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1.
Prediction of the Secondary Structure of Myelin Basic Protein   总被引:14,自引:10,他引:4  
An investigation into the probable secondary structure of the myelin basic protein was carried out by the application of three procedures currently in use to predict the secondary structures of proteins from knowledge of their amino acid sequences. In order to increase the accuracy of the predictions, the amino acid substitutions that occur in the basic protein from different species were incorporated into the predictive algorithms. It was possible to locate regions of probable alpha-helix, beta-structure, beta-turn, and unordered conformation (coil) in the protein. One of the predictive methods introduces a bias into the algorithm to maximize or minimize the amounts of alpha-helix and/or beta-structure present; this made it possible to assess how conditions such as pH and protein concentration or the presence of anionic amphiphilic molecules could influence the protein's secondary structure. The predictions made by the three methods were in reasonably good agreement with one another. They were consistent with experimental data, provided that the stabilizing or destabilizing effects of the environment were taken into account. According to the predictions, the extent of possible alpha-helix and beta-structure formation in the protein s severely restricted by the low frequency and extensive scattering of hydrophobic residues, along with a high frequency and extensive scattering of residues that favor the formation of beta-turns and coils. Neither prolyl residues nor cationic residues per se are responsible for the low content of alpha-helix predicted in the protein. The principal ordered conformation predicted is the beta-turn. Many of the predicted beta-turns overlap extensively, involving in some cases up to 10 residues. In some of these structures it is possible for the peptide backbone to oscillate in a sinusoidal manner, generating a flat, pleated sheetlike structure. Cationic residues located in these structures would appear to be ideally oriented for interaction with lipid phosphate groups located at the cytoplasmic surface of the myelin membrane. An analysis of possible and probable conformations that the triproline sequence could assume questions the popular notion that this sequence produces a hairpin turn in the basic protein.  相似文献
2.
JNK相互作用蛋白通过JNK途径影响鼻咽癌的增殖和凋亡   总被引:13,自引:0,他引:13       下载免费PDF全文
EB病毒编码的瘤蛋白潜伏膜蛋白(LMP1)所介导的活化蛋白(AP-1)信号转导途径在细胞增殖、分化、转化与凋亡方面发挥着重要作用.越来越多的证据表明,AP-1信号转导通路中上游激酶JNK在鼻咽癌的发生发展过程中起着重要作用.最近克隆出来的JNK相互作用蛋白(JIP-1)是一种能抑制JNK核移位的胞浆锚蛋白.为探讨JIP在LMP1调控AP-1信号通路中的作用机制,采用间接免疫荧光法和报告基因法,发现JIP通过有效地抑制磷酸化的JNK从胞浆移位入核,从而抑制LMP1上调的AP-1活性.同时,JIP导入鼻咽癌细胞中,MTT法发现JIP能够明显抑制鼻咽癌细胞的生长.进一步发现转染JIP后细胞的集落形成率与对照组相比大约降低了53.6%,也抑制了细胞. 提示JIP可明显抑制细胞的增殖作用.进一步采用流式细胞术分析,结果发现JIP引起细胞G1/S期细胞阻滞,说明JIP是抑制细胞增殖的重要调节子.进一步采用流式细胞术定量发现,转染JIP后细胞的24 h凋亡百分率由1.25%上升到8.25%,上升约6.6倍,48 h由1.04%上升到31.45%,上升约30倍. 采用激光共聚焦显微镜发现,转染JIP后细胞核发生显著变化,核质由均匀状态固缩成高凝集状态,形成了典型的胞膜体.提示JIP可有效地促进细胞凋亡.结果表明,JIP可通过抑制活化的JNK核移位,降低LMP1所介导的AP-1信号通路.并进一步发现JIP可有效地抑制细胞增殖和细胞凋亡,从而提示JIP可作为新的治疗肿瘤潜在靶分子.  相似文献
3.
