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1.

Aim

Interleukin-23 (IL-23) and IL-23 receptor (IL23R) play an important role during the T-helper 17 (Th17) cell-mediated inflammatory process as well as pathogenesis of multiple cancers. Several IL-23R single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), especially rs6682925, rs10889677 and rs1884444 polymorphisms, are considered to have significant impacts on susceptibility of multiple cancers. A number of case-control studies have explored the role these genetic polymorphisms in development of carcinogenesis, but the conclusions are inconsistent. Therefore, we conducted this meta-analysis to systematically investigate the associations between the three genetic variants and multiple cancer risk.

Methods

A total of ten studies are eligible (12,211 patients and 14,650 controls). Pooled odds ratios (ORs) and the 95% confidence interval (95% CI) were appropriately calculated using either fixed-effect model or random-effect model.

Results

Significant associations between rs6682925 or rs10889677 polymorphism and cancer risk were found (OR = 1.11, 95% CI = 1.03–1.21, P = 0.007; or OR = 0.85, 95% CI = 0.71–0.92, P = 0.001). However, there was no such association between rs1884444 genotypes and cancer susceptibility (P > 0.05).

Conclusion

These findings reveal that the IL-23R rs6682925 and rs10889677 genetic variants play a more important part in pathogenesis of multiple cancers.  相似文献
2.
炎症性肠病(Inflammatory Bowel Diseases,IBD),是一组病因未明的累及胃肠道的慢性炎症性疾病,一般指克罗恩病(Crohn’sdisease,CD)和溃疡性结肠炎(ulcerative colitis,UC)。目前认为它是由多种因素相互作用所致的一种自身免疫性疾病,主要包括免疫、环境以及遗传等因素,其中免疫在IBD的发生过程中起着极其重要的作用。以往研究认为与T辅助细胞(T Helper cells)Th1或Th2细胞反应的增强或减弱有关。然而最近研究发现一类新细胞亚群,称为Th17细胞,与之相关的细胞因子可导致包括肠道在内的多脏器病变。Th17细胞分化过程中又需要IL-23的参与,因此IL-23/Th17细胞在炎症性肠病患者肠道内过度表达可以解释肠组织损伤的新途径,并为制定新的治疗策略提出依据。本文就IL-23/Th17轴在炎症性肠病中的作用的研究进展作一综述。  相似文献
3.
程细祥  万荣  卢大儒  沈杰  苏婧玲 《生物磁学》2011,(21):4010-4013
目的:通过检测白细胞介素23受体(1L-23R)及白细胞介素17A(IL-17A)在炎症性肠病(IBD)患者肠黏膜及血清中的表达水平,探讨其在IBD发病过程中的作用及意义。方法:收集32例克罗恩病(CD)患者、29例溃疡性结肠炎(UC)患者及27例对照者的内镜肠黏膜活检标本,采用荧光定量PCR技术检测肠黏膜内IL-23R、IL-17AmRNA的表达情况,免疫组化技术分析IL-23R、IL-17A在肠黏膜中的原位表达。结果:与健康对照组相比,CD及UC患者肠黏膜组织内IL-23RmRNA表达显著增高(P〈0.05),CD及UC组间的表达量差异无统计学意义(P〉0.05)。CD及UC患者肠黏膜组织内IL-17AmRNA表达显著增高(P〈0.05),CD组肠黏膜组织内IL.17AmRNA表达显著高于uc组(P〈0.05)。免疫组化分析显示IL-23R阳性细胞在CD与uc肠黏膜固有层内有较多表达,较正常黏膜内的肠上皮细胞相比,CD及UC患者肠黏膜IL-23R蛋白表达量最著增高(P〈0.05),UC及CD组间的表达量差异无统计学意义(P〉0.05)。IL-17A阳性细胞在CD与UC肠黏膜固有层内有较多表达,较正常黏膜内的肠上皮细胞相比,CD及UC患者肠黏膜IL-17A蛋白表达量最著增高(P〈0.05)。结论:IL.23R及IL-17A在IBD患者肠黏膜中表达显著增高,提示IL-23R及IL-17A表达异常与IBD的发生发展密切相关,有可能成为IBD治疗的新靶点。  相似文献
4.
