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排序方式: 共有246条查询结果,搜索用时 34 毫秒
1.
We examined the role of chemokine signaling on the lymph node metastasis of oral squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) using lymph node metastatic (HNt and B88) and nonmetastatic oral SCC cells. Of 13 kinds of chemokine receptors examined, only CXCR4 expression was up-regulated in HNt and B88 cells. CXCR4 ligand, stromal-cell-derived factor-1alpha (SDF-1alpha; CXCL12), induced characteristic calcium fluxes and chemotaxis only in CXCR4-expressing cells. CXCR4 expression in metastatic cancer tissue was significantly higher than that in nonmetastatic cancer tissue or normal gingiva. Although SDF-1alpha was undetectable in either oral SCC or normal epithelial cells, submandibular lymph nodes expressed the SDF-1alpha protein, mainly in the stromal cells, but occasionally in metastatic cancer cells. The conditioned medium from lymphatic stromal cells promoted the chemotaxis of B88 cells, which was blocked by the CXCR4 neutralization. SDF-1alpha rapidly activated extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)1/2 and Akt/protein kinase B (PKB), and their synthetic inhibitors attenuated the chemotaxis by SDF-1alpha. SDF-1alpha also activated Src family kinases (SFKs), and its inhibitor PP1 diminished the SDF-1alpha-induced chemotaxis and activation of both ERK1/2 and Akt/PKB. These results indicate that SDF-1/CXCR4 signaling may be involved in the establishment of lymph node metastasis in oral SCC via activation of both ERK1/2 and Akt/PKB induced by SFKs.  相似文献
2.
Gastric cancer remains the second leading cause of cancer deaths worldwide. Patients usually present late with local invasion or metastatic diseases. The present study investigated the expression level of liver-intestine cadherin (LI-cadherin) by RT-PCR and its correlation with clinicopathological data in 71 pairs of tumor and non-cancerous gastric mucosa. Protein expression level of LI-cadherin was determined by Western blotting and immunohistochemistry. The mRNA of LI-cadherin was highly expressed in tumor as compared to non-cancerous mucosa. Lymph node metastasis was significantly associated with the expression of LI-cadherin (p=0.038). On multivariate analysis, T staging and LI-cadherin expression were found to be independent factors associated with lymph node metastasis.  相似文献
3.
The tumor growth-inhibiting and chemo-potentiating effects of vitamin C and K(3)combinations have been demonstrated both in vitro and in vivo. The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of orally administered vitamin C and K(3) on the metastasis of mouse liver tumor (T.L.T.) cells implanted in C3H mice. Adult male C3H mice were given water containing vitamin C and K3 (15 g/0.15 g dissolved in 1000 ml) beginning 2 weeks before tumor transplantation until the end of the experiment. T.L.T. cells (106) were implanted intramuscularly in the right thigh of mice. All mice were sacrificed 42 days after tumor transplantation. Primary tumor, lungs, lymph nodes and other organs or tissues suspected of harboring metastases were macroscopically examined. Samples of primary tumors, their local lymph nodes, lungs and main organs such as liver, kidneys, spleen were taken for histological examination. Forty-two percent of control mice exhibited lung metastases and 27% possessed metastases in local lymph nodes whereas 24% of vitamin-treated mice exhibited lung metastases and 10% possessed local lymph nodes metastases. The total number of lung metastases was 19 in control group and 10 in vitamin C and K(3)-treated mice. Histopathological examination of the metastatic tumors from the vitamin-treated mice revealed the presence of many tumor cells undergoing autoschizic cell death. These results demonstrate that oral vitamin C and K(3) significantly inhibited the metastases of T.L.T. tumors in C3H mice. At least a portion of this inhibition was due to tumor cell death by autoschizis.  相似文献
4.
