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微尾鼩冬季肥满度的初步研究   总被引:3,自引:1,他引:2  
对野外捕获 2 2 2号微尾标本进行肥满度研究。结果表明 ,不同生境肥满度差异不显著 ,雌雄微尾肥满度之间无显著差异 ,不同年龄组间肥满度差异显著 ,未成年个体肥满度明显高于成年个体 ;冬季各月份肥满度与种群数量呈负相关 ,r =- 0 96 4 6 <0 ,P <0 0 1,差异极显著  相似文献
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四川地震灾区灾后一年农村小兽监测报告   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2       下载免费PDF全文
为了了解四川汶川5.12大地震后灾区害鼠的种群数量变化和群落演替,预防鼠传疫病的发生,指导灾后的媒介生物控制和鼠源疫病防控。从2008年6月开始每月对灾区进行一次小兽(鼠情)监测,持续1年,主要在重灾区的都江堰、彭州、什邡、绵竹、北川和汶川6地进行。采用夹日法进行调查,选择农田和村庄二种主要生境。至2009年6月止,在农田生境共布15933夹日,总体捕获率达7.35%,主要捕获到啮齿目(Rodentia)和食虫目(Insectivora)两类,其中啮齿目为1.49%,食虫目鼩鼱科(Soricidae)为5.86%。捕获的种类有褐家鼠(Rattus norvegicus)、大足鼠(Rattus nitidus)、黄胸鼠(Rattus tanezumi)、小家鼠(Mus musculus)、黑线姬鼠(Apodemus agrarias)、巢鼠(Micromys minutus)、针毛鼠(Niviventer fulvescens)、四川短尾鼩(Anourosorex squamipes)与臭鼩(Suncus Murinus)。村庄区域的捕获率相对较高,达12.50%,主要捕获的亦是食虫目鼩鼱科的四川短尾鼩,高达10.02%,啮齿目的捕获率为2.48%。捕获的种类有褐家鼠、黄胸鼠、小家鼠和四川短尾鼩。从数据看,经过灾后的各种控制措施,啮齿目种类的捕获率基本低于3%,说明灾后的鼠害控制措施还是比较有效的。但食虫目鼩鼱科的捕获率较高,是值得注意的动向。特别是都江堰、彭州、什邡、绵竹四地的四川短尾鼩为绝对优势种群,且目前基数不低。更应引起重视的是四川短尾鼩的繁殖率保持高位,高于已有报道的同期水平;黑线姬鼠的繁殖率也不低。另外,四川短尾鼩大量进入房舍区域,值得留意。据以往类似研究结果,结合初步调查数据和控制鼠传疾病的角度考虑,灾区鼠情的监测要有中长期的思想准备,认为至少持续3年以上时间。需密切关注四川短尾鼩和黑线姬鼠种群动态趋势。  相似文献
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Yuan SL  Lin LK  Oshida T 《Molecular ecology》2006,15(8):2119-2130
To test the Pleistocene interglacial refugia hypothesis with a high-elevation mammal, we studied the phylogeography of the mole-shrew (Anourosorex yamashinai) using partial mitochondrial cytochrome b gene sequences (737 bases). This shrew is endemic to Taiwan. It is mainly distributed in the highlands from 1000 to 2500 m in elevation. We examined 103 specimens from 24 localities in three mountain ranges of Taiwan and found 36 haplotypes. These haplotypes separated into two major phylogroups (Northern and Southern) plus a minor phylogroup (Houhuan) of only one haplotype. This demonstrated strong association with geography. The formation of these three phylogroups may be the result of interglacial refugia during the middle Pleistocene. Distinct sublineages were not found within each major phylogroup, suggesting that the populations (phylogroups) explosively expanded from the interglacial refugia of ancestral founder haplotypes. The present distribution pattern of haplotypes suggests that Mount Houhuan is an effective refugium in central Taiwan. It was not possible to specify the refugia for the Northern and Southern phylogroups.  相似文献
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2009年9月,在广东省南岭国家级自然保护区石坑崆(24°55’7″N,112°59’4″E;海拔1831~1895m)进行动物考察时采集到一批兽类标本。经鉴定,其中鼩猬(Neotetracus sinensis)和短尾鼩  相似文献
6.
米志平 《四川动物》2008,27(1):105-106,F0003
对四川短尾鼩肝脏和胰腺的组织解剖结构进行了研究,结果表明:肝脏分为4叶,它们的肝实质完全分开.肝小叶的分界极不明显,1个肝小叶内的肝细胞大小不一致,靠近中央静脉的肝细胞体积较小,而肝小叶外围的肝细胞体积较大.胰腺的形态松散,无法区分出胰头、胰体和胰尾.胰腺小叶非常明显,大小不等.胰腺的组织结构包括外分泌部和胰岛两部分.  相似文献
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Diet analysis of potential small mammals pest species is important for understanding feeding ecology and evaluating their impact on crops and stored foods. Chinese mole shrew (Anourosorex squamipes), distributed in Southwest China, has previously been reported as a farmland pest. Effective population management of this species requires a better understanding of its diet, which can be difficult to determine with high taxonomic resolution using conventional microhistological methods. In this study, we used two DNA metabarcoding assays to identify 38 animal species and 65 plant genera from shrew stomach contents, which suggest that A. squamipes is an omnivorous generalist. Earthworms are the most prevalent (>90%) and abundant (>80%) food items in the diverse diet of A. squamipes. Species of the Fabaceae (frequency of occurrence [FO]: 88%; such as peanuts) and Poaceae (FO: 71%; such as rice) families were the most common plant foods identified in the diet of A. squamipes. Additionally, we found a seasonal decrease in the diversity and abundance of invertebrate foods from spring and summer to winter. Chinese mole shrew has a diverse and flexible diet throughout the year to adapt to seasonal variations in food availability, contributing to its survival even when food resources are limited. This study provides a higher resolution identification of the diet of A. squamipes than has been previously described and is valuable for understanding shrew feeding ecology as well as evaluating possible species impacts on crops.  相似文献
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利用生物显微技术观察和研究了四川短尾鼩(Anourosorex squamipes)唾液腺的组织结构。结果表明,腮腺属纯浆液腺,有闰管和分泌管,无颗粒曲管;颌下腺属混合腺,以混合性腺泡为主,有少量浆液性腺泡和黏液性腺泡,有闰管、颗粒曲管和分泌管;舌下腺属纯黏液腺,有闰管和分泌管,无颗粒曲管,但在分泌管上存在有颗粒曲管细胞。  相似文献
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