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1.
植物保护剂防治害虫效果的评价方法   总被引:95,自引:19,他引:76  
在以作用因子组建的生命表和干扰作用控制指数(IIPC)的基础上建立植物保护剂的研究方法和综合评价指标,以表示驱避成虫选择寄主,干扰成虫的产卵行为,对卵孵化的影响,以及干扰幼虫的行为,包括逃避、拒食、幼虫特别是初孵幼虫中毒死亡的作用.采用所建立的研究方法和评价指标的试验结果表明,菜田附近大多数非寄主植物的乙醇抽提物(干重1g·100ml-1)如大叶桉(Eucalytusrubusta)、蟛蜞菊(Wedeliachinensis)等对保护十字花科蔬菜免受小菜蛾为害起着明显的作用.印楝油对小菜蛾幼虫的防治效果相当显著.机油乳剂(CALTEX产品)对桔全爪螨具有明显的控制效果  相似文献
2.
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) carries out multifaceted functions in tumor development, and it exists as at least five isoforms with distinct biologic activities and clinical implications. Several strategies have been developed to block VEGF for cancer therapy; however, the approach to target-specific VEGF isoform(s) has not been explored to date. In the present study, we show that DNA vector-based RNA interference (RNAi), in which RNAi sequences targeting murine VEGF isoforms are inserted downstream of an RNA polymerase III promoter, has potential applications in isoform-specific "knock-down" of VEGF. Large molecular weight VEGF isoforms were specifically reduced in vitro in the presence of isoform-specific RNAi constructs. Additionally, H1 promoter may be superior to U6 promoter when used for vector-based RNAi of VEGF isoforms. This strategy provides a novel tool to study the function of various VEGF isoforms and may contribute to VEGF isoform-specific treatment in cancer.  相似文献
3.
植物间的他感作用   总被引:69,自引:1,他引:68  
宋君 《生态学杂志》1990,9(6):43-47
一、他感作用(Allelopathy)这个概念是由Molish 于1937年首次提出的。他认为,他感作用是指各种类型的植物之间,包括微生物之间的生化作用。并指出,这个术语包含相克与相生两种含义。1970  相似文献
4.
鼠类不育控制的生态学基础   总被引:46,自引:9,他引:37  
张知彬 《兽类学报》1995,15(3):229-234
(1)不育控制是与传统的单一化学灭杀截然不同的鼠害防治策略,它着重于降低种群生育率来达到控制鼠类数量的目的。(2)传统不育控制在不育个体对生育个体的竞争性繁殖干扰方面注意不够,低估了不育控制的潜力。(3)本文依据生态学原理,经过数学推理和分析后认为,即使在不考虑竞争性繁殖干扰的情况下,不育控制基本上可以达到同样水平单纯灭杀的控制效果;若再考虑到不育个体的竞争性繁殖干扰作用,不育控制的实际效果将明显  相似文献
5.
Selective inhibition of hepatitis B virus replication by RNA interference   总被引:43,自引:0,他引:43  
Small interfering RNA (siRNA) is a powerful tool to silence gene expression in mammalian cells including genes of viral origin. To evaluate the therapeutic efficacy of siRNA against the hepatitis B virus (HBV), we studied the effect of transfection of the HBV-inducible cell lines HepAD38 and HepAD79 with siRNA specific for the core gene of the HBV genome. HepAD38 cells produce wild-type HBV, whereas HepAD79 cells produce the lamivudine resistant YMDD variant. Transfection of HepAD38 cells with either 1.6 or 4 microg/ml siRNA resulted in a profound inhibition (72% and 98%, respectively) of viral replication (as assessed by real-time quantitative PCR). The inhibitory effect was corroborated by a marked reduction of HBV core protein synthesis in induced HepAD38 cells. In HepAD79 cells, transfected with 1.6 or 4 microg/ml HBV-specific siRNA, virus production was reduced by 75% and 89%, respectively.  相似文献
6.