Summary The peptidergic innervation of lymphoid tissue and the lung in relation to mast cells was studied in rat. The sensitivity of neuropeptide-containing nerves to capsaicin treatment and immunization was also examined. Measurements of the content of neurokinin A and calcitonin gene-related peptide revealed that the lung contained the highest content of both neuropeptides; lymph nodes had intermediate levels, whereas the spleen had the lowest content. Immuhohistochemistry showed that the calcitonin gene-related peptide- and neurokinin A-immunoreactive nerves in lymph nodes were mainly found around blood vessels, whereas in the lung the nerves were present within the lining respiratory epithelium, bronchial smooth muscle, around blood vessels and close to lymphoid aggregates. Combined immunohistochemistry for serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine), as a marker for mast cells, and tachykinins or calcitonin gene-related peptide revealed that a close association was often present between the nerves and 5-hydroxytryptamine-positive cells in the bronchi of the lung, while 5-hydroxytryptamine-positive cells were not observed in lymph nodes. The neurokinin A and calcitonin gene-related peptide content in lymph nodes, spleen and lung, but not the content of neuropeptide Y, was markedly decreased by capsaicin treatment, suggesting a sensory origin for the two former peptides. Aerosol immunization increased the levels of calcitonin gene-related peptide in the lung, whereas the content in mediastinal lymph nodes was not affected. These data demonstrate a peptidergic innervation mainly of blood vessels in lymphoid tissue and a close relation between sensory nerves and mast cells as well as lymphoid aggregates in the bronchi of the lung. This further suggests that the sensory innervation of lymph nodes is mainly related to regulation of vascular tone and lymph flow. Furthermore, at the site of immunization, i.e., in the airway mucosa, sensory nerve mediators may interact both with mast cells and lymphoid cells.  相似文献
5.
为了研究淋巴滞留性脑病中海马bcl-2、bax基因表达和细胞凋亡的动态变化,本实验用阻断大鼠颈部淋巴引流的方法制备淋巴滞留性脑病模型,术后1、2、3、5、7和14d处死动物,H&E染色观察海马组织结构变化,TUNEL荧光标记检测原位细胞凋亡,RT-PCR检测海马bcl-2和bax的mRNA表达。结果显示脑组织有水肿的结构变化,第5天最明显。海马TUNEL阳性细胞数从术后2d开始增多,5d达最高值。bax表达于术后1d开始增高,第2天即达最高值。bcl-2表达于术后1d开始降低,5d达最低值。第14天上述指标均恢复到对照组水平。研究表明,阻断颈部淋巴引流所导致的淋巴滞留性脑病中海马bcl-2和bax的表达发生变化,而且海马神经细胞的死亡以凋亡为主。  相似文献
6.
Dendritic cells are dysfunctional in patients with operable breast cancer   总被引:4,自引:0,他引:4  
Background: Dendritic cells (DCs) play a crucial role in presenting antigens to T lymphocytes and inducing cytotoxic T cells. DCs have been studied in patients with breast cancer to define the factors leading to failure of an effective systemic and locoregional anticancer host response. Methods: Purified DCs were obtained from peripheral blood (PB) and lymph nodes (LNs) of women with operable breast cancer, using immunomagnetic bead selection. The stimulatory capacity of DCs in the allogeneic mixed leukocyte reaction (MLR) and autologous T cell proliferation test (purified protein derivative (PPD) as stimulator), the expression of surface markers on DCs and the production of cytokines in vitro by DCs from patients with operable breast cancer and from healthy donors (controls) were studied. Results: 70–75% purified DCs were isolated from PB and LNs. PBDCs and LNDCs from patients with operable breast cancer demonstrated a reduced capacity to stimulate in an MLR, compared with PBDCs from normal donors (p<0.01). Autologous T cell proliferation in patients had a decreased ability to respond to PPD, when compared with controls (p<0.01). However, T cells from patients responded as well as control T lymphocytes in the presence of control DCs. PBDCs and LNDCs from patients expressed low levels of HLA-DR and CD86, and induced decreased interleukin-12 (IL-12) secretion in vitro, compared with DCs from normal donors (p<0.01). Conclusion: These data suggest a defective DC function in patients with operable breast cancer. Switched-off DCs in patients with early breast cancer and decreased IL-12 production may be important factors for progressive tumour growth.  相似文献
7.
