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1.
We have characterized adhesion molecules on the surface of multipotential human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) and identified molecules whose ligands are present on mature hematopoietic cells. Flow cytometric analysis of hMSCs identified the expression of integrins: alpha1, alpha2, alpha3, alpha5, alpha6, alphav, beta1, beta3, and beta4, in addition to ICAM-1, ICAM-2, VCAM-1, CD72, and LFA-3. Exposure of hMSCs to IL-1alpha, TNFalpha or IFNgamma up-modulated ICAM-1 surface expression, whereas only IFNgamma increased both HLA-class I and -class II molecules on the cell surface. Whole cell-binding assays between the hMSCs and hematopoietic cell lines showed that T lymphocytic lines bound hMSCs with higher affinity than lines of either B lymphocytes or those of myeloid lineage. Experiments using autologous T lymphocytes isolated from peripheral blood mononuclear cells showed that hMSCs exhibited increased affinity for activated T-lymphocytes compared to resting T cells by quantitative whole cell binding and rosetting assays. Flow cytometric analysis of rosetted cells demonstrated that both CD4+ and CD8+ cells bound to hMSCs. To determine the functional significance of these findings, we tested the ability of hMSCs to present antigen to T lymphocytes. hMSCs pulsed with tetanus toxoid stimulated proliferation and cytokine production (IL-4, IL-10, and IFNgamma) in a tetanus-toxoid-specific T cell line. Maximal cytokine production correlated with maximal antigen-dependent proliferation. These data demonstrate physiological outcome as a consequence of interactions between hMSCs and human hematopoietic lineage cells, suggesting a role for hMSCs in vivo to influence both hematopoietic and immune function(s).  相似文献
2.
真菌多糖对中国对虾血清及淋巴细胞免疫活性的影响   总被引:39,自引:0,他引:39       下载免费PDF全文
选用从北虫草中提取的真菌多糖作为免疫增强剂,测定真菌多糖对中国对虾血清及淋巴器官中淋巴细胞的免疫活性的影响。经体腔内注射真菌多糖后,检测淋巴细胞的吞噬率和吞噬指数,以及对血清免疫活性的影响。实验结果表明,注射多糖48h后,中国对虾淋巴细胞的吞噬率提高11.4%,吞噬指数提高39.7%。血清的溶血能力,溶菌能力与对照组相比有明显提高,一直维持到96h仍具较高水平,对虾血清的凝集红细胞活性也有所增加。  相似文献
3.
4.
Human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have immuno-modulatory properties. They inhibit T-cell proliferation to mitogens and alloantigens in vitro and prolong skin graft survival in vivo. We found that MSCs inhibited the proliferation of peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBLs) to phorbol myristate acetate (PMA), suggesting that MSCs exert an inhibitory effect downstream of the receptor level. We analyzed cytokine profiles of PBLs co-cultured with MSCs. MSCs increased interleukin (IL)-2 and soluble IL-2 receptor in mixed lymphocyte cultures (MLCs), while IL-2 and IL-2R decreased in phytohemagglutinin (PHA)-stimulated PBL cultures. MSCs inhibited IL-2 induced proliferation, without absorbing IL-2. IL-10 levels increased in MLCs co-cultured with 10% MSCs, while the levels were not affected in PHA cultures. In MLCs inhibited by MSCs, antibodies against IL-10 further suppressed proliferation but had no effect in PHA cultures. Addition of indomethacin, an inhibitor of prostaglandin-synthesis, restored part of the inhibition by MSCs in PHA cultures. However, indomethacin did not affect MSC-induced inhibition in MLCs. To conclude, our data indicate that MSC-induced suppression is a complex mechanism affecting IL-2 and IL-10 signaling and may function differently, depending on T-cell stimuli. Prostaglandins are important in the inhibition by MSCs when the T cells were activated by PHA, but not alloantigens.  相似文献
5.
本文研究结果表明,亚硫酸氢钠(二氧化硫)能够引起人血淋巴细胞姊妹染色单体互换(SCE)和微核(MN)率的增加,可使淋巴细胞有丝分裂周期延迟及细胞分裂指数下降,且这些作用有显著的剂量效应关系。结果指出,亚硫酸氢钠在低浓度下仅引起细胞染色单体型畸变,在高浓度下既可引起染色单体型畸变,又可引起染色体型畸变。结果还指出,亚硫酸氢钠对染色体畸变(CA)和MN的诱发效应有明显的个体差异。硫酸钠未能引起上述细胞  相似文献
6.
1. Researchers involved in ecology and toxicology, as well as many other aspects of avian biology, use phytohaemagglutinin (PHA) skin testing as a means of evaluating the immune status of individuals.
2. Immune function, one measure of individual quality, can be used as a sensitive, non-lethal variable that may be negatively affected in animals exposed to degraded, contaminated or otherwise disturbed ecological zones.
3. Typically this test has been applied by challenging one wing web with the immunostimulant PHA, while the other 'control' wing is injected with phosphate buffered saline (PBS). Injection sites on the wing web are measured before and 24 h after injection with PHA or PBS. The immune response is considered to be the difference between the two wings.
4. Results from PHA skin tests conducted on 608 birds in seven studies representing passerines, waterfowl, upland game birds and raptors are examined.
5. Numerous advantages to eliminating the PBS injection as the experimental control are: (i) decrease by half, the time required for testing; (ii) decrease handling-related stress on the birds (proportional to handling time); (iii) reduce the probability of errors at injection time; (iv) spare the other wing for different tests or uses (e.g. tuberculin DTH testing); and (v) decrease the coefficient of variation that is due to measurement inaccuracies.