Deregulated and excessive expression of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR or erbB1), a transmembrane receptor tyrosine kinase specific for the epidermal growth factor (EGF), is a feature and/or cause of a wide range of human cancers, and thus inhibition of its expression is potentially therapeutic. In RNA interference (RNAi), duplexes of 21-nucleotide RNAs (small interfering RNA, siRNA) corresponding to mRNA sequences of particular genes are used to efficiently inhibit the expression of the target proteins in mammalian cells. Here we show that by using RNAi the expression of endogenous erbB1 can be specifically and extensively (90%) suppressed in A431 human epidermoid carcinoma cells. As a consequence, EGF-induced tyrosine phosphorylation was inhibited and cell proliferation was reduced due to induction of apoptosis. We established an inverse correlation between the level of expressed erbB1 and EGF sensitivity on a cell-by-cell basis using flow cytometry. A431 cells expressing endogenous erbB1 were transfected with erbB1 fused C-terminally to enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP). Selective inhibition of the expression of the fusion protein was achieved with an siRNA specific for the EGFP mRNA, whereas the erbB1-specific siRNAs inhibited the expression of both molecules. siRNA-mediated inhibition of erbB1 and other erbB tyrosine kinases may constitute a useful therapeutic approach in the treatment of human cancer.  相似文献
7.
The gene-silencing effect of short interfering RNA (siRNA) is known to vary strongly with the targeted position of the mRNA. A number of hypotheses have been suggested to explain this phenomenon. We would like to test if this positional effect is mainly due to the secondary structure of the mRNA at the target site. We proposed that this structural factor can be characterized by a single parameter called "the hydrogen bond (H-b) index," which represents the average number of hydrogen bonds formed between nucleotides in the target region and the rest of the mRNA. This index can be determined using a computational approach. We tested the correlation between the H-b index and the gene-silencing effects on three genes (Bcl-2, hTF, and cyclin B1) using a variety of siRNAs. We found that the gene-silencing effect is inversely dependent on the H-b index, indicating that the local mRNA structure at the targeted site is the main cause of the positional effect. Based on this finding, we suggest that the H-b index can be a useful guideline for future siRNA design.  相似文献
8.
Efficiencies of a nuclease resistant antisense oligonucleotide and of siRNA both being targeted against the green fluorescent protein stably expressed in HeLa cells are compared in cell cultures and in xenografted mice. Using Cytofectin GSV to deliver both inhibitors, the siRNAs appear to be quantitatively more efficient and its effect is lasting for a longer time in cell culture. In mice, we observed an activity of siRNAs but not of antisense oligonucleotides. The absence of efficiency of antisense oligonucleotides is probably due to their lower resistance to nuclease degradation.  相似文献
9.
Gene silencing by systemic delivery of synthetic siRNAs in adult mice   总被引:38,自引:0,他引:38  
In mammalian cells, RNA duplexes of 21-23 nucleotides, known as small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) specifically inhibit gene expression in vitro. Here, we show that systemic delivery of siRNAs can inhibited exogenous and endogenous gene expression in adult mice. Cationic liposome-based intravenous injection in mice of plasmid encoding the green fluorescent protein (GFP) with its cognate siRNA, inhibited GFP gene expression in various organs. Furthermore, intraperitoneal injection of anti-TNF-alpha siRNA inhibited lipopolysaccharide-induced TNF-alpha gene expression, whereas secretion of IL1-alpha was not inhibited. Importantly, the development of sepsis in mice following a lethal dose of lipopolysaccharide injection, was significantly inhibited by pre-treatment of the animals with anti-TNF-alpha siRNAs. Collectively, these results demonstrate that synthetic siRNAs can function in vivo as pharmaceutical drugs.  相似文献
10.
水曲柳落叶松人工混交林中树木个体生长的竞争效应模型   总被引:35,自引:4,他引:31  
本研究从水曲柳落叶松混交林中树木的种内种间竞争机制出发,对与距离有关的竞争模型和邻体干扰模型进行了改进,提出了以竞争指数分量和竞争效应系数来量化树木间的空间竞争。根据野外的实测数据,以年材积生长量为因变量各竞争指数分量为自变量,通过多元回归分析建立了树木个体生长的竞争效应模型,回归结果有很好的拟合优度。本研究为空间竞争模型的进一步改进和生态学研究植物竞争生长关系提供了新的思路。  相似文献
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