conjugates.  相似文献
7.
生物分子的纳米粒子标记和检测技术   总被引:9,自引:0,他引:9       下载免费PDF全文
 生物分子的标记和检测一直是生物分析领域的重要内容 .近年来 ,纳米材料与生物检测技术的结合 ,使得生物分子的检测有了重要的发展 ,这一交叉学科现已成为生物分析领域最具活力的研究方向 .对近期出现的新型纳米粒子标记物的性质、检测原理、特点和应用进行了评述 ,并分析了用该标记物进行分析的可能发展方向  相似文献
8.
纳米颗粒增强酶生物传感器性能的研究进展   总被引:8,自引:0,他引:8  
简要介绍生物传感器的原理及分类,并且对纳米颗粒增强酶生物传感器的研究现状进行了评述,尤其是纳米颗粒对葡萄糖生物传感器和尿酸酶生物传感器的增强作用,并对我国生物传感器的发展方向做了展望。  相似文献
9.
纳米基因转运体——原理、研制与应用   总被引:8,自引:0,他引:8       下载免费PDF全文
基因转移是基因治疗的关键技术,一直以来也是制约基因治疗成功开展的瓶颈问题.随着纳米技术的发展,纳米基因转运体的研制获得了积极发展,其系统内和细胞内基因转移机理得到了深入阐明.设计与研制在体内循环时间长、具有靶特异性的纳米转运体为突破基因转移瓶颈,实现安全、高效和靶向性基因治疗带来了新的希望.  相似文献
10.
Three heme proteins, myoglobin, hemoglobin, and cytochrome c, have been adsorbed onto chitosan-stabilized gold nanoparticles (Chit-Aus) modified Au electrode via a molecule bridge like cysteine. UV-vis spectra indicated that the proteins on Chit-Aus films retained near-native secondary structures. The fabricated procedures and electrochemical behaviors of proteins on such an interface were characterized with electrochemical impedance spectra and cyclic voltammetric techniques. It was demonstrated that Chit-Aus film could not only offer a friendly environment to immobilize protein molecules but also enhance the electron transfer ability between protein molecules and underlying electrode. The effects of scan rate and pH on the electrochemical behaviors of each heme protein are discussed in detail. The resultant electrode displayed an excellent electrocatalytic response to the reduction of H(2)O(2), long-term stability, and good reproducibility.  相似文献
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