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Anthropogenic activities continue to cause massive fragmentation and reduction of forest area worldwide. With fragmentation and reduction of habitat recognized as the greatest threats to biodiversity, the implementation of improved, informed and conservation-based forestry practices is essential, and requires a greater understanding of the responses of different organisms to forest fragmentation. While genetic techniques can add invaluable insights to fragmentation studies they have rarely been employed, particularly for multiple species. In the present study, we combined genetic information, obtained from allozyme loci and anonymous single copy nuclear DNA markers, with ecological data to investigate the impacts of forest fragmentation on two log-dwelling beetles with different life histories, in an 'islands of bush in a sea of pine' model, at Tumut in New South Wales, Australia. Both the relatively mobile (i.e. has high dispersal ability and/or broad habitat range) Adelium calosomoides and the less mobile Apasis puncticeps showed reduced mobility and gene flow in fragmented compared to continuous forest: there was significantly greater isolation by distance and stronger local structure revealed by spatial autocorrelation in fragmented forest. Analysis of patch and species characteristics revealed that genetic and demographic structure may be influenced by log degradation class for both species, and number of potential dispersal barriers, distance from continuous forest and desiccation intolerance/moisture preference for Ap. puncticeps. Thus the pine plantation matrix poses a barrier or filter for gene flow and mobility in both beetle species.  相似文献
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Neogria cyanipennis Borchmann,1909 and Aulonogria coerulescens (Gyllenhal,1817) are recorded for the first time from China.The specimens studied are preserved in the Museum of Hebei University.  相似文献
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记述中国西藏莱甲属LaenaDejean1新种Laenazhengisp nov.,提供了整体和阳茎的照片以及足、触角和肛节的线条图,模式标本保存于河北大学博物馆。郑氏莱甲,新种Laena zhengisp.nov.(图1~9)新种与Laena hingstoniSchuster,1926(模式产地:西藏与锡金接壤的Jelap La)在外型上相似,两者的共同点是前胸背板基缘都有饰边,前胸背板盘区和鞘翅行间都有直立长毛,但前胸背板的形状不同;前者的中后足胫节端部内侧有细钩,后足胫节中部内侧有小刺,而后者没有这样的特征。正模♂,西藏墨脱县汗密,海拔2200m,2005-08-19,唐亮采。(原采集标签记录是:Hanmi Moto Coun.XizangA.R.alt.2200m,19-08-2005,TANG Liang leg.)。副模1♀,纪录同正模。词源学:新种种名以昆虫学家郑哲民教授的姓氏命名。  相似文献
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