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We performed a comparative morphological and molecular study on oxytrichid and urostylid stichotrichs (=part of the former hypotrichs). Included are new small subunit (18S) ribosomal RNA (rRNA) gene sequences from five rare oxytrichids (Gonostomum namibiense, Cyrtohymena citrina, Hemiurosoma terricola, Onychodromopsis flexilis, Orthoamphisiella breviseries) and published sequences, based on cultures provided by the senior author, of two key stichotrichid genera, viz., Gastrostyla and Engelmanniella. These and other sequences, altogether 27 species representing 23 genera, were used to analyze how 18S rRNA-based phylogenetic trees can be reconciled with the morphological and ontogenetical data. In 18S rRNA trees, the oligotrichine family Halteriidae invariably clusters within the oxytrichid clade, usually near Oxytricha granulifera, type species of the genus. This position is hardly supported by morphological and ecological evidence and, especially, it contradicts the current ontogenetic findings; possibly, it is an artifact caused by taxa undersampling and/or special molecular evolutionary events. In contrast, most morphological and DNA sequence data of the stichotrichs can be harmonized with the CEUU (Convergent Evolution of Urostylids and Uroleptids) hypothesis which suggests that the urostylid midventral pattern evolved from an oxytrichine ancestor, developing a second time within the Oxytrichidae. The systematic position of one of the two key genera could be clarified with the 18S rRNA sequences: Gastrostyla is a stylonychine oxytrichid. Based on the molecular data and a reassessment of ontogenesis, a new genus, Styxophrya nov. gen., is established for Onychodromus quadricornutus Foissner, Schlegel & Prescott, 1987.  相似文献
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红色角毛虫的形态学和形态发生过程的研究   总被引:5,自引:0,他引:5  
观察并描述了上海采集到的红色角毛虫的形态结构和形态发生过程。发现形态发生时虫体分别于前、后两个区域发生前、后两个口围带原基,并且由同一个体分裂而成的前,后两个仔虫内,额、腹、横棘毛和缘棘毛的分化并不完全相同,以至造成两个仔虫上棘毛的数目和缘棘毛的列数有明显差异。根据红色角毛虫的形态结构及其形态发生中的一些不够稳定的特点,推测它可能是一种还处于分化中的腹毛类纤毛虫。  相似文献
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冠突伪尾柱虫小核对胞口结构稳定性的影响   总被引:4,自引:0,他引:4  
金立培  金华中 《动物学报》2002,48(2):258-263
在通过显微手术所建立的冠突伪尾柱虫(Pseudourostyla cristata)无小核系中,部分细胞因口围带翻领部小膜出现不同程度的缺损而导致畸形;在细胞生长静止期的群体中,口围带畸形率高达50%以上;对无小核系600多个刚完成二分裂的前,后仔虫及1000多个生理改组末期的虫体进行蛋白银染色观察,除发现4个二分裂仔虫和3个生理改组后虫体的口围带异常外,绝大多数经过形态发生后的细胞都具有正常的胞口结构。另一方面,选择性培养实验进一步证明,口围带畸形产生于非形态发生期。由此可见,失去小核的细胞,同时也失去了胞口结构的稳定性。  相似文献
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ABSTRACT. This paper reports on a new phenomenon in the ciliated protists: cytoplasmically determined early sexual maturity. Stock MN1 of the marine hypotrich Euplotes crassus matures immediately after conjugation. We analyzed the respective contribuboas of the nucleus and the cytoplasm to the inheritance of this stable condition. A genetic marker, and new methods in E. crassus for cytoplasmic labeling, production of amicronucleates, and induction of selfing were used. Crosses within and among the early mature (EM) variants and late mature (LM) "wild type" lines were done in ovarious combinations. Descendants of EM conjugants continued to be EM, and descendants of LM continued to be LM, regardless of the different experimental approaches used. The results of the crosses clearly show that the clonally stable, variant EM phenotype is transmitted at conjugation in a non-Mendelian manner through the cytoplasmic lineage. The expression of the trait is independent of the micronuclear genome, but the precise site and nature of the hereditary basis is unknown.  相似文献
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A 604-base pair macronuclear DNA molecule from the hypotrichous ciliate Euplotes crassus was cloned and its DNA sequence determined. The DNA sequence contains an open reading frame capable of encoding a protein 141 amino acids in length. The putative protein contains significant sequence similarity to other eukaryotic proteins, including the rat form-I phosphoinositide-specific phospholipase C.  相似文献
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