Encapsulated Bifidobacterium bifidum potentiates intestinal IgA production   总被引:4,自引:0,他引:4  
We asked whether Bifidobacterium bifidum regulates the synthesis of IgA by mucosal lymphoid cells. B. bifidum alone, but not Clostridium perfringens, significantly induced total IgA and IgM synthesis by both mesenteric lymph nodes (MLN) and Peyer's patch (PP) cells. We, further, investigated the mucosal antibody production following peroral administration of B. bifidum to mice. Ingested B. bifidum significantly increased the number of Ig (IgM, IgG, and IgA) secreting cells in the culture of both MLN and spleen cells. Nonetheless, B. bifidum itself does not induce the own specific antibody responses, implying that B. bifidum does not provoke unnecessary immune reaction. Subsequently, it was found that encapsulation of B. bifidum further augments the total IgA production in the culture of both MLN and spleen cells. Finally, we found that the immuno-stimulating activity of B. bifidum is due to its cellular components but not due to any actively secreting component(s) from bacteria.  相似文献
8.
 In order to study the host immune response to tumours, previous knowledge of the cellular composition of regional draining lymph nodes is necessary. Enlarged regional lymph nodes are a common finding in colon and gastric adenocarcinomas. We have studied the cellular composition of normal non-reactive and of regional draining lymph nodes of colon and gastric adenocarcinomas. In normal non-reactive lymph nodes, T lymphocytes (CD2+, CD7+) constituted the largest fraction of the lymphoreticular cells. These lymphocytes were mainly CD4+, and there were more cells expressing the CD45RA isoform of the CD45 antigen than CD45RO. Reactive lymph nodes presented a decreased proportion of CD4+ CD45RA+ cells and an increased number of B cells. Although most of the T cells in the reactive nodes were CD4+ CD45RO+, their proportion was similar to that found in normal non-reactive nodes. We studied the presence of the molecules CD28 and CD80 involved in the processes of interaction and activation of T and B lymphocytes. The CD28 molecule was found in all the T lymphocytes, while the CD80 molecule was weakly expressed on the B lymphocyte membrane. Received: 4 January 1996 / Accepted: 28 May 1996  相似文献
9.
Summary We have studied follicular dendritic cells (FDC) in lymph nodes of normal and thymus dysgeneic nude mice depleted of B-cells by chronic treatment with anti-IgM antibodies. We found that B cell depletion was accompanied by the absence of mature FDC as defined morphologically at the ultrastructural level. Only precursor FDC (p-FDC) could be demonstrated. Upon release of B-cell suppression, the repopulation of lymph nodes with B-cells was associated with the reappearance of fully differentiated FDC in primary follicles of nude mice and in secondary follicles of T-cell competent mice. We conclude that mature B-cells and/or B-cell products are required for the development of mature follicular dendritic cells in the mouse lymph node.  相似文献
10.
目的:探讨胆管癌患者血管内皮生长因子C和D(vascular endothelial growth factor-C and-D,VEGF-C and VEGF-D)在胆管癌组织中的表达及其与肿瘤淋巴结转移的关系。方法:应用免疫组化SABC法及Real-time PCR法检测57例胆管癌组织和正常胆管组织中VEGF-C、VEGF-D蛋白及其mRNA的表达。结果:胆管癌组织VEGF-C和VEGF-D表达明显高于正常胆管组织(P<0.01),其中淋巴结转移组VEGF-C、VEGF-D的表达与淋巴结未转移组间统计学差异显著(P<0.05)。VEGF-C和VEGF-D在胆管癌组织中的表达与淋巴结转移有关(P<0.01)。结论:胆管癌细胞非摄入性高表达的VEGF-C和VEGF-D与淋巴结转移密切相关,可作为评估胆管癌患者预后的重要参考指标。  相似文献
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