Phosphorylation of the glutamate receptor is an important mechanism of synaptic plasticity. Here, we show that the C terminus of GluR2 of the alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazole-4-propionate (AMPA) receptor is phosphorylated by protein kinase C and that serine-880 is the major phosphorylation site. This phosphorylation also occurs in human embryonic kidney (HEK) cells by addition of 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol 13-acetate. Our immunoprecipitation experiment revealed that the phosphorylation of serine-880 in GluR2 drastically reduced the affinity for glutamate receptor-interacting protein (GRIP), a synaptic PDZ domain-containing protein, in vitro and in HEK cells. This result suggests that modulation of serine-880 phosphorylation in GluR2 controls the clustering of AMPA receptors at excitatory synapses and consequently contributes to synaptic plasticity.  相似文献
4.
The retinoblastoma pathway in plant cell cycle and development   总被引:9,自引:0,他引:9  
The activity of cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) on specific targets mediates the temporal regulation of plant cell cycle transitions. The sequential activity of CDKs and the spatial regulation of cell proliferation during plant development, however, are still poorly understood. Understanding these aspects depends on the identification of the downstream targets and upstream modulators of CDKs and their regulation in response to mitogenic and/or differentiation signals. Current efforts to elucidate the answers to these questions are very promising; in particular, recent works reveal the essential role that the retinoblastoma pathway plays in controlling cell cycle progression and, presumably, some developmental events.  相似文献
5.
EB病毒LMP-1在鼻咽癌细胞中通过JNK介导AP-1活化   总被引:7,自引:0,他引:7       下载免费PDF全文
 EB病毒潜伏膜蛋白 1 (latentmembraneprotein 1 ,LMP 1 )活化激活蛋白 1 (activatorprotein 1 ,AP 1 )信号传导途径与其致瘤作用密切相关 .为了探讨LMP 1活化AP 1信号传导的分子机制 ,在可诱导调控LMP 1表达的鼻咽癌细胞系L7中 ,首先通过荧光酶双报道系统确定了LMP 1表达能激活AP 1 ;在此基础上 ,用c JunPathDetect系统确定LMP 1表达活化AP 1是通过c Jun的磷酸化 (活化 )介导 .虽然LMP 1不能上调c Jun上游主要调节激酶c JunN端激酶 (c JunN terminalkinase ,JNK)的蛋白表达 ,但能显著促进JNK的磷酸化 (活化 ) ;在L7细胞中导入JNK相互作用蛋白 (JNK interactingprotein ,JIP)基因 ,抑制JNK的核移位能显著抑制LMP 1诱导的AP 1活化 ,同时对NFкВ活化也有部分抑制作用 .结果表明 ,EB病毒LMP 1在鼻咽癌细胞中通过JNK介导AP 1活化  相似文献
6.
Tomato leaves infected by the fungal pathogen Cladosporium fulvum contain several types of intracellular and extracellular pathogenesis-related (PR) proteins. Previously, we reported the purification and serological characterization of five extracellular PR proteins: P2, P4, P6, a chitinase and a -1,3-glucanase [22, 23]. Here we describe the purification of a basic intracellular 33 kDa -1,3-glucanase and the isolation and characterization of cDNA clones encoding the two extracellular P14 isomers P4 and P6, the extracellular acidic -1,3-glucanase and a basic 35 kDa -1,3-glucanase, different from the purified 33 kDa protein. Southern blot analysis demonstrated that tomato PR proteins are not encoded by large gene families, as is the case in tobacco. The number of genes corresponding to each protein was estimated to vary between one and three. A northern blot analysis indicated that the mRNAs for the extracellular PR proteins (P4, P6 and acidic -1,3-glucanase) accumulate to similar levels in compatible and incompatible tomato-C. fulvum interactions, although the maximum level of expression is reached much faster in the incompatible interaction. On the other hand, the mRNA for the basic 35 kDa -1,3-glucanase is induced rapidly to high levels in both interactions, but declines in time to background levels only in the incompatible interaction. The relevance of this difference in relation to plant defence is discussed.  相似文献
7.