6. The only disadvantage identified is that hypersensitive individuals (outliers) could be missed, which in this case represents 2 of 608 individuals.  相似文献
7.
Human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) were evaluated for their ability to activate allogeneic T cells in cell mixing experiments. Phenotypic characterization of MSCs by flow cytometry showed expression of MHC Class I alloantigens, but minimal expression of Class II alloantigens and costimulatory molecules, including CD80 (B7-1), CD86 (B7-2), and CD40. T cells purified from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) did not proliferate to allogeneic MSCs. Lack of response was not due to a deficiency of costimulation, since retroviral transduction of MSCs with either B7-1 or B7-2 costimulatory molecules did not result in lymphoproliferation. Although these results suggested that MSCs were immunologically inert or potentially tolerogenic, T cells cultured with MSCs produced IFN- and displayed secondary kinetics to restimulation with PBMCs, indicating alloantigen priming rather than tolerance induction by the MSCs. To determine whether MSCs suppressed alloreactive T cells, MSCs were added to primary mixed lymphocyte reaction (MLR) cultures. MSCs suppressed cell proliferation when added at the initiation of culture or when added to an ongoing MLR culture. Suppression was dose-dependent, genetically unrestricted, and occurred whether or not MSCs were pretreated with IFN-. MSCs in transwell chambers suppressed primary MLR cultures, indicating that suppression was mediated by soluble molecules. Analysis of cytokines in suppressed MLR cultures demonstrated up-regulation of IFN- and IL-10, and down-regulation of TNF- production relative to control cultures. We conclude that MSCs can initiate activation of alloreactive T cells, but do not elicit T cell proliferative responses due to active suppressive mechanisms.  相似文献
8.
灵芝多糖对小鼠细胞免疫功能调节作用的实验研究   总被引:27,自引:0,他引:27  
研究灵芝多糖 (GLB7)对小鼠细胞免疫功能调节作用的影响。实验小鼠分成 4组 ,分别经胃灌注不同剂量 (高、中、低 )灵芝多糖 ,每天 1次 ,连续 14d ,对照组小鼠用以等量蒸馏水代替。分别于实验第 15 ,2 8d进行小鼠细胞免疫功能调节作用的测试。灵芝多糖喂药后 2周 ,3个剂量组小鼠脾淋巴细胞转化试验、小鼠腹腔巨噬细胞对鸡血红细胞的吞噬百分率和吞噬指数 ;低剂量组小鼠迟发型变态反应 (DTH)、小鼠碳廓清 ;高剂量组小鼠NK细胞活性和对照组比较均有显著性差异 (P <0 .0 5 )。喂药后 4周 :上述实验结果和对照组比较均无显著性差异 (P >0 .0 5 )。结果提示灵芝多糖能提高小鼠的非特异性和特异性细胞免疫功能。  相似文献
9.
草鱼胸腺组织学的研究   总被引:25,自引:5,他引:20  
草鱼胸腺位于鳃腔背上角,紧贴在鳃腔膜之下,突起部分伸入到下颞凹,整个胸腺形态形似菱角。其组织结构可分为外区、中区和内区。中区和内区主要由淋巴细胞和网状上皮细胞构成,在组织结构上分别类似于高等脊椎动物胸腺的皮质和髓质区。胸腺淋巴细胞可分大、中、小三型,小淋巴细胞约占78%,中淋巴细胞约占15%,大淋巴细胞约占4%。在Ⅰ龄草鱼,每毫克胸腺约有3.6×10~6个胸腺淋巴细胞,Ⅱ龄草鱼约为2×10~6。Ⅰ至Ⅱ龄草鱼胸腺重量明显地随鱼龄增加,Ⅱ龄以上草鱼胸腺重量变化无规律,成鱼胸腺表现出明显的退化。草鱼胸腺除年龄性退化外,还存在环境因素引起的非年龄性退化。  相似文献
10.
The results of our previous work indicated that cell-mediated immune response, of importance in protection against Treponema pallidum, is distinctly inhibited at certain periods of syphilitic infection. Considering that cytokines, produced by Th1 lymphocytes, take part in this response and that their secretion may be regulated by cytokines of Th2 lymphocytes, we examined if, and in which stages of syphilis, such a regulation may exist. In this study we have examined the ability of cells to produce IL-2, IFN and TNF (Th1 or Th1 like cytokines) as well as IL-6 and IL-10 (Th2 or Th2 like cytokines). It was found that cells of syphilitic patients were able to produce IL-2, IFN, TNF, IL-10 and weakly IL-6 already in primary seronegative syphilis. At the same stage of syphilis, but seropositive, ability of Th1 lymphocytes to produce cytokines reached the highest values, whereas the cells producing IL-10 lost this ability. The cells producing IL-6 and MIF had the highest ability in secondary early syphilis. In this stage of syphilis again slightly increased the ability of cells to secrete IL-10, which reached the highest value in early latent syphilis. The growing ability to produce IL-6 and IL-10 was accompanied with a diminished production of IL-2, IFN and TNF nearly in all stages of syphilis. Only MIF, in contrast to other cytokines, was produced in late syphilis without distinct changes. The greatest suppression of Th1 lymphocytes to produce cytokines and cells to secretion of MIF was found in early latent syphilis when the level of IL-10 in cell culture supernates was the highest. High ability of Th2 lymphocytes to cytokines secretion in late syphilis and low ability of Th1 ones, which are very important for cell-mediated immune response, may be the reason for facilitating T. pallidum multiplication and development of latent stages of disease despite presence of immunologically competent cells.  相似文献
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