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1.
记述了甘肃兰州永登下街泉头沟发现的5种小哺乳动物化石,其中包括3个首次在这一经典地点发现的种。化石组合的分析表明,泉头沟动物群的时代与内蒙古中中新世通古尔动物群接近,并有一个与通古尔动物群相似、指示温带干旱、半干旱丛林-草原的古环境。  相似文献
2.
兽类头骨测量标准Ⅴ:食虫目、翼手目   总被引:9,自引:7,他引:2       下载免费PDF全文
本文为《兽类头骨测量标准》第五部分,在第一部分基本量度的基础上着重介绍了食虫目和翼手目各类群特有的量度及测量方法。  相似文献
3.
我国东北地区第一个老第三纪哺乳动物群的研究   总被引:7,自引:6,他引:1  
本文记述了在我国东北地区首次发现的老第三纪哺乳动物群——吉林桦甸哺乳动物群。计有食虫目盔猬亚科的中华晓猬(新属、新种)Eochenus sinensis gen. et sp. nov.,桦甸齿鼩猬(新种)Tupaiodon huadianensis sp. nov.,鼩鼱科的吉林蕾鼩(新属、新种)Ernosorex jilinensis gen. et sp. nov.,灵长目始镜亚科的长白亚洲镜猴(新属、新种)Asiomomys changbaicus gen. et sp. nov.和啮齿目先松鼠科的东方争胜鼠(新属、新种)Zelomys orientalis gen. et sp. nov.和纤细争胜鼠(新种)Z. gracilis. sp, nov.等。其中Eochenus可能代表目前已知最原始的盔猬类。Ernosorex可能是鼩鼱类具有原始特征的旁枝。桦甸哺乳动物群与北美尤因他动物群的关系较近,而与欧洲同期不同。表明当时亚洲与北美之间有直接的动物群交流。其中争胜鼠可能由北美迁来,而鼩鼱类可能从亚洲起源,然后迁往北美。桦甸动物群的时代为晚中始新世或晚始新世。当时桦甸盆地为森林沼泽湖泊景观,气候较温暖潮湿。  相似文献
4.
Molecular methods are widely used for species identification of mammals. In particular, the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene sequence has proven helpful for this purpose. Microarray technology can now open up new perspectives for biodiversity monitoring. With microarrays, many thousands of genetically based characteristics can be tested on one microscopic glass slide called a 'chip'. A 'Mammalia-Chip', for example, could include redundant diagnostic markers to unambiguously identify all European mammal species. Of broader use, and therefore economically more relevant, could be a 'Biodiversity-Chip', containing diagnostic features to distinguish key species in the taxa of bacteria, lichen, molluscs, insects, fungi, mammals, etc. An important prerequisite for any mixed-phyla chip is a standardization of methods. One of the most promising genes as a universal marker for all eukaryotes is cytochrome oxidase I. We show that cytochrome oxidase I is adequate for the discrimination of different species of voles and shrews with cluster analysis. Based on these results we present a diagnostic microarray-chip using cytochrome oxidase I sequences for the identification of three species of Sorex (Soricidae, Insectivora) and four species of Microtus (Arvicolinae, Rodentia). We conclude that cytochrome oxidase I can be used as an alternative marker to cytochrome b in a mixed-phyla chip, or both genes can be used in combination to enhance redundance and thus robustness of a specific chip including small mammals.  相似文献
5.
内蒙阿左旗乌兰塔塔尔中渐新世的食虫类   总被引:3,自引:2,他引:1  
这篇短文记述了在内蒙阿左旗乌兰塔塔尔地区中渐新世地层中发现的两属三种食虫类化石。  相似文献
6.
The first MRP (matrix representation with parsimony) supertree phylogeny of the Lipotyphla is presented, covering all the families that were considered to make up the traditional mammalian order Insectivora. The phylogeny does not examine relationships within the shrew subfamily Crocidurinae, but all other taxa are considered at the species level, drawing upon 41 years of systematic literature and combining information from 47 published sources. The MRP technique is also critically discussed. This study will be of use to comparative biology studies of the Lipotyphla (or of mammals as a whole) and is a rigorous review of past systematic work, as well as clearly demonstrating our current level of knowledge. The supertree clearly details a strong imbalance in phylogenetic understanding across the taxon: a great deal is known about the hedgehogs and gymnures (Erinaceidae), the New World moles (Talpidae), Palaearctic species of Sorex (subgenus Sorex ) and the relationships between genera of red-toothed shrews (Soricinae). The supertree, however, clearly shows areas where our knowledge is conflicting or non-existent, and these gaps do not always correspond to obscure species: nothing is known about the systematics of Old World mole genera. Also very little is known about golden moles (Chrysochloridae) and the shrew-tenrec genus Microgale , some of the most threatened mammals on Earth.  相似文献
7.
1. This study tests a model of the relationship of body mass to reproductive power (the rate of conversion of energy from the environment to an organism's offspring). Specifically tested is the prediction that the regression of life-history variables on body size will change slope and sign about an 'optimum' body mass of 100 g.
2. Life-history data from the mammalian order Insectivora have been collated and analysed using a phylogenetic comparative method to test this prediction.
3. The analyses showed little evidence for significant changes in slope or sign around 100g body mass, or other possible optimal body masses, contradicting the predictions of the model. These findings agree with those of similar analyses on life-history variables of bats.  相似文献
8.
A NEW LOCALITY YIELDING MID-TERTIARY MAMMALS NEAR LANZHOU, GANSU   总被引:2,自引:2,他引:0  
<正> A locality yielding middle Tertiary mammalian fossils was discovered by a group of students in 1986. The locality is situated 1 km south of the railway station of Lanzhou, the capital of Gansu Province. It is on the northern slope of the Gaolan mountain, which is constituted basically by continental red beds capped by thick layer of loess. The red beds consists mainly of dark red gypsiferous claystone and siltstone, intercalated with comparatively thin layers of pale-yellow sandstones. The fossils were found in the upper part of the section which is almost 400m thick (fig. 1).From points of view of both vertebrate paleontology and biostratigraphy, the discovery is of great importance, and worthy of describing as early as possible.  相似文献
9.
小鼩鼱(食虫目:鼩鼱科)辽宁省新纪录   总被引:2,自引:2,他引:0       下载免费PDF全文
孙悦欣 《动物学杂志》2010,45(4):171-172
在整理采自辽宁省新宾县鼩鼱属(Sorex)标本时,发现小鼩鼱(S.inutus Linnaeus,1766)为辽宁省新纪录.主要特征为上颌第二单尖齿小于第一、三单尖齿,第五单尖齿小,约为第四单尖齿的2/3高.下颌门齿向前延伸共长,其上切缘有3个深缺刻,犬齿小,是下前臼齿2/3高.  相似文献
10.
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