The third dimension for protein interactions and complexes   总被引:7,自引:0,他引:7  
Interaction discovery methods, such as the two-hybrid system and affinity purification, suggest thousands of protein–protein interactions. Structural biology provides atomic details for many interactions but, to date, there has been limited discussion of how these two fields complement each other. Here, we apply a structural perspective to interpret interactions discovered by different techniques. This perspective reveals indirect interactions in two-hybrid systems, instances where molecular labels might obstruct interfaces, and possible explanations for why certain promiscuous proteins interact with many others. It also highlights that some methods favour tight complexes whereas others favour interactions of a more transient nature. We conclude by discussing how a combination of interaction discovery and structural biology will enhance our understanding of complex cellular processes.  相似文献
8.
9.
The Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome (HGPS or progeria) is an apparent accelerated aging disorder of childhood. Recently, HGPS has been characterized as one of a growing group of disorders known as laminopathies, which result from genetic defects of the lamin A/C (LMNA) gene. The majority of HGPS mutant alleles involve a silent mutation, c.2063C>T resulting in G608G, that generates a cryptic splicing site in exon 11 of LMNA and consequently truncates 50 amino acids near the C-terminus of pre-lamin A/C. To explore possible mechanisms underlying the development of HGPS, we began a search for proteins that would uniquely interact with progerin (the truncated lamin A in HGPS) using a yeast two-hybrid system. Four new progerin interactive partner proteins were identified that had not been previously found to interact with lamin A/C: hnRNP E1, UBC9 (ubiquitin conjugating enzyme E2I), Mel-18, and EGF1. However, using control and progeria fibroblasts, co-immunoprecipitation studies of endogenous proteins did not show differential binding affinity compared to normal lamin A/C. Thus, we did not find evidence for uniquely interacting partner proteins using this approach, but did identify four new lamin A/C interactive partners.  相似文献
10.
HBXIP基因对乙肝病毒X蛋白诱导细胞凋亡的影响   总被引:6,自引:2,他引:4       下载免费PDF全文
 探讨乙型肝炎病毒X蛋白结合蛋白(hepatitisBXinteractingprotein ,HBXIP)基因在乙型肝炎病毒X蛋白(HBX)诱导肝癌细胞凋亡时对细胞周期的影响.构建HBXIP基因真核表达载体pcDNA3 hbxip ,进行瞬时基因转染,将克隆有HBx基因的pCMV X (分别为1μg、2 μg和3μg)和pcDNA3 hbxip质粒分别和共转染至人H74 0 2肝癌细胞中(总体积分别为5 0 μl) .发现瞬时转染3μgpCMV X质粒后,肝癌细胞凋亡发生率为34 4 % ,肝癌细胞的细胞周期相关蛋白p2 7表达水平发生明显上调;与对照组相比,瞬时转染1μg、2 μg和3μg时,细胞周期蛋白D和细胞周期蛋白E的表达水平均发生明显上调,但随着HBX水平的增加细胞周期蛋白D和细胞周期蛋白E的表达水平发生明显下降;在稳定转染pCMV X质粒的H74 0 2 X肝癌细胞中无明显的细胞凋亡发生,研究发现p2 7的表达水平发生了明显下调,而细胞周期蛋白D和细胞周期蛋白E的表达水平发生了明显上调;当pcDNA3 hbxip质粒与pCMV X质粒进行共瞬时转染时,细胞凋亡发生率由pcDNA3质粒与pCMV X质粒共转染时的2 9 2 %下降为13 3% ,p2 7的表达水平发生了下调,但细胞周期蛋白D和细胞周期蛋白E的表达水平无明显变化.研究结果表明,瞬时转染一定剂量的x基因可导致肝癌细胞发生凋亡,细胞周期相关蛋白p2 7、细胞周期蛋白D和  相似文献
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