目的:通过检测白细胞介素23受体(IL-23R)及白细胞介素17A(IL-17A)在炎症性肠病(IBD)患者肠黏膜及血清中的表达水平,探讨其在IBD发病过程中的作用及意义。方法:收集32例克罗恩病(CD)患者、29例溃疡性结肠炎(UC)患者及27例对照者的内镜肠黏膜活检标本,采用荧光定量PCR技术检测肠黏膜内IL-23R、IL-17AmRNA的表达情况,免疫组化技术分析IL-23R、IL-17A在肠黏膜中的原位表达。结果:与健康对照组相比,CD及UC患者肠黏膜组织内IL-23R mRNA表达显著增高(P<0.05),CD及UC组间的表达量差异无统计学意义(P>0.05)。CD及UC患者肠黏膜组织内IL-17A mRNA表达显著增高(P<0.05),CD组肠黏膜组织内IL-17AmRNA表达显著高于UC组(P<0.05)。免疫组化分析显示IL-23R阳性细胞在CD与UC肠黏膜固有层内有较多表达,较正常黏膜内的肠上皮细胞相比,CD及UC患者肠黏膜IL-23R蛋白表达量最著增高(P<0.05),UC及CD组间的表达量差异无统计学意义(P>0.05)。IL-17A阳性细胞在CD与UC肠黏膜固有层内有较多表达,较正常黏膜内的肠上皮细胞相比,CD及UC患者肠黏膜IL-17A蛋白表达量最著增高(P<0.05)。结论:IL-23R及IL-17A在IBD患者肠黏膜中表达显著增高,提示IL-23R及IL-17A表达异常与IBD的发生发展密切相关,有可能成为IBD治疗的新靶点。  相似文献
5.
Cerebral malaria (CM) is the most severe complication of Plasmodium infection. Although inappropriate immune responses to Plasmodium falciparum are reported as the major causes of CM, the precise mechanisms for development remain unclear. IL-23 and IL-17 have critical roles in the onset of autoimmunity and inflammatory diseases triggered by microbial infections. Thus, we investigated the influence of IL-23 and IL-17 on experimental CM (ECM) using Plasmodium berghei ANKA infection of C57BL/6 mice. Both IL-23 deficient mice and wild-type (WT) mice developed ECM. IL-17 deficient mice also developed ECM, while IL-17 producing cells other than CD4+ T cells (Th17) were increased in WT mice that developed ECM. In conclusion, this study showed that IL-23 and IL-17 are not involved in ECM development.  相似文献
6.
Listeria monocytogenes infection induces a strong inflammatory response characterized by the production of IL-12 and IFN-γ and protective immunity against this pathogen is dependent on CD8+ T cells (CTL). Recent studies have suggested that these inflammatory cytokines affect the rate of memory CD8+ T cell generation as well as the number of short-lived effector cells generated. The role of the closely related cytokine, IL-23, in this response has not been examined. We hypothesized that IL-12 and IL-23 produced by dendritic cells collectively enhance the generation and function of memory cells. To test this hypothesis, we employed a DC vaccination approach. Mice lacking IL-12 and IL-23 were vaccinated with wild-type (WT), IL-12−/−, or IL-12/23−/− DC and protection to Lm was monitored. Mice vaccinated with WT and IL-12−/− DC were resistant to lethal challenge with Lm. Surprisingly, mice vaccinated with IL-12/23−/− DC exhibited significantly reduced protection when challenged. Protection correlated with the relative size of the memory pools generated. In summary, these data indicate that IL-23 can partially compensate for the lack of IL-12 in the generation protective immunity against Lm.  相似文献
7.
Crohn's Disease (CD) is caused by a loss of the regulatory capacity of the immune apparatus. Nod2 is an intracellular bacterial sensor and its mutations are associated with the development of CD. Here we summarize recent and controversial findings about the role of the Nod2 mutants in the disease process.  相似文献
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